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Date:   Mon, 31 Aug 2020 20:37:49 -0400
From:   Brooke Basile <brookebasile@...il.com>
To:     Hillf Danton <hdanton@...a.com>
Cc:     syzbot <syzbot+dc3cab055dff074f2d7f@...kaller.appspotmail.com>,
        andreyknvl@...gle.com, davem@...emloft.net, kuba@...nel.org,
        kvalo@...eaurora.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-usb@...r.kernel.org, linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, pkshih@...ltek.com,
        syzkaller-bugs@...glegroups.com
Subject: Re: KASAN: use-after-free Write in rtl_fw_do_work

On 8/31/20 7:56 PM, Hillf Danton wrote:
> 
> On Mon, 31 Aug 2020 15:15:13 -0400 Brooke Basile wrote:
>>
>> On 8/31/20 9:30 AM, Hillf Danton wrote:
>>>
>>> Mon, 31 Aug 2020 04:48:15 -0700
>>>> syzbot found the following issue on:
>>>>
>>>> HEAD commit:    3ed8e1c2 usb: typec: tcpm: Migrate workqueue to RT priorit..
>>>> git tree:       https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb.git usb-testing
>>>> console output: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/log.txt?x=111f9015900000
>>>> kernel config:  https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/.config?x=ccafc70ac3d5f49c
>>>> dashboard link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?extid=dc3cab055dff074f2d7f
>>>> compiler:       gcc (GCC) 10.1.0-syz 20200507
>>>> syz repro:      https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/repro.syz?x=148a00c9900000
>>>>
>>>> IMPORTANT: if you fix the issue, please add the following tag to the commit:
>>>> Reported-by: syzbot+dc3cab055dff074f2d7f@...kaller.appspotmail.com
>>>>
>>>> usb 1-1: Direct firmware load for rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw_TMSC.bin failed with error -2
>>>> usb 1-1: Direct firmware load for rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin failed with error -2
>>>> rtlwifi: Loading alternative firmware rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin
>>>> rtlwifi: Selected firmware is not available
>>>> ==================================================================
>>>> BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in rtl_fw_do_work.cold+0x68/0x6a drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/core.c:93
>>>> Write of size 4 at addr ffff8881c9c2ff30 by task kworker/1:5/3063
>>>>
>>>> CPU: 1 PID: 3063 Comm: kworker/1:5 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc1-syzkaller #0
>>>> Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
>>>> Workqueue: events request_firmware_work_func
>>>> Call Trace:
>>>>    __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:77 [inline]
>>>>    dump_stack+0xf6/0x16e lib/dump_stack.c:118
>>>>    print_address_description.constprop.0+0x1c/0x210 mm/kasan/report.c:383
>>>>    __kasan_report mm/kasan/report.c:513 [inline]
>>>>    kasan_report.cold+0x37/0x7c mm/kasan/report.c:530
>>>>    rtl_fw_do_work.cold+0x68/0x6a drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/core.c:93
>>>>    request_firmware_work_func+0x126/0x250 drivers/base/firmware_loader/main.c:1001
>>>>    process_one_work+0x94c/0x15f0 kernel/workqueue.c:2269
>>>>    worker_thread+0x64c/0x1120 kernel/workqueue.c:2415
>>>>    kthread+0x392/0x470 kernel/kthread.c:292
>>>>    ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:294
>>>>
>>>> The buggy address belongs to the page:
>>>> page:000000008323bb9d refcount:0 mapcount:0 mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x1c9c2f
>>>> flags: 0x200000000000000()
>>>> raw: 0200000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffea0007270bc8 0000000000000000
>>>> raw: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 00000000ffffffff 0000000000000000
>>>> page dumped because: kasan: bad access detected
>>>>
>>>> Memory state around the buggy address:
>>>>    ffff8881c9c2fe00: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
>>>>    ffff8881c9c2fe80: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
>>>>> ffff8881c9c2ff00: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
>>>>                                        ^
>>>>    ffff8881c9c2ff80: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
>>>>    ffff8881c9c30000: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff
>>>> ==================================================================
>>>
>>>
>>> While probing pci for instance, wait for kworker to finish its work in the
>>> err branches.
>>>
>>>
>>> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/core.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/core.c
>>> @@ -78,7 +78,6 @@ static void rtl_fw_do_work(const struct
>>>    
>>>    	RT_TRACE(rtlpriv, COMP_ERR, DBG_LOUD,
>>>    		 "Firmware callback routine entered!\n");
>>> -	complete(&rtlpriv->firmware_loading_complete);
>>>    	if (!firmware) {
>>>    		if (rtlpriv->cfg->alt_fw_name) {
>>>    			err = request_firmware(&firmware,
>>> @@ -91,13 +90,12 @@ static void rtl_fw_do_work(const struct
>>>    		}
>>>    		pr_err("Selected firmware is not available\n");
>>>    		rtlpriv->max_fw_size = 0;
>>> -		return;
>>> +		goto out;
>>>    	}
>>>    found_alt:
>>>    	if (firmware->size > rtlpriv->max_fw_size) {
>>>    		pr_err("Firmware is too big!\n");
>>> -		release_firmware(firmware);
>>> -		return;
>>> +		goto release;
>>>    	}
>>>    	if (!is_wow) {
>>>    		memcpy(rtlpriv->rtlhal.pfirmware, firmware->data,
>>> @@ -108,7 +106,11 @@ found_alt:
>>>    		       firmware->size);
>>>    		rtlpriv->rtlhal.wowlan_fwsize = firmware->size;
>>>    	}
>>> +
>>> +release:
>>>    	release_firmware(firmware);
>>> +out:
>>> +	complete(&rtlpriv->firmware_loading_complete);
>>>    }
>>>    
>>>    void rtl_fw_cb(const struct firmware *firmware, void *context)
>>> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/pci.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/realtek/rtlwifi/pci.c
>>> @@ -2161,6 +2161,7 @@ int rtl_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
>>>    	struct rtl_pci *rtlpci;
>>>    	unsigned long pmem_start, pmem_len, pmem_flags;
>>>    	int err;
>>> +	bool wait_kworker = false;
>>>    
>>>    	err = pci_enable_device(pdev);
>>>    	if (err) {
>>> @@ -2272,6 +2273,7 @@ int rtl_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
>>>    		err = -ENODEV;
>>>    		goto fail3;
>>>    	}
>>> +	wait_kworker = true;
>>>    	rtlpriv->cfg->ops->init_sw_leds(hw);
>>>    
>>>    	/*aspm */
>>> @@ -2327,7 +2329,8 @@ fail2:
>>>    		pci_iounmap(pdev, (void __iomem *)rtlpriv->io.pci_mem_start);
>>>    
>>>    	pci_release_regions(pdev);
>>> -	complete(&rtlpriv->firmware_loading_complete);
>>> +	if (wait_kworker == true)
>>> +		wait_for_completion(&rtlpriv->firmware_loading_complete);
>>>    
>>>    fail1:
>>>    	if (hw)
>>>
>>
>> Hi,
> 
> Hi Brooke
>>
>> It looks like this is probably a duplicate related to this patch:
>> https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=1f05ed98df706bb64aeee4dccc5ab48cd7542643
> 
> Quite likely, particularly for the accesses to the link above in the
> far east cities like Shanghai. More interesting may be that we can see
> the difference between the two patches if you can copy-n-paste that
> one in reply to this message because I have no clear idea if it's the
> ad hoc matter of fact that fixes for syzbot reports should better be
> posted in the report mail thread at lore.kernel.org, with the
> ant-anntena-size bonus to facilitate those who are disabled outside
> lore in the split of a second.
> 

Sorry, in hindsight my wording may have been a bit awkward in my 
message-- what I meant to say is, your patch may also resolve that bug. :)
I don't actually have a patch for this, I had just begun working on it 
over the weekend and saw that your patch could be related to the issue.

Best,
Brooke Basile

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