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Date:   Sat, 25 Jul 2020 19:57:23 +0200
From:   Felix Fietkau <nbd@....name>
To:     Hillf Danton <hdanton@...a.com>,
        David Laight <David.Laight@...LAB.COM>,
        Andrew Lunn <andrew@...n.ch>,
        Rakesh Pillai <pillair@...eaurora.org>
Cc:     "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org" <linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "ath10k@...ts.infradead.org" <ath10k@...ts.infradead.org>,
        "dianders@...omium.org" <dianders@...omium.org>,
        Markus Elfring <Markus.Elfring@....de>,
        "evgreen@...omium.org" <evgreen@...omium.org>,
        "kuba@...nel.org" <kuba@...nel.org>,
        "johannes@...solutions.net" <johannes@...solutions.net>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "kvalo@...eaurora.org" <kvalo@...eaurora.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC 0/7] Add support to process rx packets in thread

On 2020-07-25 10:16, Hillf Danton wrote:
> Hi folks
> 
> Below is a minimunm poc implementation I can imagine on top of workqueue
> to make napi threaded. Thoughts are appreciated.
Hi Hillf,

For some reason I don't see your mails on linux-wireless/netdev.
I've cleaned up your implementation a bit and I ran some tests with mt76
on an mt7621 embedded board. The results look pretty nice, performance
is a lot more consistent in my tests now.

Here are the changes that I've made compared to your version:

- remove the #ifdef, I think it's unnecessary
- add a state bit for threaded NAPI
- make netif_threaded_napi_add inline
- run queue_work outside of local_irq_save/restore (it does that
internally already)

If you don't mind, I'd like to propose this to netdev soon. Can I have
your Signed-off-by for that?

Thanks,

- Felix

---
--- a/include/linux/netdevice.h
+++ b/include/linux/netdevice.h
@@ -347,6 +347,7 @@ struct napi_struct {
 	struct list_head	dev_list;
 	struct hlist_node	napi_hash_node;
 	unsigned int		napi_id;
+	struct work_struct	work;
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -357,6 +358,7 @@ enum {
 	NAPI_STATE_HASHED,	/* In NAPI hash (busy polling possible) */
 	NAPI_STATE_NO_BUSY_POLL,/* Do not add in napi_hash, no busy polling */
 	NAPI_STATE_IN_BUSY_POLL,/* sk_busy_loop() owns this NAPI */
+	NAPI_STATE_THREADED,	/* Use threaded NAPI */
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -367,6 +369,7 @@ enum {
 	NAPIF_STATE_HASHED	 = BIT(NAPI_STATE_HASHED),
 	NAPIF_STATE_NO_BUSY_POLL = BIT(NAPI_STATE_NO_BUSY_POLL),
 	NAPIF_STATE_IN_BUSY_POLL = BIT(NAPI_STATE_IN_BUSY_POLL),
+	NAPIF_STATE_THREADED	 = BIT(NAPI_STATE_THREADED),
 };
 
 enum gro_result {
@@ -2315,6 +2318,26 @@ static inline void *netdev_priv(const struct net_device *dev)
 void netif_napi_add(struct net_device *dev, struct napi_struct *napi,
 		    int (*poll)(struct napi_struct *, int), int weight);
 
+/**
+ *	netif_threaded_napi_add - initialize a NAPI context
+ *	@dev:  network device
+ *	@napi: NAPI context
+ *	@poll: polling function
+ *	@weight: default weight
+ *
+ * This variant of netif_napi_add() should be used from drivers using NAPI
+ * with CPU intensive poll functions.
+ * This will schedule polling from a high priority workqueue that
+ */
+static inline void netif_threaded_napi_add(struct net_device *dev,
+					   struct napi_struct *napi,
+					   int (*poll)(struct napi_struct *, int),
+					   int weight)
+{
+	set_bit(NAPI_STATE_THREADED, &napi->state);
+	netif_napi_add(dev, napi, poll, weight);
+}
+
 /**
  *	netif_tx_napi_add - initialize a NAPI context
  *	@dev:  network device
--- a/net/core/dev.c
+++ b/net/core/dev.c
@@ -158,6 +158,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(offload_lock);
 struct list_head ptype_base[PTYPE_HASH_SIZE] __read_mostly;
 struct list_head ptype_all __read_mostly;	/* Taps */
 static struct list_head offload_base __read_mostly;
+static struct workqueue_struct *napi_workq;
 
 static int netif_rx_internal(struct sk_buff *skb);
 static int call_netdevice_notifiers_info(unsigned long val,
@@ -6286,6 +6287,11 @@ void __napi_schedule(struct napi_struct *n)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
+	if (test_bit(NAPI_STATE_THREADED, &n->state)) {
+		queue_work(napi_workq, &n->work);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	local_irq_save(flags);
 	____napi_schedule(this_cpu_ptr(&softnet_data), n);
 	local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -6333,6 +6339,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(napi_schedule_prep);
  */
 void __napi_schedule_irqoff(struct napi_struct *n)
 {
+	if (test_bit(NAPI_STATE_THREADED, &n->state)) {
+		queue_work(napi_workq, &n->work);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	____napi_schedule(this_cpu_ptr(&softnet_data), n);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__napi_schedule_irqoff);
@@ -6601,6 +6612,29 @@ static void init_gro_hash(struct napi_struct *napi)
 	napi->gro_bitmask = 0;
 }
 
+static void napi_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct napi_struct *n = container_of(work, struct napi_struct, work);
+
+	for (;;) {
+		if (!test_bit(NAPI_STATE_SCHED, &n->state))
+			return;
+
+		if (n->poll(n, n->weight) < n->weight)
+			return;
+
+		if (need_resched()) {
+			/*
+			 * have to pay for the latency of task switch even if
+			 * napi is scheduled
+			 */
+			if (test_bit(NAPI_STATE_SCHED, &n->state))
+				queue_work(napi_workq, work);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
 void netif_napi_add(struct net_device *dev, struct napi_struct *napi,
 		    int (*poll)(struct napi_struct *, int), int weight)
 {
@@ -6621,6 +6655,7 @@ void netif_napi_add(struct net_device *dev, struct napi_struct *napi,
 #ifdef CONFIG_NETPOLL
 	napi->poll_owner = -1;
 #endif
+	INIT_WORK(&napi->work, napi_workfn);
 	set_bit(NAPI_STATE_SCHED, &napi->state);
 	napi_hash_add(napi);
 }
@@ -10676,6 +10711,10 @@ static int __init net_dev_init(void)
 		sd->backlog.weight = weight_p;
 	}
 
+	napi_workq = alloc_workqueue("napi_workq", WQ_UNBOUND | WQ_HIGHPRI,
+				     WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE);
+	BUG_ON(!napi_workq);
+
 	dev_boot_phase = 0;
 
 	/* The loopback device is special if any other network devices

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