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Date:   Tue, 11 Aug 2020 12:50:01 +0200
From:   Willem de Bruijn <>
To:     Xie He <>
Cc:     "David S. Miller" <>,
        Jakub Kicinski <>,
        Network Development <>,
        linux-kernel <>,
        Linux X25 <>,
        Martin Schiller <>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH net] drivers/net/wan/x25_asy: Added needed_headroom and a
 skb->len check

> > > 2) The code quality of this driver is actually very low, and I also
> > > hope to improve it gradually. Actually this driver had been completely
> > > broken for many years and no one had noticed this until I fixed it in
> > > commit 8fdcabeac398 (drivers/net/wan/x25_asy: Fix to make it work)
> > > last month.
> >
> > Just curious: how come that netif_rx could be removed?
> When receiving data, the driver should only submit skb to upper layers
> after it has been processed by the lapb module, i.e., it should only
> call netif_rx in the function x25_asy_data_indication. The removed
> netif_rx is in the function x25_asy_bump. This function is responsible
> for passing the skb to the lapb module to process. It doesn't make
> sense to call netif_rx here. If we call netif_rx here, we may pass
> control frames that shouldn't be passed to upper layers (and have been
> consumed and freed by the lapb module) to upper layers.

Ah of course. Thanks for explaining.

> > One thing to keep in mind is that AF_PACKET sockets are not the normal
> > datapath. AF_X25 sockets are. But you mention that you also exercise
> > the upper layer? That gives confidence that these changes are not
> > accidentally introducing regressions for the default path while fixing
> > oddly crafted packets with (root only for a reason) packet sockets.
> Yes, I test with AF_X25 sockets too to make sure the changes are OK.
> I usually test AF_X25 sockets with:

Excellent. Thanks for the link. Good to know that these changes are
getting real code coverage.

> I became interested in X.25 when I was trying different address
> families that Linux supported. I tried AF_X25 sockets. And then I
> tried to use the X.25 link layer directly through AF_PACKET. I believe
> both AF_X25 sockets and AF_PACKET sockets need to work without
> problems with X.25 drivers - lapbether and x25_asy. There is another
> X.25 driver (hdlc_x25) in the kernel. I haven't been able to run that
> driver. But that driver seems to be the real driver which is really
> used, and I know Martin Schiller <> is an active user and
> developer of that driver.

Great, sounds like we might have additional LAPB and X25 maintainers soon? :)

MAINTAINERS lists Andrew Hendry as maintainer for X.25. Please do CC them.

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