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Date:   Sat, 27 Jun 2020 10:59:22 +0200
From:   Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@...gle.com>
To:     "Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@...c4.com>
Cc:     Netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        syzkaller <syzkaller@...glegroups.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net 2/2] wireguard: device: avoid circular netns references

On Fri, Jun 26, 2020 at 10:59 PM Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@...c4.com> wrote:
>
> Hey Dmitry,
>
> The below patch is now in net.git and in Linus' tree. It adds a
> network namespace deletion notifier, which does some things that
> impact the logic of the interface and involves a little bit of object
> lifetime management. You'll see at the very bottom I added a test case
> to rule out the most pathological behavior. But naturally I'm
> wondering about the potential of subtle bugs beyond my gasp. It looks
> like syzkaller doesn't have any coverage of wg_netns_pre_exit -- it's
> all red. Do you suspect that's because the code is new enough that it
> just hasn't found it yet? Or should I start looking at teaching
> syzkaller a bit about interface netns changes?

+syzkaller mailing list

Hi Jason,

Hard to say. syzkaller frequently needs some time (days) to get
reasonable coverage of new code.
Is wg_netns_pre_exit executed synchronously in the context of a
syscall? If not, then it won't be shown as covered. If yes, then what
syscall is it?
This is related to namespaces, right? syzkaller has some descriptions
for namespaces:
https://github.com/google/syzkaller/blob/master/sys/linux/namespaces.txt
But I don't know if it's enough nor I checked if they actually work.
We have this laundry list:
https://github.com/google/syzkaller/issues/533
and some interns working on adding more descriptions. If you can
identify something that's not covered but can be covered, please add
to that list. I think we can even prioritize it then b/c most items on
that list don't have anybody actively interested.


> On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 4:00 AM Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@...c4.com> wrote:
> >
> > Before, we took a reference to the creating netns if the new netns was
> > different. This caused issues with circular references, with two
> > wireguard interfaces swapping namespaces. The solution is to rather not
> > take any extra references at all, but instead simply invalidate the
> > creating netns pointer when that netns is deleted.
> >
> > In order to prevent this from happening again, this commit improves the
> > rough object leak tracking by allowing it to account for created and
> > destroyed interfaces, aside from just peers and keys. That then makes it
> > possible to check for the object leak when having two interfaces take a
> > reference to each others' namespaces.
> >
> > Fixes: e7096c131e51 ("net: WireGuard secure network tunnel")
> > Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@...c4.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/net/wireguard/device.c             | 58 ++++++++++------------
> >  drivers/net/wireguard/device.h             |  3 +-
> >  drivers/net/wireguard/netlink.c            | 14 ++++--
> >  drivers/net/wireguard/socket.c             | 25 +++++++---
> >  tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh | 13 ++++-
> >  5 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/wireguard/device.c b/drivers/net/wireguard/device.c
> > index 3ac3f8570ca1..a8f151b1b5fa 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/wireguard/device.c
> > +++ b/drivers/net/wireguard/device.c
> > @@ -45,17 +45,18 @@ static int wg_open(struct net_device *dev)
> >         if (dev_v6)
> >                 dev_v6->cnf.addr_gen_mode = IN6_ADDR_GEN_MODE_NONE;
> >
> > +       mutex_lock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> >         ret = wg_socket_init(wg, wg->incoming_port);
> >         if (ret < 0)
> > -               return ret;
> > -       mutex_lock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > +               goto out;
> >         list_for_each_entry(peer, &wg->peer_list, peer_list) {
> >                 wg_packet_send_staged_packets(peer);
> >                 if (peer->persistent_keepalive_interval)
> >                         wg_packet_send_keepalive(peer);
> >         }
> > +out:
> >         mutex_unlock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > -       return 0;
> > +       return ret;
> >  }
> >
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
> > @@ -225,6 +226,7 @@ static void wg_destruct(struct net_device *dev)
> >         list_del(&wg->device_list);
> >         rtnl_unlock();
> >         mutex_lock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > +       rcu_assign_pointer(wg->creating_net, NULL);
> >         wg->incoming_port = 0;
> >         wg_socket_reinit(wg, NULL, NULL);
> >         /* The final references are cleared in the below calls to destroy_workqueue. */
> > @@ -240,13 +242,11 @@ static void wg_destruct(struct net_device *dev)
> >         skb_queue_purge(&wg->incoming_handshakes);
> >         free_percpu(dev->tstats);
> >         free_percpu(wg->incoming_handshakes_worker);
> > -       if (wg->have_creating_net_ref)
> > -               put_net(wg->creating_net);
> >         kvfree(wg->index_hashtable);
> >         kvfree(wg->peer_hashtable);
> >         mutex_unlock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> >
> > -       pr_debug("%s: Interface deleted\n", dev->name);
> > +       pr_debug("%s: Interface destroyed\n", dev->name);
> >         free_netdev(dev);
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -292,7 +292,7 @@ static int wg_newlink(struct net *src_net, struct net_device *dev,
> >         struct wg_device *wg = netdev_priv(dev);
> >         int ret = -ENOMEM;
> >
> > -       wg->creating_net = src_net;
> > +       rcu_assign_pointer(wg->creating_net, src_net);
> >         init_rwsem(&wg->static_identity.lock);
> >         mutex_init(&wg->socket_update_lock);
> >         mutex_init(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > @@ -393,30 +393,26 @@ static struct rtnl_link_ops link_ops __read_mostly = {
> >         .newlink                = wg_newlink,
> >  };
> >
> > -static int wg_netdevice_notification(struct notifier_block *nb,
> > -                                    unsigned long action, void *data)
> > +static void wg_netns_pre_exit(struct net *net)
> >  {
> > -       struct net_device *dev = ((struct netdev_notifier_info *)data)->dev;
> > -       struct wg_device *wg = netdev_priv(dev);
> > -
> > -       ASSERT_RTNL();
> > -
> > -       if (action != NETDEV_REGISTER || dev->netdev_ops != &netdev_ops)
> > -               return 0;
> > +       struct wg_device *wg;
> >
> > -       if (dev_net(dev) == wg->creating_net && wg->have_creating_net_ref) {
> > -               put_net(wg->creating_net);
> > -               wg->have_creating_net_ref = false;
> > -       } else if (dev_net(dev) != wg->creating_net &&
> > -                  !wg->have_creating_net_ref) {
> > -               wg->have_creating_net_ref = true;
> > -               get_net(wg->creating_net);
> > +       rtnl_lock();
> > +       list_for_each_entry(wg, &device_list, device_list) {
> > +               if (rcu_access_pointer(wg->creating_net) == net) {
> > +                       pr_debug("%s: Creating namespace exiting\n", wg->dev->name);
> > +                       netif_carrier_off(wg->dev);
> > +                       mutex_lock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > +                       rcu_assign_pointer(wg->creating_net, NULL);
> > +                       wg_socket_reinit(wg, NULL, NULL);
> > +                       mutex_unlock(&wg->device_update_lock);
> > +               }
> >         }
> > -       return 0;
> > +       rtnl_unlock();
> >  }
> >
> > -static struct notifier_block netdevice_notifier = {
> > -       .notifier_call = wg_netdevice_notification
> > +static struct pernet_operations pernet_ops = {
> > +       .pre_exit = wg_netns_pre_exit
> >  };
> >
> >  int __init wg_device_init(void)
> > @@ -429,18 +425,18 @@ int __init wg_device_init(void)
> >                 return ret;
> >  #endif
> >
> > -       ret = register_netdevice_notifier(&netdevice_notifier);
> > +       ret = register_pernet_device(&pernet_ops);
> >         if (ret)
> >                 goto error_pm;
> >
> >         ret = rtnl_link_register(&link_ops);
> >         if (ret)
> > -               goto error_netdevice;
> > +               goto error_pernet;
> >
> >         return 0;
> >
> > -error_netdevice:
> > -       unregister_netdevice_notifier(&netdevice_notifier);
> > +error_pernet:
> > +       unregister_pernet_device(&pernet_ops);
> >  error_pm:
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
> >         unregister_pm_notifier(&pm_notifier);
> > @@ -451,7 +447,7 @@ int __init wg_device_init(void)
> >  void wg_device_uninit(void)
> >  {
> >         rtnl_link_unregister(&link_ops);
> > -       unregister_netdevice_notifier(&netdevice_notifier);
> > +       unregister_pernet_device(&pernet_ops);
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
> >         unregister_pm_notifier(&pm_notifier);
> >  #endif
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/wireguard/device.h b/drivers/net/wireguard/device.h
> > index b15a8be9d816..4d0144e16947 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/wireguard/device.h
> > +++ b/drivers/net/wireguard/device.h
> > @@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ struct wg_device {
> >         struct net_device *dev;
> >         struct crypt_queue encrypt_queue, decrypt_queue;
> >         struct sock __rcu *sock4, *sock6;
> > -       struct net *creating_net;
> > +       struct net __rcu *creating_net;
> >         struct noise_static_identity static_identity;
> >         struct workqueue_struct *handshake_receive_wq, *handshake_send_wq;
> >         struct workqueue_struct *packet_crypt_wq;
> > @@ -56,7 +56,6 @@ struct wg_device {
> >         unsigned int num_peers, device_update_gen;
> >         u32 fwmark;
> >         u16 incoming_port;
> > -       bool have_creating_net_ref;
> >  };
> >
> >  int wg_device_init(void);
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/wireguard/netlink.c b/drivers/net/wireguard/netlink.c
> > index 802099c8828a..20a4f3c0a0a1 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/wireguard/netlink.c
> > +++ b/drivers/net/wireguard/netlink.c
> > @@ -511,11 +511,15 @@ static int wg_set_device(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
> >         if (flags & ~__WGDEVICE_F_ALL)
> >                 goto out;
> >
> > -       ret = -EPERM;
> > -       if ((info->attrs[WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT] ||
> > -            info->attrs[WGDEVICE_A_FWMARK]) &&
> > -           !ns_capable(wg->creating_net->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN))
> > -               goto out;
> > +       if (info->attrs[WGDEVICE_A_LISTEN_PORT] || info->attrs[WGDEVICE_A_FWMARK]) {
> > +               struct net *net;
> > +               rcu_read_lock();
> > +               net = rcu_dereference(wg->creating_net);
> > +               ret = !net || !ns_capable(net->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN) ? -EPERM : 0;
> > +               rcu_read_unlock();
> > +               if (ret)
> > +                       goto out;
> > +       }
> >
> >         ++wg->device_update_gen;
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/wireguard/socket.c b/drivers/net/wireguard/socket.c
> > index f9018027fc13..c33e2c81635f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/wireguard/socket.c
> > +++ b/drivers/net/wireguard/socket.c
> > @@ -347,6 +347,7 @@ static void set_sock_opts(struct socket *sock)
> >
> >  int wg_socket_init(struct wg_device *wg, u16 port)
> >  {
> > +       struct net *net;
> >         int ret;
> >         struct udp_tunnel_sock_cfg cfg = {
> >                 .sk_user_data = wg,
> > @@ -371,37 +372,47 @@ int wg_socket_init(struct wg_device *wg, u16 port)
> >         };
> >  #endif
> >
> > +       rcu_read_lock();
> > +       net = rcu_dereference(wg->creating_net);
> > +       net = net ? maybe_get_net(net) : NULL;
> > +       rcu_read_unlock();
> > +       if (unlikely(!net))
> > +               return -ENONET;
> > +
> >  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
> >  retry:
> >  #endif
> >
> > -       ret = udp_sock_create(wg->creating_net, &port4, &new4);
> > +       ret = udp_sock_create(net, &port4, &new4);
> >         if (ret < 0) {
> >                 pr_err("%s: Could not create IPv4 socket\n", wg->dev->name);
> > -               return ret;
> > +               goto out;
> >         }
> >         set_sock_opts(new4);
> > -       setup_udp_tunnel_sock(wg->creating_net, new4, &cfg);
> > +       setup_udp_tunnel_sock(net, new4, &cfg);
> >
> >  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6)
> >         if (ipv6_mod_enabled()) {
> >                 port6.local_udp_port = inet_sk(new4->sk)->inet_sport;
> > -               ret = udp_sock_create(wg->creating_net, &port6, &new6);
> > +               ret = udp_sock_create(net, &port6, &new6);
> >                 if (ret < 0) {
> >                         udp_tunnel_sock_release(new4);
> >                         if (ret == -EADDRINUSE && !port && retries++ < 100)
> >                                 goto retry;
> >                         pr_err("%s: Could not create IPv6 socket\n",
> >                                wg->dev->name);
> > -                       return ret;
> > +                       goto out;
> >                 }
> >                 set_sock_opts(new6);
> > -               setup_udp_tunnel_sock(wg->creating_net, new6, &cfg);
> > +               setup_udp_tunnel_sock(net, new6, &cfg);
> >         }
> >  #endif
> >
> >         wg_socket_reinit(wg, new4->sk, new6 ? new6->sk : NULL);
> > -       return 0;
> > +       ret = 0;
> > +out:
> > +       put_net(net);
> > +       return ret;
> >  }
> >
> >  void wg_socket_reinit(struct wg_device *wg, struct sock *new4,
> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh
> > index 17a1f53ceba0..d77f4829f1e0 100755
> > --- a/tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh
> > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/wireguard/netns.sh
> > @@ -587,9 +587,20 @@ ip0 link set wg0 up
> >  kill $ncat_pid
> >  ip0 link del wg0
> >
> > +# Ensure there aren't circular reference loops
> > +ip1 link add wg1 type wireguard
> > +ip2 link add wg2 type wireguard
> > +ip1 link set wg1 netns $netns2
> > +ip2 link set wg2 netns $netns1
> > +pp ip netns delete $netns1
> > +pp ip netns delete $netns2
> > +pp ip netns add $netns1
> > +pp ip netns add $netns2
> > +
> > +sleep 2 # Wait for cleanup and grace periods
> >  declare -A objects
> >  while read -t 0.1 -r line 2>/dev/null || [[ $? -ne 142 ]]; do
> > -       [[ $line =~ .*(wg[0-9]+:\ [A-Z][a-z]+\ [0-9]+)\ .*(created|destroyed).* ]] || continue
> > +       [[ $line =~ .*(wg[0-9]+:\ [A-Z][a-z]+\ ?[0-9]*)\ .*(created|destroyed).* ]] || continue
> >         objects["${BASH_REMATCH[1]}"]+="${BASH_REMATCH[2]}"
> >  done < /dev/kmsg
> >  alldeleted=1
> > --
> > 2.27.0

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