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Date:   Tue, 30 Jun 2020 12:41:34 -0400
From:   Willem de Bruijn <willemdebruijn.kernel@...il.com>
To:     Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
Cc:     Willem de Bruijn <willemdebruijn.kernel@...il.com>,
        Tom Herbert <tom@...bertland.com>,
        Network Development <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next] icmp: support rfc 4884

On Tue, Jun 30, 2020 at 12:16 PM Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> On 6/30/20 6:57 AM, Willem de Bruijn wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 10:19 PM Willem de Bruijn
> > <willemdebruijn.kernel@...il.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 8:37 PM Tom Herbert <tom@...bertland.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 4:07 PM Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> On 6/29/20 2:30 PM, Willem de Bruijn wrote:
> >>>>> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 5:15 PM Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> On 6/29/20 9:57 AM, Willem de Bruijn wrote:
> >>>>>>> From: Willem de Bruijn <willemb@...gle.com>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> ICMP messages may include an extension structure after the original
> >>>>>>> datagram. RFC 4884 standardized this behavior.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> It introduces an explicit original datagram length field in the ICMP
> >>>>>>> header to delineate the original datagram from the extension struct.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Return this field when reading an ICMP error from the error queue.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> RFC mentions a 'length' field of 8 bits, your patch chose to export the whole
> >>>>>> second word of icmp header.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Why is this field mapped to a prior one (icmp_hdr(skb)->un.gateway) ?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Should we add an element in the union to make this a little bit more explicit/readable ?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/icmp.h b/include/uapi/linux/icmp.h
> >>>>>> index 5589eeb791ca580bb182e1dc38c05eab1c75adb9..427ed5a6765316a4c1e2fa06f3b6618447c01564 100644
> >>>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/icmp.h
> >>>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/icmp.h
> >>>>>> @@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ struct icmphdr {
> >>>>>>                 __be16  sequence;
> >>>>>>         } echo;
> >>>>>>         __be32  gateway;
> >>>>>> +       __be32  second_word; /* RFC 4884 4.[123] : <unused:8>,<length:8>,<mtu:16> */
> >>>>>>         struct {
> >>>>>>                 __be16  __unused;
> >>>>>>                 __be16  mtu;
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Okay. How about a variant of the existing struct frag?
> >>>>>
> >>>>> @@ -80,6 +80,11 @@ struct icmphdr {
> >>>>>                 __be16  __unused;
> >>>>>                 __be16  mtu;
> >>>>>         } frag;
> >>>>> +       struct {
> >>>>> +               __u8    __unused;
> >>>>> +               __u8    length;
> >>>>> +               __be16  mtu;
> >>>>> +       } rfc_4884;
> >>>>>         __u8    reserved[4];
> >>>>>    } un;
> >>>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> Sure, but my point was later in the code :
> >>>>
> >>>>>>> +     if (inet_sk(sk)->recverr_rfc4884)
> >>>>>>> +             info = ntohl(icmp_hdr(skb)->un.gateway);
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> ntohl(icmp_hdr(skb)->un.second_word);
> >>>>
> >>>> If you leave there "info = ntohl(icmp_hdr(skb)->un.gateway)" it is a bit hard for someone
> >>>> reading linux kernel code to understand why we do this.
> >>>>
> >>> It's also potentially problematic. The other bits are Unused, which
> >>> isn't the same thing as necessarily being zero. Userspace might assume
> >>> that info is the length without checking its bounded.
> >>
> >> It shouldn't. The icmp type and code are passed in sock_extended_err
> >> as ee_type and ee_code. So it can demultiplex the meaning of the rest
> >> of the icmp header.
> >>
> >> It just needs access to the other 32-bits, which indeed are context
> >> sensitive. It makes more sense to me to let userspace demultiplex this
> >> in one place, rather than demultiplex in the kernel and define a new,
> >> likely no simpler, data structure to share with userspace.
> >>
> >> Specific to RFC 4884, the 8-bit length field coexists with the
> >> 16-bit mtu field in case of ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED, so we cannot just pass
> >> the first as ee_info in RFC 4884 mode. sock_extended_err additionally
> >> has ee_data, but after that we're out of fields, too, so this approach
> >> is not very future proof to additional ICMP extensions.
> >>
> >> On your previous point, it might be useful to define struct rfc_4884
> >> equivalent outside struct icmphdr, so that an application can easily
> >> cast to that. RFC 4884 itself does not define any extension objects.
> >> That is out of scope there, and in my opinion, here. Again, better
> >> left to userspace. Especially because as it describes, it standardized
> >> the behavior after observing non-compliant, but existing in the wild,
> >> proprietary extension variants. Users may have to change how they
> >> interpret the fields based on what they have deployed.
> >
> > As this just shares the raw icmp header data, I should probably
> > change the name to something less specific to RFC 4884.
> >
> > Since it would also help with decoding other extensions, such as
> > the one you mention in  draft-ietf-6man-icmp-limits-08.
> >
> > Unfortunately I cannot simply reserve IP_RECVERR with integer 2.
> > Perhaps IP_RECVERR_EXINFO.
> >
>
> Perhaps let the icmp header as is, but provides the extra information
> as an explicit ancillary message in ip_recv_error() ?
>
> Really this is all about documentation and providing stable API.

Understood. Of course happy to discuss alternatives, as it does set
things in stone.

>
> Possible alternative would be to add an union over ee_pad
>
> Legacy applications would always get 0 for ee_pad/ee_length, while
> applications enabling IP_RECVERR_RFC4884 would access the wire value.

And leave __u32 ee_data free for other uses.

I find it much more intuitive to just unconditionally pass the 32 bit
data that an application may need to be able to decode any ICMP
message (along with ee_type + ee_code), rather than start defining
ee_pad + ee_data fields in context dependent ways.

As for ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED now 24 of the 32 bits are defined, something
will inevitably find a use for the remaining 8 bits, and then we need
another kernel feature.

Also, if going down this path I will have to add the same for IPv6,
while it already exposes all this information userspace needs in
ee_info.

That said, if consensus is that the kernel should make more of an
effort to return this data in a structured form, and it is limited to
32 bits overall, the ee_pad/ee_len union for this case has my
preference. CMSG parsing adds a lot of boilerplate to each
application.

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