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Date:   Mon, 18 May 2020 22:38:24 -0700
From:   Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>
To:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <ast@...com>,
        <daniel@...earbox.net>
CC:     <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>, <kernel-team@...com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>, Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf] bpf: prevent mmap()'ing read-only maps as writable

As discussed in [0], it's dangerous to allow mapping BPF map, that's meant to
be frozen and is read-only on BPF program side, because that allows user-space
to actually store a writable view to the page even after it is frozen. This is
exacerbated by BPF verifier making a strong assumption that contents of such
frozen map will remain unchanged. To prevent this, disallow mapping
BPF_F_RDONLY_PROG mmap()'able BPF maps as writable, ever.

  [0] https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/CAEf4BzYGWYhXdp6BJ7_=9OQPJxQpgug080MMjdSB72i9R+5c6g@mail.gmail.com/

Suggested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>
Fixes: fc9702273e2e ("bpf: Add mmap() support for BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY")
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>
---
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c                          | 17 ++++++++++++++---
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/mmap.c | 13 ++++++++++++-
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_mmap.c |  8 ++++++++
 3 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index 2843bbba9ca1..874bd247d527 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -623,9 +623,20 @@ static int bpf_map_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 
 	mutex_lock(&map->freeze_mutex);
 
-	if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) && map->frozen) {
-		err = -EPERM;
-		goto out;
+	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) {
+		if (map->frozen) {
+			err = -EPERM;
+			goto out;
+		}
+		/* map is meant to be read-only, so do not allow mapping as
+		 * writable, because it's possible to leak a writable page 
+		 * reference and allows user-space to still modify it after
+		 * freezing, while verifier will assume contents do not change
+		 */
+		if (map->map_flags & BPF_F_RDONLY_PROG) {
+			err = -EACCES;
+			goto out;
+		}
 	}
 
 	/* set default open/close callbacks */
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/mmap.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/mmap.c
index 6b9dce431d41..43d0b5578f46 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/mmap.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/mmap.c
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ void test_mmap(void)
 	const size_t map_sz = roundup_page(sizeof(struct map_data));
 	const int zero = 0, one = 1, two = 2, far = 1500;
 	const long page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
-	int err, duration = 0, i, data_map_fd, data_map_id, tmp_fd;
+	int err, duration = 0, i, data_map_fd, data_map_id, tmp_fd, rdmap_fd;
 	struct bpf_map *data_map, *bss_map;
 	void *bss_mmaped = NULL, *map_mmaped = NULL, *tmp1, *tmp2;
 	struct test_mmap__bss *bss_data;
@@ -37,6 +37,17 @@ void test_mmap(void)
 	data_map = skel->maps.data_map;
 	data_map_fd = bpf_map__fd(data_map);
 
+	rdmap_fd = bpf_map__fd(skel->maps.rdonly_map);
+	tmp1 = mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, rdmap_fd, 0);
+	if (CHECK(tmp1 != MAP_FAILED, "rdonly_write_mmap", "unexpected success\n")) {
+		munmap(tmp1, 4096);
+		goto cleanup;
+	}
+	/* now double-check if it's mmap()'able at all */
+	tmp1 = mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, rdmap_fd, 0);
+	if (CHECK(tmp1 == MAP_FAILED, "rdonly_read_mmap", "failed: %d\n", errno))
+		goto cleanup;
+
 	/* get map's ID */
 	memset(&map_info, 0, map_info_sz);
 	err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(data_map_fd, &map_info, &map_info_sz);
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_mmap.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_mmap.c
index 6239596cd14e..4eb42cff5fe9 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_mmap.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_mmap.c
@@ -7,6 +7,14 @@
 
 char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
 
+struct {
+	__uint(type, BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY);
+	__uint(max_entries, 4096);
+	__uint(map_flags, BPF_F_MMAPABLE | BPF_F_RDONLY_PROG);
+	__type(key, __u32);
+	__type(value, char);
+} rdonly_map SEC(".maps");
+
 struct {
 	__uint(type, BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY);
 	__uint(max_entries, 512 * 4); /* at least 4 pages of data */
-- 
2.24.1

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