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Date:   Thu, 27 Aug 2020 08:56:00 +0200
From:   Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@...gutronix.de>
To:     Heiner Kallweit <hkallweit1@...il.com>
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org, Andrew Lunn <andrew@...n.ch>,
        Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@...il.com>, kernel@...gutronix.de
Subject: Re: [PATCH] net: mdiobus: fix device unregistering in
 mdiobus_register

On Wed, Aug 26, 2020 at 06:26:36PM +0200, Heiner Kallweit wrote:
> On 26.08.2020 11:51, Sascha Hauer wrote:
> > __mdiobus_register() can fail between calling device_register() and
> > setting bus->state to MDIOBUS_REGISTERED. When this happens the caller
> > will call mdiobus_free() which then frees the mdio bus structure. This
> > is not allowed as the embedded struct device is already registered, thus
> > must be freed dropping the reference count using put_device(). To
> > accomplish this set bus->state to MDIOBUS_UNREGISTERED after having
> > registered the device. With this mdiobus_free() correctly calls
> > put_device() instead of freeing the mdio bus structure directly.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@...gutronix.de>
> > ---
> >  drivers/net/phy/mdio_bus.c | 2 ++
> >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/phy/mdio_bus.c b/drivers/net/phy/mdio_bus.c
> > index 0af20faad69d..85cbaab4a591 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/phy/mdio_bus.c
> > +++ b/drivers/net/phy/mdio_bus.c
> > @@ -540,6 +540,8 @@ int __mdiobus_register(struct mii_bus *bus, struct module *owner)
> >  		return -EINVAL;
> >  	}
> >  
> > +	bus->state = MDIOBUS_UNREGISTERED;
> > +
> >  	mutex_init(&bus->mdio_lock);
> >  	mutex_init(&bus->shared_lock);
> >  
> > 
> I see the point. If we bail out after having called device_register()
> then put_device() has to be called. This however isn't done by
> mdiobus_free() if state is MDIOBUS_ALLOCATED. So I think the idea is
> right. However we have to call put_device() even if device_register()
> fails, therefore setting state to MDIOBUS_UNREGISTERED should be
> moved to before calling device_register().

You're right, the comment above device_register clearly states:

/*
 * NOTE: _Never_ directly free @dev after calling this function, even
 * if it returned an error! Always use put_device() to give up the
 * reference initialized in this function instead.
 */

And I read this just yesterday while preparing this patch.

Will send a v2.

Sascha

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