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Date:   Wed, 15 Jul 2020 19:56:06 +0200
From:   Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@...il.com>
To:     Luke Nelson <lukenels@...washington.edu>
Cc:     bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, Luke Nelson <luke.r.nels@...il.com>,
        Xi Wang <xi.wang@...il.com>,
        Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>,
        Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>,
        Albert Ou <aou@...s.berkeley.edu>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...omium.org>,
        Netdev <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-riscv <linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH bpf-next 0/3] bpf, riscv: Add compressed instructions
 to rv64 JIT

On Mon, 13 Jul 2020 at 20:37, Luke Nelson <lukenels@...washington.edu> wrote:
>
> This patch series enables using compressed riscv (RVC) instructions
> in the rv64 BPF JIT.
>

First of all; Really nice work. I like this, and it makes the code
easier to read as well (e.g. emit_mv). I'm a bit curious why you only
did it for RV64, and not RV32? I have some minor comments on the
patches. I strongly encourage you to submit this as a proper (non-RFC)
set for bpf-next.


Cheers,
Björn

> RVC is a standard riscv extension that adds a set of compressed,
> 2-byte instructions that can replace some regular 4-byte instructions
> for improved code density.
>
> This series first modifies the JIT to support using 2-byte instructions
> (e.g., in jump offset computations), then adds RVC encoding and
> helper functions, and finally uses the helper functions to optimize
> the rv64 JIT.
>
> I used our formal verification framework, Serval, to verify the
> correctness of the RVC encodings and their uses in the rv64 JIT.
>
> The JIT continues to pass all tests in lib/test_bpf.c, and introduces
> no new failures to test_verifier; both with and without RVC being enabled.
>
> The following are examples of the JITed code for the verifier selftest
> "direct packet read test#3 for CGROUP_SKB OK", without and with RVC
> enabled, respectively. The former uses 178 bytes, and the latter uses 112,
> for a ~37% reduction in code size for this example.
>
> Without RVC:
>
>    0: 02000813    addi  a6,zero,32
>    4: fd010113    addi  sp,sp,-48
>    8: 02813423    sd    s0,40(sp)
>    c: 02913023    sd    s1,32(sp)
>   10: 01213c23    sd    s2,24(sp)
>   14: 01313823    sd    s3,16(sp)
>   18: 01413423    sd    s4,8(sp)
>   1c: 03010413    addi  s0,sp,48
>   20: 03056683    lwu   a3,48(a0)
>   24: 02069693    slli  a3,a3,0x20
>   28: 0206d693    srli  a3,a3,0x20
>   2c: 03456703    lwu   a4,52(a0)
>   30: 02071713    slli  a4,a4,0x20
>   34: 02075713    srli  a4,a4,0x20
>   38: 03856483    lwu   s1,56(a0)
>   3c: 02049493    slli  s1,s1,0x20
>   40: 0204d493    srli  s1,s1,0x20
>   44: 03c56903    lwu   s2,60(a0)
>   48: 02091913    slli  s2,s2,0x20
>   4c: 02095913    srli  s2,s2,0x20
>   50: 04056983    lwu   s3,64(a0)
>   54: 02099993    slli  s3,s3,0x20
>   58: 0209d993    srli  s3,s3,0x20
>   5c: 09056a03    lwu   s4,144(a0)
>   60: 020a1a13    slli  s4,s4,0x20
>   64: 020a5a13    srli  s4,s4,0x20
>   68: 00900313    addi  t1,zero,9
>   6c: 006a7463    bgeu  s4,t1,0x74
>   70: 00000a13    addi  s4,zero,0
>   74: 02d52823    sw    a3,48(a0)
>   78: 02e52a23    sw    a4,52(a0)
>   7c: 02952c23    sw    s1,56(a0)
>   80: 03252e23    sw    s2,60(a0)
>   84: 05352023    sw    s3,64(a0)
>   88: 00000793    addi  a5,zero,0
>   8c: 02813403    ld    s0,40(sp)
>   90: 02013483    ld    s1,32(sp)
>   94: 01813903    ld    s2,24(sp)
>   98: 01013983    ld    s3,16(sp)
>   9c: 00813a03    ld    s4,8(sp)
>   a0: 03010113    addi  sp,sp,48
>   a4: 00078513    addi  a0,a5,0
>   a8: 00008067    jalr  zero,0(ra)
>
> With RVC:
>
>    0:   02000813    addi    a6,zero,32
>    4:   7179        c.addi16sp  sp,-48
>    6:   f422        c.sdsp  s0,40(sp)
>    8:   f026        c.sdsp  s1,32(sp)
>    a:   ec4a        c.sdsp  s2,24(sp)
>    c:   e84e        c.sdsp  s3,16(sp)
>    e:   e452        c.sdsp  s4,8(sp)
>   10:   1800        c.addi4spn  s0,sp,48
>   12:   03056683    lwu     a3,48(a0)
>   16:   1682        c.slli  a3,0x20
>   18:   9281        c.srli  a3,0x20
>   1a:   03456703    lwu     a4,52(a0)
>   1e:   1702        c.slli  a4,0x20
>   20:   9301        c.srli  a4,0x20
>   22:   03856483    lwu     s1,56(a0)
>   26:   1482        c.slli  s1,0x20
>   28:   9081        c.srli  s1,0x20
>   2a:   03c56903    lwu     s2,60(a0)
>   2e:   1902        c.slli  s2,0x20
>   30:   02095913    srli    s2,s2,0x20
>   34:   04056983    lwu     s3,64(a0)
>   38:   1982        c.slli  s3,0x20
>   3a:   0209d993    srli    s3,s3,0x20
>   3e:   09056a03    lwu     s4,144(a0)
>   42:   1a02        c.slli  s4,0x20
>   44:   020a5a13    srli    s4,s4,0x20
>   48:   4325        c.li    t1,9
>   4a:   006a7363    bgeu    s4,t1,0x50
>   4e:   4a01        c.li    s4,0
>   50:   d914        c.sw    a3,48(a0)
>   52:   d958        c.sw    a4,52(a0)
>   54:   dd04        c.sw    s1,56(a0)
>   56:   03252e23    sw      s2,60(a0)
>   5a:   05352023    sw      s3,64(a0)
>   5e:   4781        c.li    a5,0
>   60:   7422        c.ldsp  s0,40(sp)
>   62:   7482        c.ldsp  s1,32(sp)
>   64:   6962        c.ldsp  s2,24(sp)
>   66:   69c2        c.ldsp  s3,16(sp)
>   68:   6a22        c.ldsp  s4,8(sp)
>   6a:   6145        c.addi16sp  sp,48
>   6c:   853e        c.mv    a0,a5
>   6e:   8082        c.jr    ra
>
> Luke Nelson (3):
>   bpf, riscv: Modify JIT ctx to support compressed instructions
>   bpf, riscv: Add encodings for compressed instructions
>   bpf, riscv: Use compressed instructions in the rv64 JIT
>
>  arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit.h        | 495 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit_comp32.c |  14 +-
>  arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit_comp64.c | 287 +++++++++---------
>  arch/riscv/net/bpf_jit_core.c   |   6 +-
>  4 files changed, 650 insertions(+), 152 deletions(-)
>
> --
> 2.25.1
>

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