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Date:   Sat, 23 May 2020 14:05:37 +0800
From:   Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@...il.com>
To:     bpf@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>,
        Jiri Benc <jbenc@...hat.com>,
        Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@...hat.com>,
        Eelco Chaudron <echaudro@...hat.com>, ast@...nel.org,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Lorenzo Bianconi <lorenzo.bianconi@...hat.com>,
        Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCHv3 bpf-next 2/2] sample/bpf: add xdp_redirect_map_multicast test

This is a sample for xdp multicast. In the sample we have 3 forward
groups and 1 exclude group. It will redirect each interface's
packets to all the interfaces in the forward group, and exclude
the interface in exclude map.

For more testing details, please see the test description in
xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh.

v3: add rxcnt map to show the packet transmit speed.
v2: no update.

Signed-off-by: Hangbin Liu <liuhangbin@...il.com>
---
 samples/bpf/Makefile                      |   3 +
 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh     | 135 +++++++++++++++
 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.c | 113 +++++++++++++
 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.c | 197 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 448 insertions(+)
 create mode 100755 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh
 create mode 100644 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.c
 create mode 100644 samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.c

diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index 8403e4762306..000709bb89c3 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ tprogs-y += test_map_in_map
 tprogs-y += per_socket_stats_example
 tprogs-y += xdp_redirect
 tprogs-y += xdp_redirect_map
+tprogs-y += xdp_redirect_map_multi
 tprogs-y += xdp_redirect_cpu
 tprogs-y += xdp_monitor
 tprogs-y += xdp_rxq_info
@@ -97,6 +98,7 @@ test_map_in_map-objs := bpf_load.o test_map_in_map_user.o
 per_socket_stats_example-objs := cookie_uid_helper_example.o
 xdp_redirect-objs := xdp_redirect_user.o
 xdp_redirect_map-objs := xdp_redirect_map_user.o
+xdp_redirect_map_multi-objs := xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.o
 xdp_redirect_cpu-objs := bpf_load.o xdp_redirect_cpu_user.o
 xdp_monitor-objs := bpf_load.o xdp_monitor_user.o
 xdp_rxq_info-objs := xdp_rxq_info_user.o
@@ -156,6 +158,7 @@ always-y += tcp_tos_reflect_kern.o
 always-y += tcp_dumpstats_kern.o
 always-y += xdp_redirect_kern.o
 always-y += xdp_redirect_map_kern.o
+always-y += xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.o
 always-y += xdp_redirect_cpu_kern.o
 always-y += xdp_monitor_kern.o
 always-y += xdp_rxq_info_kern.o
diff --git a/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..bbf10ca06720
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,135 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Test topology:
+#     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
+#    | veth1         veth2         veth3         veth4 |  ... init net
+#     - -| - - - - - - | - - - - - - | - - - - - - | - -
+#    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
+#    | veth0 |     | veth0 |     | veth0 |     | veth0 |  ...
+#    ---------     ---------     ---------     ---------
+#       ns1           ns2           ns3           ns4
+#
+# Forward multicast groups:
+#     Forward group all has interfaces: veth1, veth2, veth3, veth4, ... (All traffic except IPv4, IPv6)
+#     Forward group v4 has interfaces: veth1, veth3, veth4, ... (For IPv4 traffic only)
+#     Forward group v6 has interfaces: veth2, veth3, veth4, ... (For IPv6 traffic only)
+# Exclude Groups:
+#     Exclude group: veth3 (assume ns3 is in black list)
+#
+# Test modules:
+# XDP modes: generic, native
+# map types: group v4 use DEVMAP, others use DEVMAP_HASH
+#
+# Test cases:
+#     ARP(we didn't exclude ns3 in kern.c for ARP):
+#        ns1 -> gw: ns2, ns3, ns4 should receive the arp request
+#     IPv4:
+#        ns1 -> ns2 (fail), ns1 -> ns3 (fail), ns1 -> ns4 (pass)
+#     IPv6
+#        ns2 -> ns1 (fail), ns2 -> ns3 (fail), ns2 -> ns4 (pass)
+#
+
+
+# netns numbers
+NUM=10
+IFACES=""
+DRV_MODE="generic drv"
+
+test_pass()
+{
+	echo "Pass: $@"
+}
+
+test_fail()
+{
+	echo "fail: $@"
+}
+
+clean_up()
+{
+	for i in $(seq $NUM); do
+		ip netns del ns$i
+	done
+}
+
+setup_ns()
+{
+	local mode=$1
+
+	for i in $(seq $NUM); do
+	        ip netns add ns$i
+	        ip link add veth0 type veth peer name veth$i
+	        ip link set veth0 netns ns$i
+		ip -n ns$i link set veth0 up
+		ip link set veth$i up
+
+		ip -n ns$i addr add 192.0.2.$i/24 dev veth0
+		ip -n ns$i addr add 2001:db8::$i/24 dev veth0
+		ip -n ns$i link set veth0 xdp$mode obj \
+			xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.o sec xdp_redirect_dummy &> /dev/null || \
+			{ test_fail "Unable to load dummy xdp" && exit 1; }
+		IFACES="$IFACES veth$i"
+	done
+}
+
+do_ping_tests()
+{
+	local drv_mode=$1
+
+	# arp test
+	ip netns exec ns2 tcpdump -i veth0 -nn -l -e &> arp_ns1-2_${drv_mode}.log &
+	ip netns exec ns3 tcpdump -i veth0 -nn -l -e &> arp_ns1-3_${drv_mode}.log &
+	ip netns exec ns4 tcpdump -i veth0 -nn -l -e &> arp_ns1-4_${drv_mode}.log &
+	ip netns exec ns1 ping 192.0.2.254 -c 4 &> /dev/null
+	sleep 2
+	pkill -9 tcpdump
+	grep -q "Request who-has 192.0.2.254 tell 192.0.2.1" arp_ns1-2_${drv_mode}.log && \
+		test_pass "$drv_mode arp ns1-2" || test_fail "$drv_mode arp ns1-2"
+	grep -q "Request who-has 192.0.2.254 tell 192.0.2.1" arp_ns1-3_${drv_mode}.log && \
+		test_pass "$drv_mode arp ns1-3" || test_fail "$drv_mode arp ns1-3"
+	grep -q "Request who-has 192.0.2.254 tell 192.0.2.1" arp_ns1-4_${drv_mode}.log && \
+		test_pass "$drv_mode arp ns1-4" || test_fail "$drv_mode arp ns1-4"
+
+	# ping test
+	ip netns exec ns1 ping 192.0.2.2 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_fail "$drv_mode ping ns1-2" || test_pass "$drv_mode ping ns1-2"
+	ip netns exec ns1 ping 192.0.2.3 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_fail "$drv_mode ping ns1-3" || test_pass "$drv_mode ping ns1-3"
+	ip netns exec ns1 ping 192.0.2.4 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_pass "$drv_mode ping ns1-4" || test_fail "$drv_mode ping ns1-4"
+
+	# ping6 test
+	ip netns exec ns2 ping6 2001:db8::1 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_fail "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-1" || test_pass "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-1"
+	ip netns exec ns2 ping6 2001:db8::3 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_fail "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-3" || test_pass "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-3"
+	ip netns exec ns2 ping6 2001:db8::4 -c 4 &> /dev/null && \
+		test_pass "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-4" || test_fail "$drv_mode ping6 ns2-4"
+}
+
+do_tests()
+{
+	local drv_mode=$1
+	local drv_p
+
+	[ ${drv_mode} == "drv" ] && drv_p="-N" || drv_p="-S"
+
+	# run `ulimit -l unlimited` if you got errors like
+	# libbpf: Error in bpf_object__probe_global_data():Operation not permitted(1).
+	./xdp_redirect_map_multi $drv_p $IFACES &> xdp_${drv_mode}.log &
+	xdp_pid=$!
+	sleep 10
+
+	do_ping_tests $drv_mode
+
+	kill $xdp_pid
+}
+
+for mode in ${DRV_MODE}; do
+	setup_ns $mode
+	do_tests $mode
+	sleep 10
+	clean_up
+	sleep 5
+done
diff --git a/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.c b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..81f71461a252
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#define KBUILD_MODNAME "foo"
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/in.h>
+#include <linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <linux/if_packet.h>
+#include <linux/ip.h>
+#include <linux/ipv6.h>
+#include <bpf/bpf_helpers.h>
+
+/* In this sample we will use 3 forward maps and 1 exclude map to
+ * show how to use the helper bpf_redirect_map_multi().
+ *
+ * In real world, there may have multi forward maps and exclude map. You can
+ * use map-in-map type to store the forward and exlude maps. e.g.
+ * forward_map_in_map[group_a_index] = forward_group_a_map
+ * forward_map_in_map[group_b_index] = forward_group_b_map
+ * exclude_map_in_map[iface_1_index] = iface_1_exclude_map
+ * exclude_map_in_map[iface_2_index] = iface_2_exclude_map
+ * Then store the forward group indexes based on IP/MAC policy in another
+ * hash map, e.g.:
+ * mcast_route_map[hash(subnet_a)] = group_a_index
+ * mcast_route_map[hash(subnet_b)] = group_b_index
+ *
+ * You can init the maps in user.c, and find the forward group index from
+ * mcast_route_map bye key hash(subnet) in kern.c, Then you could find
+ * the forward group by the group index. You can also get the exclude map
+ * simply by iface index in exclude_map_in_map.
+ */
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") forward_map_v4 = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP,
+	.key_size = sizeof(u32),
+	.value_size = sizeof(int),
+	.max_entries = 4096,
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") forward_map_v6 = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH,
+	.key_size = sizeof(u32),
+	.value_size = sizeof(int),
+	.max_entries = 128,
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") forward_map_all = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH,
+	.key_size = sizeof(u32),
+	.value_size = sizeof(int),
+	.max_entries = 128,
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") exclude_map = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_DEVMAP_HASH,
+	.key_size = sizeof(u32),
+	.value_size = sizeof(int),
+	.max_entries = 128,
+};
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") rxcnt = {
+	.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY,
+	.key_size = sizeof(u32),
+	.value_size = sizeof(long),
+	.max_entries = 1,
+};
+
+SEC("xdp_redirect_map_multi")
+int xdp_redirect_map_multi_prog(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+	void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+	void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+	struct ethhdr *eth = data;
+	long *value;
+	u16 h_proto;
+	u32 key = 0;
+	u64 nh_off;
+
+	nh_off = sizeof(*eth);
+	if (data + nh_off > data_end)
+		return XDP_DROP;
+
+	h_proto = eth->h_proto;
+
+	/* count packet in global counter */
+	value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&rxcnt, &key);
+	if (value)
+		*value += 1;
+
+	if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IP))
+		return bpf_redirect_map_multi(&forward_map_v4, &exclude_map,
+					      BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS);
+	else if (h_proto == htons(ETH_P_IPV6))
+		return bpf_redirect_map_multi(&forward_map_v6, &exclude_map,
+					      BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS);
+	else
+		return bpf_redirect_map_multi(&forward_map_all, NULL,
+					      BPF_F_EXCLUDE_INGRESS);
+}
+
+SEC("xdp_redirect_dummy")
+int xdp_redirect_dummy_prog(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+	return XDP_PASS;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
diff --git a/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.c b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7339ce4c7f9c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/xdp_redirect_map_multi_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,197 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/if_link.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <net/if.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <libgen.h>
+
+#include "bpf_util.h"
+#include <bpf/bpf.h>
+#include <bpf/libbpf.h>
+
+#define MAX_IFACE_NUM 32
+
+static int ifaces[MAX_IFACE_NUM] = {};
+static __u32 xdp_flags = XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST;
+static int rxcnt;
+
+static void int_exit(int sig)
+{
+	__u32 prog_id = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; ifaces[i] > 0; i++) {
+		if (bpf_get_link_xdp_id(ifaces[i], &prog_id, xdp_flags)) {
+			printf("bpf_get_link_xdp_id failed\n");
+			exit(1);
+		}
+		if (prog_id)
+			bpf_set_link_xdp_fd(ifaces[i], -1, xdp_flags);
+	}
+
+	exit(0);
+}
+
+static void poll_stats(int interval)
+{
+	unsigned int nr_cpus = bpf_num_possible_cpus();
+	__u64 values[nr_cpus], prev[nr_cpus];
+
+	memset(prev, 0, sizeof(prev));
+
+	while (1) {
+		__u64 sum = 0;
+		__u32 key = 0;
+		int i;
+
+		sleep(interval);
+		assert(bpf_map_lookup_elem(rxcnt, &key, values) == 0);
+		for (i = 0; i < nr_cpus; i++)
+			sum += (values[i] - prev[i]);
+		if (sum)
+			printf("Forwarding %10llu pkt/s\n", sum / interval);
+		memcpy(prev, values, sizeof(values));
+	}
+}
+
+static void usage(const char *prog)
+{
+	fprintf(stderr,
+		"usage: %s [OPTS] <IFNAME|IFINDEX> <IFNAME|IFINDEX> ...\n"
+		"OPTS:\n"
+		"    -S    use skb-mode\n"
+		"    -N    enforce native mode\n"
+		"    -F    force loading prog\n",
+		prog);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	int prog_fd, group_all, group_v4, group_v6, exclude;
+	struct bpf_prog_load_attr prog_load_attr = {
+		.prog_type      = BPF_PROG_TYPE_XDP,
+	};
+	int i, ret, opt, ifindex;
+	char ifname[IF_NAMESIZE];
+	struct bpf_object *obj;
+	char filename[256];
+
+	while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "SNF")) != -1) {
+		switch (opt) {
+		case 'S':
+			xdp_flags |= XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE;
+			break;
+		case 'N':
+			/* default, set below */
+			break;
+		case 'F':
+			xdp_flags &= ~XDP_FLAGS_UPDATE_IF_NOEXIST;
+			break;
+		default:
+			usage(basename(argv[0]));
+			return 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!(xdp_flags & XDP_FLAGS_SKB_MODE))
+		xdp_flags |= XDP_FLAGS_DRV_MODE;
+
+	if (optind == argc) {
+		printf("usage: %s <IFNAME|IFINDEX> <IFNAME|IFINDEX> ...\n", argv[0]);
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	printf("Get interfaces");
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_IFACE_NUM && argv[optind + i]; i++) {
+		ifaces[i] = if_nametoindex(argv[optind + i]);
+		if (!ifaces[i])
+			ifaces[i] = strtoul(argv[optind + i], NULL, 0);
+		if (!if_indextoname(ifaces[i], ifname)) {
+			perror("Invalid interface name or i");
+			return 1;
+		}
+		printf(" %d", ifaces[i]);
+	}
+	printf("\n");
+
+	snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
+	prog_load_attr.file = filename;
+
+	if (bpf_prog_load_xattr(&prog_load_attr, &obj, &prog_fd))
+		return 1;
+
+	group_all = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "forward_map_all");
+	group_v4 = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "forward_map_v4");
+	group_v6 = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "forward_map_v6");
+	exclude = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "exclude_map");
+	rxcnt = bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name(obj, "rxcnt");
+
+	if (group_all < 0 || group_v4 < 0 || group_v6 < 0 || exclude < 0 ||
+	    rxcnt < 0) {
+		printf("bpf_object__find_map_fd_by_name failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	signal(SIGINT, int_exit);
+	signal(SIGTERM, int_exit);
+
+	/* Init forward multicast groups and exclude group */
+	for (i = 0; ifaces[i] > 0; i++) {
+		ifindex = ifaces[i];
+
+		/* Add all the interfaces to group all */
+		ret = bpf_map_update_elem(group_all, &ifindex, &ifindex, 0);
+		if (ret) {
+			perror("bpf_map_update_elem");
+			goto err_out;
+		}
+
+		/* For testing: remove the 2nd interfaces from group v4 */
+		if (i != 1) {
+			ret = bpf_map_update_elem(group_v4, &ifindex, &ifindex, 0);
+			if (ret) {
+				perror("bpf_map_update_elem");
+				goto err_out;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* For testing: remove the 1st interfaces from group v6 */
+		if (i != 0) {
+			ret = bpf_map_update_elem(group_v6, &ifindex, &ifindex, 0);
+			if (ret) {
+				perror("bpf_map_update_elem");
+				goto err_out;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* For testing: add the 3rd interfaces to exclude map */
+		if (i == 2) {
+			ret = bpf_map_update_elem(exclude, &ifindex, &ifindex, 0);
+			if (ret) {
+				perror("bpf_map_update_elem");
+				goto err_out;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* bind prog_fd to each interface */
+		ret = bpf_set_link_xdp_fd(ifindex, prog_fd, xdp_flags);
+		if (ret) {
+			printf("Set xdp fd failed on %d\n", ifindex);
+			goto err_out;
+		}
+
+	}
+
+	poll_stats(2);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_out:
+	return 1;
+}
-- 
2.25.4

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