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Date:   Mon, 13 Jul 2020 09:17:49 -0700
From:   Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
To:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>, <kernel-team@...com>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next 09/13] tools/bpftool: add bpftool support for bpf map element iterator

The optional parameter "map MAP" can be added to "bpftool iter"
command to create a bpf iterator for map elements. For example,
  bpftool iter pin ./prog.o /sys/fs/bpf/p1 map id 333

For map element bpf iterator "map MAP" parameter is required.
Otherwise, bpf link creation will return an error.

Signed-off-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>
---
 .../bpftool/Documentation/bpftool-iter.rst    | 16 ++++++++--
 tools/bpf/bpftool/iter.c                      | 32 ++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/bpf/bpftool/Documentation/bpftool-iter.rst b/tools/bpf/bpftool/Documentation/bpftool-iter.rst
index 8dce698eab79..53ee4fb188b4 100644
--- a/tools/bpf/bpftool/Documentation/bpftool-iter.rst
+++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/Documentation/bpftool-iter.rst
@@ -17,14 +17,15 @@ SYNOPSIS
 ITER COMMANDS
 ===================
 
-|	**bpftool** **iter pin** *OBJ* *PATH*
+|	**bpftool** **iter pin** *OBJ* *PATH* [**map** *MAP*]
 |	**bpftool** **iter help**
 |
 |	*OBJ* := /a/file/of/bpf_iter_target.o
+|       *MAP* := { **id** *MAP_ID* | **pinned** *FILE* }
 
 DESCRIPTION
 ===========
-	**bpftool iter pin** *OBJ* *PATH*
+	**bpftool iter pin** *OBJ* *PATH* [**map** *MAP*]
 		  A bpf iterator combines a kernel iterating of
 		  particular kernel data (e.g., tasks, bpf_maps, etc.)
 		  and a bpf program called for each kernel data object
@@ -37,6 +38,10 @@ DESCRIPTION
 		  character ('.'), which is reserved for future extensions
 		  of *bpffs*.
 
+                  Map element bpf iterator requires an additional parameter
+                  *MAP* so bpf program can iterate over map elements for
+                  that map.
+
 		  User can then *cat PATH* to see the bpf iterator output.
 
 	**bpftool iter help**
@@ -64,6 +69,13 @@ EXAMPLES
    Create a file-based bpf iterator from bpf_iter_netlink.o and pin it
    to /sys/fs/bpf/my_netlink
 
+**# bpftool iter pin bpf_iter_hashmap.o /sys/fs/bpf/my_hashmap map id 20**
+
+::
+
+   Create a file-based bpf iterator from bpf_iter_hashmap.o and map with
+   id 20, and pin it to /sys/fs/bpf/my_hashmap
+
 SEE ALSO
 ========
 	**bpf**\ (2),
diff --git a/tools/bpf/bpftool/iter.c b/tools/bpf/bpftool/iter.c
index 33240fcc6319..cc1d9bdf6e9d 100644
--- a/tools/bpf/bpftool/iter.c
+++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/iter.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
 // Copyright (C) 2020 Facebook
 
 #define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <unistd.h>
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <bpf/libbpf.h>
 
@@ -9,11 +10,12 @@
 
 static int do_pin(int argc, char **argv)
 {
+	DECLARE_LIBBPF_OPTS(bpf_iter_attach_opts, iter_opts);
 	const char *objfile, *path;
 	struct bpf_program *prog;
 	struct bpf_object *obj;
 	struct bpf_link *link;
-	int err;
+	int err = -1, map_fd = -1;
 
 	if (!REQ_ARGS(2))
 		usage();
@@ -21,10 +23,26 @@ static int do_pin(int argc, char **argv)
 	objfile = GET_ARG();
 	path = GET_ARG();
 
+	/* optional arguments */
+	if (argc) {
+		if (is_prefix(*argv, "map")) {
+			NEXT_ARG();
+
+			if (!REQ_ARGS(2)) {
+				p_err("incorrect map spec");
+				return -1;
+			}
+
+			map_fd = map_parse_fd(&argc, &argv);
+			if (map_fd < 0)
+				return -1;
+		}
+	}
+
 	obj = bpf_object__open(objfile);
 	if (IS_ERR(obj)) {
 		p_err("can't open objfile %s", objfile);
-		return -1;
+		goto close_map_fd;
 	}
 
 	err = bpf_object__load(obj);
@@ -39,7 +57,10 @@ static int do_pin(int argc, char **argv)
 		goto close_obj;
 	}
 
-	link = bpf_program__attach_iter(prog, NULL);
+	if (map_fd >= 0)
+		iter_opts.map_fd = map_fd;
+
+	link = bpf_program__attach_iter(prog, &iter_opts);
 	if (IS_ERR(link)) {
 		err = PTR_ERR(link);
 		p_err("attach_iter failed for program %s",
@@ -62,13 +83,16 @@ static int do_pin(int argc, char **argv)
 	bpf_link__destroy(link);
 close_obj:
 	bpf_object__close(obj);
+close_map_fd:
+	if (map_fd >= 0)
+		close(map_fd);
 	return err;
 }
 
 static int do_help(int argc, char **argv)
 {
 	fprintf(stderr,
-		"Usage: %1$s %2$s pin OBJ PATH\n"
+		"Usage: %1$s %2$s pin OBJ PATH [map MAP]\n"
 		"       %1$s %2$s help\n"
 		"",
 		bin_name, "iter");
-- 
2.24.1

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