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Date:   Mon, 3 Aug 2020 06:01:03 +0000
From:   Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
To:     Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
CC:     "naveen.n.rao@...ux.ibm.com" <naveen.n.rao@...ux.ibm.com>,
        "anil.s.keshavamurthy@...el.com" <anil.s.keshavamurthy@...el.com>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "mhiramat@...nel.org" <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        "ast@...nel.org" <ast@...nel.org>,
        "daniel@...earbox.net" <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin Lau <kafai@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        "john.fastabend@...il.com" <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        "kpsingh@...omium.org" <kpsingh@...omium.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "bpf@...r.kernel.org" <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@...edance.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] kprobes: fix NULL pointer dereference at
 kprobe_ftrace_handler



> On Jul 27, 2020, at 11:45 PM, Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com> wrote:
> 
> We found a case of kernel panic on our server. The stack trace is as
> follows(omit some irrelevant information):
> 
>  BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000080
>  RIP: 0010:kprobe_ftrace_handler+0x5e/0xe0
>  RSP: 0018:ffffb512c6550998 EFLAGS: 00010282
>  RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8e9d16eea018 RCX: 0000000000000000
>  RDX: ffffffffbe1179c0 RSI: ffffffffc0535564 RDI: ffffffffc0534ec0
>  RBP: ffffffffc0534ec1 R08: ffff8e9d1bbb0f00 R09: 0000000000000004
>  R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
>  R13: ffff8e9d1f797060 R14: 000000000000bacc R15: ffff8e9ce13eca00
>  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
>  CR2: 0000000000000080 CR3: 00000008453d0005 CR4: 00000000003606e0
>  DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
>  DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
>  Call Trace:
>   <IRQ>
>   ftrace_ops_assist_func+0x56/0xe0
>   ftrace_call+0x5/0x34
>   tcpa_statistic_send+0x5/0x130 [ttcp_engine]
> 
> The tcpa_statistic_send is the function being kprobed. After analysis,
> the root cause is that the fourth parameter regs of kprobe_ftrace_handler
> is NULL. Why regs is NULL? We use the crash tool to analyze the kdump.
> 
>  crash> dis tcpa_statistic_send -r
>         <tcpa_statistic_send>: callq 0xffffffffbd8018c0 <ftrace_caller>
> 
> The tcpa_statistic_send calls ftrace_caller instead of ftrace_regs_caller.
> So it is reasonable that the fourth parameter regs of kprobe_ftrace_handler
> is NULL. In theory, we should call the ftrace_regs_caller instead of the
> ftrace_caller. After in-depth analysis, we found a reproducible path.
> 
>  Writing a simple kernel module which starts a periodic timer. The
>  timer's handler is named 'kprobe_test_timer_handler'. The module
>  name is kprobe_test.ko.
> 
>  1) insmod kprobe_test.ko
>  2) bpftrace -e 'kretprobe:kprobe_test_timer_handler {}'
>  3) echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/ftrace_enabled
>  4) rmmod kprobe_test
>  5) stop step 2) kprobe
>  6) insmod kprobe_test.ko
>  7) bpftrace -e 'kretprobe:kprobe_test_timer_handler {}'
> 
> We mark the kprobe as GONE but not disarm the kprobe in the step 4).
> The step 5) also do not disarm the kprobe when unregister kprobe. So
> we do not remove the ip from the filter. In this case, when the module
> loads again in the step 6), we will replace the code to ftrace_caller
> via the ftrace_module_enable(). When we register kprobe again, we will
> not replace ftrace_caller to ftrace_regs_caller because the ftrace is
> disabled in the step 3). So the step 7) will trigger kernel panic. Fix
> this problem by disarming the kprobe when the module is going away.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
> Co-developed-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@...edance.com>
> Signed-off-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@...edance.com>

Looks good. 

Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>

> ---
> kernel/kprobes.c | 7 +++++++
> 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
> index 146c648eb943..503add629599 100644
> --- a/kernel/kprobes.c
> +++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
> @@ -2148,6 +2148,13 @@ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
> 	 * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more.
> 	 */
> 	arch_remove_kprobe(p);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which
> +	 * is using ftrace.
> +	 */
> +	if (kprobe_ftrace(p))
> +		disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p);
> }
> 
> /* Disable one kprobe */
> -- 
> 2.11.0
> 

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