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Date:   Sat, 22 Aug 2020 00:26:57 -0700
From:   Hao Luo <haoluo@...gle.com>
To:     Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>
Cc:     Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>, Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        open list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "open list:KERNEL SELFTEST FRAMEWORK" 
        <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...omium.org>,
        Quentin Monnet <quentin@...valent.com>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Andrey Ignatov <rdna@...com>,
        Jakub Sitnicki <jakub@...udflare.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v1 5/8] bpf/selftests: ksyms_btf to test typed ksyms

On Fri, Aug 21, 2020 at 4:03 PM Andrii Nakryiko
<andrii.nakryiko@...il.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, Aug 20, 2020 at 10:32 AM Yonghong Song <yhs@...com> wrote:
> >
> >
> >
> > On 8/19/20 3:40 PM, Hao Luo wrote:
> > > Selftests for typed ksyms. Tests two types of ksyms: one is a struct,
> > > the other is a plain int. This tests two paths in the kernel. Struct
> > > ksyms will be converted into PTR_TO_BTF_ID by the verifier while int
> > > typed ksyms will be converted into PTR_TO_MEM.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Hao Luo <haoluo@...gle.com>
> > > ---
> > >   .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ksyms_btf.c      | 77 +++++++++++++++++++
> > >   .../selftests/bpf/progs/test_ksyms_btf.c      | 23 ++++++
> > >   2 files changed, 100 insertions(+)
> > >   create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ksyms_btf.c
> > >   create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_ksyms_btf.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ksyms_btf.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ksyms_btf.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..1dad61ba7e99
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/ksyms_btf.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +/* Copyright (c) 2020 Google */
> > > +
> > > +#include <test_progs.h>
> > > +#include <bpf/libbpf.h>
> > > +#include <bpf/btf.h>
> > > +#include "test_ksyms_btf.skel.h"
> > > +
> > > +static int duration;
> > > +
> > > +static __u64 kallsyms_find(const char *sym)
> > > +{
> > > +     char type, name[500];
> > > +     __u64 addr, res = 0;
> > > +     FILE *f;
> > > +
> > > +     f = fopen("/proc/kallsyms", "r");
> > > +     if (CHECK(!f, "kallsyms_fopen", "failed to open: %d\n", errno))
> > > +             return 0;
> >
> > could you check whether libbpf API can provide this functionality for
> > you? As far as I know, libbpf does parse /proc/kallsyms.
>
> No need to use libbpf's implementation. We already have
> kallsyms_find() in prog_tests/ksyms.c and a combination of
> load_kallsyms() + ksym_get_addr() in trace_helpers.c. It would be good
> to switch to one implementation for both prog_tests/ksyms.c and this
> one.
>
Ack. I can do some refactoring. The least thing that I can do is
moving kallsyms_find() to a header for both prog_tests/ksyms.c and
this test to use.

>
> > > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_ksyms_btf.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_ksyms_btf.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..e04e31117f84
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_ksyms_btf.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +/* Copyright (c) 2020 Google */
> > > +
> > > +#include "vmlinux.h"
> > > +
> > > +#include <bpf/bpf_helpers.h>
> > > +
> > > +__u64 out__runqueues = -1;
> > > +__u64 out__bpf_prog_active = -1;
> > > +
> > > +extern const struct rq runqueues __ksym; /* struct type global var. */
> > > +extern const int bpf_prog_active __ksym; /* int type global var. */
> > > +
> > > +SEC("raw_tp/sys_enter")
> > > +int handler(const void *ctx)
> > > +{
> > > +     out__runqueues = (__u64)&runqueues;
> > > +     out__bpf_prog_active = (__u64)&bpf_prog_active;
> > > +
>
> You didn't test accessing any of the members of runqueues, because BTF
> only has per-CPU variables, right? Adding global/static variables was
> adding too much data to BTF or something like that, is that right?
>

Right. With some experiments, I found the address of a percpu variable
doesn't necessarily point to a valid structure. So it doesn't make
sense to dereference runqueues and access its members. However, right
now there are only percpu variables encoded in BTF, so I can't test
accessing members of general global/static variables unfortunately.

Hao

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