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Date:   Thu, 30 Jul 2020 22:36:55 -0400
From:   Neal Cardwell <>
To:     Jianfeng Wang <>
Cc:     David Miller <>,
        Netdev <>,
        Eric Dumazet <>,
        Kevin Yang <>, Yuchung Cheng <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next] tcp: apply a floor of 1 for RTT samples from TCP timestamps

On Thu, Jul 30, 2020 at 7:53 PM Jianfeng Wang <> wrote:
> For retransmitted packets, TCP needs to resort to using TCP timestamps
> for computing RTT samples. In the common case where the data and ACK
> fall in the same 1-millisecond interval, TCP senders with millisecond-
> granularity TCP timestamps compute a ca_rtt_us of 0. This ca_rtt_us
> of 0 propagates to rs->rtt_us.
> This value of 0 can cause performance problems for congestion control
> modules. For example, in BBR, the zero min_rtt sample can bring the
> min_rtt and BDP estimate down to 0, reduce snd_cwnd and result in a
> low throughput. It would be hard to mitigate this with filtering in
> the congestion control module, because the proper floor to apply would
> depend on the method of RTT sampling (using timestamp options or
> internally-saved transmission timestamps).
> This fix applies a floor of 1 for the RTT sample delta from TCP
> timestamps, so that seq_rtt_us, ca_rtt_us, and rs->rtt_us will be at
> least 1 * (USEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ).
> Note that the receiver RTT computation in tcp_rcv_rtt_measure() and
> min_rtt computation in tcp_update_rtt_min() both already apply a floor
> of 1 timestamp tick, so this commit makes the code more consistent in
> avoiding this edge case of a value of 0.
> Signed-off-by: Jianfeng Wang <>
> Signed-off-by: Neal Cardwell <>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <>
> Acked-by: Kevin Yang <>
> Acked-by: Yuchung Cheng <>
> ---

One extra note on this patch: IMHO this is a bug fix that is worth
backporting to stable releases. Normally we would submit a patch like
this to the net branch, but we submitted this to the net-next branch
since Eric advised that this was the best approach, given how late it
is in the v5.8 development cycle.

Apologies that a note to this effect is not in the commit message itself.


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