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Date:   Wed, 1 Jul 2020 15:38:59 +0000
From:   Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@...nel.org>
To:     Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.sakura.ne.jp>
Cc:     Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@...ibm.com>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@...ssion.com>, ast@...nel.org,
        axboe@...nel.dk, bfields@...ldses.org,
        bridge@...ts.linux-foundation.org, chainsaw@...too.org,
        christian.brauner@...ntu.com, chuck.lever@...cle.com,
        davem@...emloft.net, dhowells@...hat.com,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, jarkko.sakkinen@...ux.intel.com,
        jmorris@...ei.org, josh@...htriplett.org, keescook@...omium.org,
        keyrings@...r.kernel.org, kuba@...nel.org,
        lars.ellenberg@...bit.com, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-nfs@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org, nikolay@...ulusnetworks.com,
        philipp.reisner@...bit.com, ravenexp@...il.com,
        roopa@...ulusnetworks.com, serge@...lyn.com, slyfox@...too.org,
        viro@...iv.linux.org.uk, yangtiezhu@...ngson.cn,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, markward@...ux.ibm.com, mcgrof@...nel.org,
        linux-s390 <linux-s390@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: linux-next: umh: fix processed error when UMH_WAIT_PROC is used
 seems to break linux bridge on s390x (bisected)

On Wed, Jul 01, 2020 at 11:08:57PM +0900, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> On 2020/07/01 22:53, Luis Chamberlain wrote:
> >> Well, it is not br_stp_call_user() but br_stp_start() which is expecting
> >> to set sub_info->retval for both KWIFEXITED() case and KWIFSIGNALED() case.
> >> That is, sub_info->retval needs to carry raw value (i.e. without "umh: fix
> >> processed error when UMH_WAIT_PROC is used" will be the correct behavior).
> > 
> > br_stp_start() doesn't check for the raw value, it just checks for err
> > or !err. So the patch, "umh: fix processed error when UMH_WAIT_PROC is
> > used" propagates the correct error now.
> 
> No. If "/sbin/bridge-stp virbr0 start" terminated due to e.g. SIGSEGV
> (for example, by inserting "kill -SEGV $$" into right after "#!/bin/sh" line),
> br_stp_start() needs to select BR_KERNEL_STP path. We can't assume that
> /sbin/bridge-stp is always terminated by exit() syscall (and hence we can't
> ignore KWIFSIGNALED() case in call_usermodehelper_exec_sync()).

Ah, well that would be a different fix required, becuase again,
br_stp_start() does not untangle the correct error today really.
I also I think it would be odd odd that SIGSEGV or another signal 
is what was terminating Christian's bridge stp call, but let's
find out!

Note we pass 0 to the options to wait so the mistake here could indeed
be that we did not need KWIFSIGNALED(). I was afraid of this prospect...
as it other implications.

It means we either *open code* all callers, or we handle this in a
unified way on the umh. And if we do handle this in a unified way, it
then begs the question as to *what* do we pass for the signals case and
continued case. Below we just pass the signal, and treat continued as
OK, but treating continued as OK would also be a *new* change as well.

For instance (this goes just boot tested, but Christian if you can
try this as well that would be appreciated):

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/task.h b/include/linux/sched/task.h
index bba06befbff5..d1898f5dd1fc 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/task.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/task.h
@@ -105,10 +105,12 @@ extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *);
 
 /* Only add helpers for actual use cases in the kernel */
 #define KWEXITSTATUS(status)		(__KWEXITSTATUS(status))
+#define KWTERMSIG(status)		(__KWTERMSIG(status))
+#define KWSTOPSIG(status)		(__KWSTOPSIG(status))
 #define KWIFEXITED(status)		(__KWIFEXITED(status))
-
-/* Nonzero if STATUS indicates normal termination.  */
-#define __KWIFEXITED(status)     (__KWTERMSIG(status) == 0)
+#define KWIFSIGNALED(status)		(__KWIFSIGNALED(status))
+#define KWIFSTOPPED(status)		(__KWIFSTOPPED(status))
+#define KWIFCONTINUED(status)		(__KWIFCONTINUED(status))
 
 /* If KWIFEXITED(STATUS), the low-order 8 bits of the status.  */
 #define __KWEXITSTATUS(status)   (((status) & 0xff00) >> 8)
@@ -116,6 +118,24 @@ extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *);
 /* If KWIFSIGNALED(STATUS), the terminating signal.  */
 #define __KWTERMSIG(status)      ((status) & 0x7f)
 
+/* If KWIFSTOPPED(STATUS), the signal that stopped the child.  */
+#define __KWSTOPSIG(status)      __KWEXITSTATUS(status)
+
+/* Nonzero if STATUS indicates normal termination.  */
+#define __KWIFEXITED(status)     (__KWTERMSIG(status) == 0)
+
+/* Nonzero if STATUS indicates termination by a signal.  */
+#define __KWIFSIGNALED(status) \
+	(((signed char) (((status) & 0x7f) + 1) >> 1) > 0)
+
+/* Nonzero if STATUS indicates the child is stopped.  */
+#define __KWIFSTOPPED(status)    (((status) & 0xff) == 0x7f)
+
+/* Nonzero if STATUS indicates the child continued after a stop. */
+#define __KWIFCONTINUED(status) ((status) == __KW_CONTINUED)
+
+#define __KW_CONTINUED		0xffff
+
 extern void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk);
 
 /* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */
diff --git a/kernel/umh.c b/kernel/umh.c
index f81e8698e36e..c98fb1ed90c9 100644
--- a/kernel/umh.c
+++ b/kernel/umh.c
@@ -156,6 +156,18 @@ static void call_usermodehelper_exec_sync(struct subprocess_info *sub_info)
 		 */
 		if (KWIFEXITED(ret))
 			sub_info->retval = KWEXITSTATUS(ret);
+		/*
+		 * Do we really want to be passing the signal, or do we pass
+		 * a single error code for all cases?
+		 */
+		else if (KWIFSIGNALED(ret))
+			sub_info->retval = KWTERMSIG(ret);
+		/* Same here */
+		else if (KWIFSTOPPED((ret)))
+			sub_info->retval = KWSTOPSIG(ret);
+		/* And are we really sure we want this? */
+		else if (KWIFCONTINUED((ret)))
+			sub_info->retval = 0;
 	}
 
 	/* Restore default kernel sig handler */

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