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Date:   Fri, 22 May 2020 18:02:54 +0200
From:   Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>
To:     David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org>, netdev@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     davem@...emloft.net, kuba@...nel.org, brouer@...hat.com,
        daniel@...earbox.net, john.fastabend@...il.com, ast@...nel.org,
        kafai@...com, songliubraving@...com, yhs@...com, andriin@...com,
        dsahern@...il.com, David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC bpf-next 2/4] bpf: Add support to attach bpf program to a devmap

David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org> writes:

> Add BPF_XDP_DEVMAP attach type for use with programs associated with a
> DEVMAP.
>
> DEVMAPs can associate a program with a device entry by setting the
> value to <index,id> pair. The program associated with the id must have
> type XDP with expected attach type BPF_XDP_DEVMAP. When a program is
> associated with a device index, the program is run on an XDP_REDIRECT
> and before the buffer is added to the per-cpu queue. At this point
> rxq data is still valid; the next patch adds tx device information
> allowing the prorgam to see both ingress and egress device indices.
>
> XDP generic is skb based and XDP programs do not work with skb's. Block
> the use case by walking maps used by a program that is to be attached
> via xdpgeneric and fail if any of them are DEVMAP / DEVMAP_HASH with
> 8-bytes values.
>
> Signed-off-by: David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org>
> ---
>  include/linux/bpf.h            |  5 +++
>  include/uapi/linux/bpf.h       |  1 +
>  kernel/bpf/devmap.c            | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  net/core/dev.c                 | 18 ++++++++
>  tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h |  1 +
>  5 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> index efe8836b5c48..088751bc09aa 100644
> --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -1242,6 +1242,7 @@ int dev_map_enqueue(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  		    struct net_device *dev_rx);
>  int dev_map_generic_redirect(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct sk_buff *skb,
>  			     struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog);
> +bool dev_map_can_have_prog(struct bpf_map *map);
>  
>  struct bpf_cpu_map_entry *__cpu_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, u32 key);
>  void __cpu_map_flush(void);
> @@ -1355,6 +1356,10 @@ static inline struct net_device  *__dev_map_hash_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map
>  {
>  	return NULL;
>  }
> +static inline bool dev_map_can_have_prog(struct bpf_map *map)
> +{
> +	return false;
> +}
>  
>  static inline void __dev_flush(void)
>  {
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> index 97e1fd19ff58..8c2c0d0c9a0e 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ enum bpf_attach_type {
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET6_GETPEERNAME,
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET4_GETSOCKNAME,
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET6_GETSOCKNAME,
> +	BPF_XDP_DEVMAP,
>  	__MAX_BPF_ATTACH_TYPE
>  };
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/devmap.c b/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> index 2c01ce434306..06f4c746fa7c 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/devmap.c
> @@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ struct bpf_dtab_netdev {
>  	struct net_device *dev; /* must be first member, due to tracepoint */
>  	struct hlist_node index_hlist;
>  	struct bpf_dtab *dtab;
> +	struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog;
>  	struct rcu_head rcu;
>  	unsigned int idx;
>  	struct dev_map_ext_val val;
> @@ -228,6 +229,8 @@ static void dev_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
>  
>  			hlist_for_each_entry_safe(dev, next, head, index_hlist) {
>  				hlist_del_rcu(&dev->index_hlist);
> +				if (dev->xdp_prog)
> +					bpf_prog_put(dev->xdp_prog);
>  				dev_put(dev->dev);
>  				kfree(dev);
>  			}
> @@ -242,6 +245,8 @@ static void dev_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
>  			if (!dev)
>  				continue;
>  
> +			if (dev->xdp_prog)
> +				bpf_prog_put(dev->xdp_prog);
>  			dev_put(dev->dev);
>  			kfree(dev);
>  		}
> @@ -328,6 +333,16 @@ static int dev_map_hash_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
>  	return -ENOENT;
>  }
>  
> +bool dev_map_can_have_prog(struct bpf_map *map)
> +{
> +	if ((map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP ||
> +	     map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH) &&
> +	    map->value_size == 8)
> +		return true;
> +
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
>  static int bq_xmit_all(struct xdp_dev_bulk_queue *bq, u32 flags)
>  {
>  	struct net_device *dev = bq->dev;
> @@ -452,6 +467,39 @@ static inline int __xdp_enqueue(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  	return bq_enqueue(dev, xdpf, dev_rx);
>  }
>  
> +static struct xdp_buff *dev_map_run_prog(struct net_device *dev,
> +					 struct xdp_buff *xdp,
> +					 struct bpf_prog *xdp_prog)
> +{
> +	u32 act;
> +
> +	act = bpf_prog_run_xdp(xdp_prog, xdp);
> +	switch (act) {
> +	case XDP_DROP:
> +		fallthrough;
> +	case XDP_PASS:
> +		break;
> +	case XDP_TX:
> +		fallthrough;
> +	case XDP_REDIRECT:
> +		fallthrough;
> +	default:
> +		bpf_warn_invalid_xdp_action(act);
> +		fallthrough;
> +	case XDP_ABORTED:
> +		trace_xdp_exception(dev, xdp_prog, act);
> +		act = XDP_DROP;
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (act == XDP_DROP) {
> +		xdp_return_buff(xdp);
> +		xdp = NULL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return xdp;
> +}
> +
>  int dev_xdp_enqueue(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  		    struct net_device *dev_rx)
>  {
> @@ -463,6 +511,11 @@ int dev_map_enqueue(struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dst, struct xdp_buff *xdp,
>  {
>  	struct net_device *dev = dst->dev;
>  
> +	if (dst->xdp_prog) {
> +		xdp = dev_map_run_prog(dev, xdp, dst->xdp_prog);
> +		if (!xdp)
> +			return 0;
> +	}
>  	return __xdp_enqueue(dev, xdp, dev_rx);
>  }
>  
> @@ -499,6 +552,8 @@ static void __dev_map_entry_free(struct rcu_head *rcu)
>  	struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dev;
>  
>  	dev = container_of(rcu, struct bpf_dtab_netdev, rcu);
> +	if (dev->xdp_prog)
> +		bpf_prog_put(dev->xdp_prog);
>  	dev_put(dev->dev);
>  	kfree(dev);
>  }
> @@ -549,9 +604,10 @@ static int dev_map_hash_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
>  
>  static struct bpf_dtab_netdev *__dev_map_alloc_node(struct net *net,
>  						    struct bpf_dtab *dtab,
> -						    u32 ifindex,
> +						    u32 ifindex, u32 prog_id,
>  						    unsigned int idx)
>  {
> +	struct bpf_prog *prog = NULL;
>  	struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dev;
>  
>  	dev = kmalloc_node(sizeof(*dev), GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN,
> @@ -563,12 +619,23 @@ static struct bpf_dtab_netdev *__dev_map_alloc_node(struct net *net,
>  	if (!dev->dev)
>  		goto err_out;
>  
> +	if (prog_id) {
> +		prog = bpf_prog_by_id(prog_id);
> +		if (IS_ERR(prog) || prog->type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP ||
> +		    prog->expected_attach_type != BPF_XDP_DEVMAP)

If the second or third condition fails here you never bpf_prog_put() the
prog ref.

> +			goto err_dev;
> +	}
> +
>  	dev->idx = idx;
>  	dev->dtab = dtab;
>  
> +	dev->xdp_prog = prog;
>  	dev->val.ifindex = ifindex;
> +	dev->val.prog_id = prog_id;
>  
>  	return dev;
> +err_dev:
> +	dev_put(dev->dev);
>  err_out:
>  	kfree(dev);
>  	return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> @@ -580,7 +647,7 @@ static int __dev_map_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  	struct bpf_dtab *dtab = container_of(map, struct bpf_dtab, map);
>  	struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dev, *old_dev;
>  	u32 i = *(u32 *)key;
> -	u32 ifindex;
> +	u32 ifindex, id = 0;
>  
>  	if (map->value_size == 4) {
>  		ifindex = *(u32 *)value;
> @@ -588,6 +655,7 @@ static int __dev_map_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  		struct dev_map_ext_val *val = value;
>  
>  		ifindex = val->ifindex;
> +		id = val->prog_id;
>  	}
>  
>  	if (unlikely(map_flags > BPF_EXIST))
> @@ -599,8 +667,11 @@ static int __dev_map_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  
>  	if (!ifindex) {
>  		dev = NULL;
> +		/* can not specify id if ifindex is 0 */
> +		if (id)
> +			return -EINVAL;
>  	} else {
> -		dev = __dev_map_alloc_node(net, dtab, ifindex, i);
> +		dev = __dev_map_alloc_node(net, dtab, ifindex, id, i);
>  		if (IS_ERR(dev))
>  			return PTR_ERR(dev);
>  	}
> @@ -630,8 +701,8 @@ static int __dev_map_hash_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  	struct bpf_dtab_netdev *dev, *old_dev;
>  	u32 idx = *(u32 *)key;
>  	unsigned long flags;
> +	u32 ifindex, id = 0;
>  	int err = -EEXIST;
> -	u32 ifindex;
>  
>  	if (map->value_size == 4) {
>  		ifindex = *(u32 *)value;
> @@ -639,6 +710,7 @@ static int __dev_map_hash_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  		struct dev_map_ext_val *val = value;
>  
>  		ifindex = val->ifindex;
> +		id = val->prog_id;
>  	}
>  
>  	if (unlikely(map_flags > BPF_EXIST || !ifindex))
> @@ -650,7 +722,7 @@ static int __dev_map_hash_update_elem(struct net *net, struct bpf_map *map,
>  	if (old_dev && (map_flags & BPF_NOEXIST))
>  		goto out_err;
>  
> -	dev = __dev_map_alloc_node(net, dtab, ifindex, idx);
> +	dev = __dev_map_alloc_node(net, dtab, ifindex, id, idx);
>  	if (IS_ERR(dev)) {
>  		err = PTR_ERR(dev);
>  		goto out_err;
> diff --git a/net/core/dev.c b/net/core/dev.c
> index f36bd3b21997..2571a8976cd4 100644
> --- a/net/core/dev.c
> +++ b/net/core/dev.c
> @@ -5410,6 +5410,18 @@ static int generic_xdp_install(struct net_device *dev, struct netdev_bpf *xdp)
>  	struct bpf_prog *new = xdp->prog;
>  	int ret = 0;
>  
> +	if (new) {
> +		u32 i;
> +
> +		/* generic XDP does not work with DEVMAPs that can
> +		 * have a bpf_prog installed
> +		 */
> +		for (i = 0; i < new->aux->used_map_cnt; i++) {
> +			if (dev_map_can_have_prog(new->aux->used_maps[i]))
> +				return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  	switch (xdp->command) {
>  	case XDP_SETUP_PROG:
>  		rcu_assign_pointer(dev->xdp_prog, new);
> @@ -8825,6 +8837,12 @@ int dev_change_xdp_fd(struct net_device *dev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack,
>  			return -EINVAL;
>  		}
>  
> +		if (prog->expected_attach_type == BPF_XDP_DEVMAP) {
> +			NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "BPF_XDP_DEVMAP programs can not be attached to a device");
> +			bpf_prog_put(prog);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +
>  		/* prog->aux->id may be 0 for orphaned device-bound progs */
>  		if (prog->aux->id && prog->aux->id == prog_id) {
>  			bpf_prog_put(prog);
> diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> index 97e1fd19ff58..8c2c0d0c9a0e 100644
> --- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ enum bpf_attach_type {
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET6_GETPEERNAME,
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET4_GETSOCKNAME,
>  	BPF_CGROUP_INET6_GETSOCKNAME,
> +	BPF_XDP_DEVMAP,
>  	__MAX_BPF_ATTACH_TYPE
>  };
>  
> -- 
> 2.21.1 (Apple Git-122.3)

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