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Date:   Mon, 14 Sep 2020 18:13:26 +0200
From:   Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
Cc:     Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@...com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        Eelco Chaudron <echaudro@...hat.com>,
        KP Singh <kpsingh@...omium.org>, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        bpf@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v4 3/8] bpf: wrap prog->aux->linked_prog in a
 bpf_tracing_link

From: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>

The bpf_tracing_link structure is a convenient data structure to contain
the reference to a linked program; in preparation for supporting multiple
attachments for the same freplace program, move the linked_prog in
prog->aux into a bpf_tracing_link wrapper.

With this change, it is no longer possible to attach the same tracing
program multiple times (detaching in-between), since the reference from the
tracing program to the target disappears on the first attach. However,
since the next patch will let the caller supply an attach target, that will
also make it possible to attach to the same place multiple times.

Signed-off-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...hat.com>
---
 include/linux/bpf.h     |   23 +++++++++----
 kernel/bpf/btf.c        |   13 ++++---
 kernel/bpf/core.c       |    4 +-
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c    |   86 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 kernel/bpf/trampoline.c |   12 ++-----
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c   |   13 +++++--
 6 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index b3aefbdca1a3..8949e9794dc9 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ struct bpf_verifier_log;
 struct perf_event;
 struct bpf_prog;
 struct bpf_prog_aux;
+struct bpf_tracing_link;
 struct bpf_map;
 struct sock;
 struct seq_file;
@@ -614,8 +615,8 @@ static __always_inline unsigned int bpf_dispatcher_nop_func(
 }
 #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT
 struct bpf_trampoline *bpf_trampoline_lookup(u64 key);
-int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog);
-int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog);
+int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_trampoline *tr);
+int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_trampoline *tr);
 struct bpf_trampoline *bpf_trampoline_get(u64 key, void *addr,
 					  struct btf_func_model *fmodel);
 void bpf_trampoline_put(struct bpf_trampoline *tr);
@@ -666,11 +667,13 @@ static inline struct bpf_trampoline *bpf_trampoline_lookup(u64 key)
 {
 	return NULL;
 }
-static inline int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+static inline int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+					   struct bpf_trampoline *tr)
 {
 	return -ENOTSUPP;
 }
-static inline int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+static inline int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+					     struct bpf_trampoline *tr)
 {
 	return -ENOTSUPP;
 }
@@ -738,14 +741,13 @@ struct bpf_prog_aux {
 	u32 max_rdonly_access;
 	u32 max_rdwr_access;
 	const struct bpf_ctx_arg_aux *ctx_arg_info;
-	struct bpf_prog *linked_prog;
+	struct bpf_tracing_link *tgt_link;
 	bool verifier_zext; /* Zero extensions has been inserted by verifier. */
 	bool offload_requested;
 	bool attach_btf_trace; /* true if attaching to BTF-enabled raw tp */
 	bool func_proto_unreliable;
 	bool sleepable;
 	enum bpf_tramp_prog_type trampoline_prog_type;
-	struct bpf_trampoline *trampoline;
 	struct hlist_node tramp_hlist;
 	/* BTF_KIND_FUNC_PROTO for valid attach_btf_id */
 	const struct btf_type *attach_func_proto;
@@ -825,6 +827,15 @@ struct bpf_link {
 	struct work_struct work;
 };
 
+struct bpf_tracing_link {
+	struct bpf_link link;
+	enum bpf_attach_type attach_type;
+	struct bpf_trampoline *trampoline;
+	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog;
+};
+
+void bpf_tracing_link_free(struct bpf_tracing_link *link);
+
 struct bpf_link_ops {
 	void (*release)(struct bpf_link *link);
 	void (*dealloc)(struct bpf_link *link);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/btf.c b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
index 2ace56c99c36..e10f13f8251c 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/btf.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/btf.c
@@ -3706,10 +3706,10 @@ struct btf *btf_parse_vmlinux(void)
 
 struct btf *bpf_prog_get_target_btf(const struct bpf_prog *prog)
 {
-	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog = prog->aux->linked_prog;
+	struct bpf_tracing_link *tgt_link = prog->aux->tgt_link;
 
-	if (tgt_prog) {
-		return tgt_prog->aux->btf;
+	if (tgt_link && tgt_link->tgt_prog) {
+		return tgt_link->tgt_prog->aux->btf;
 	} else {
 		return btf_vmlinux;
 	}
@@ -3733,14 +3733,17 @@ bool btf_ctx_access(int off, int size, enum bpf_access_type type,
 		    struct bpf_insn_access_aux *info)
 {
 	const struct btf_type *t = prog->aux->attach_func_proto;
-	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog = prog->aux->linked_prog;
 	struct btf *btf = bpf_prog_get_target_btf(prog);
 	const char *tname = prog->aux->attach_func_name;
 	struct bpf_verifier_log *log = info->log;
+	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog = NULL;
 	const struct btf_param *args;
 	u32 nr_args, arg;
 	int i, ret;
 
+	if (prog->aux->tgt_link)
+		tgt_prog = prog->aux->tgt_link->tgt_prog;
+
 	if (off % 8) {
 		bpf_log(log, "func '%s' offset %d is not multiple of 8\n",
 			tname, off);
@@ -4572,7 +4575,7 @@ int btf_prepare_func_args(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int subprog,
 		return -EFAULT;
 	}
 	if (prog_type == BPF_PROG_TYPE_EXT)
-		prog_type = prog->aux->linked_prog->type;
+		prog_type = prog->aux->tgt_link->tgt_prog->type;
 
 	t = btf_type_by_id(btf, t->type);
 	if (!t || !btf_type_is_func_proto(t)) {
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index ed0b3578867c..11696e849366 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -2130,7 +2130,7 @@ static void bpf_prog_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work)
 	if (aux->prog->has_callchain_buf)
 		put_callchain_buffers();
 #endif
-	bpf_trampoline_put(aux->trampoline);
+	bpf_tracing_link_free(aux->tgt_link);
 	for (i = 0; i < aux->func_cnt; i++)
 		bpf_jit_free(aux->func[i]);
 	if (aux->func_cnt) {
@@ -2146,8 +2146,6 @@ void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
 {
 	struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux;
 
-	if (aux->linked_prog)
-		bpf_prog_put(aux->linked_prog);
 	INIT_WORK(&aux->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred);
 	schedule_work(&aux->work);
 }
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index 4108ef3b828b..266ddd695914 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -2095,10 +2095,13 @@ static bool is_perfmon_prog_type(enum bpf_prog_type prog_type)
 /* last field in 'union bpf_attr' used by this command */
 #define	BPF_PROG_LOAD_LAST_FIELD attach_prog_fd
 
+static struct bpf_tracing_link *bpf_tracing_link_create(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+							struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog);
+
 static int bpf_prog_load(union bpf_attr *attr, union bpf_attr __user *uattr)
 {
 	enum bpf_prog_type type = attr->prog_type;
-	struct bpf_prog *prog;
+	struct bpf_prog *prog, *tgt_prog = NULL;
 	int err;
 	char license[128];
 	bool is_gpl;
@@ -2154,14 +2157,24 @@ static int bpf_prog_load(union bpf_attr *attr, union bpf_attr __user *uattr)
 	prog->expected_attach_type = attr->expected_attach_type;
 	prog->aux->attach_btf_id = attr->attach_btf_id;
 	if (attr->attach_prog_fd) {
-		struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog;
-
 		tgt_prog = bpf_prog_get(attr->attach_prog_fd);
 		if (IS_ERR(tgt_prog)) {
 			err = PTR_ERR(tgt_prog);
 			goto free_prog_nouncharge;
 		}
-		prog->aux->linked_prog = tgt_prog;
+	}
+
+	if (tgt_prog || prog->aux->attach_btf_id) {
+		struct bpf_tracing_link *link;
+
+		link = bpf_tracing_link_create(prog, tgt_prog);
+		if (IS_ERR(link)) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(link);
+			if (tgt_prog)
+				bpf_prog_put(tgt_prog);
+			goto free_prog_nouncharge;
+		}
+		prog->aux->tgt_link = link;
 	}
 
 	prog->aux->offload_requested = !!attr->prog_ifindex;
@@ -2495,14 +2508,20 @@ struct bpf_link *bpf_link_get_from_fd(u32 ufd)
 	return link;
 }
 
-struct bpf_tracing_link {
-	struct bpf_link link;
-	enum bpf_attach_type attach_type;
-};
-
 static void bpf_tracing_link_release(struct bpf_link *link)
 {
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(link->prog));
+	struct bpf_tracing_link *tr_link =
+		container_of(link, struct bpf_tracing_link, link);
+
+	if (tr_link->trampoline) {
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(link->prog,
+							tr_link->trampoline));
+
+		bpf_trampoline_put(tr_link->trampoline);
+	}
+
+	if (tr_link->tgt_prog)
+		bpf_prog_put(tr_link->tgt_prog);
 }
 
 static void bpf_tracing_link_dealloc(struct bpf_link *link)
@@ -2542,6 +2561,34 @@ static const struct bpf_link_ops bpf_tracing_link_lops = {
 	.fill_link_info = bpf_tracing_link_fill_link_info,
 };
 
+static struct bpf_tracing_link *bpf_tracing_link_create(struct bpf_prog *prog,
+							struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog)
+{
+	struct bpf_tracing_link *link;
+
+	link = kzalloc(sizeof(*link), GFP_USER);
+	if (!link)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	bpf_link_init(&link->link, BPF_LINK_TYPE_TRACING,
+		      &bpf_tracing_link_lops, prog);
+	link->attach_type = prog->expected_attach_type;
+	link->tgt_prog = tgt_prog;
+
+	return link;
+}
+
+void bpf_tracing_link_free(struct bpf_tracing_link *link)
+{
+	if (!link)
+		return;
+	if (link->trampoline)
+		bpf_trampoline_put(link->trampoline);
+	if (link->tgt_prog)
+		bpf_prog_put(link->tgt_prog);
+	kfree(link);
+}
+
 static int bpf_tracing_prog_attach(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 {
 	struct bpf_link_primer link_primer;
@@ -2574,28 +2621,27 @@ static int bpf_tracing_prog_attach(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 		goto out_put_prog;
 	}
 
-	link = kzalloc(sizeof(*link), GFP_USER);
+	link = xchg(&prog->aux->tgt_link, NULL);
 	if (!link) {
-		err = -ENOMEM;
+		err = -ENOENT;
 		goto out_put_prog;
 	}
-	bpf_link_init(&link->link, BPF_LINK_TYPE_TRACING,
-		      &bpf_tracing_link_lops, prog);
-	link->attach_type = prog->expected_attach_type;
 
 	err = bpf_link_prime(&link->link, &link_primer);
-	if (err) {
-		kfree(link);
-		goto out_put_prog;
-	}
+	if (err)
+		goto out_restore_link;
 
-	err = bpf_trampoline_link_prog(prog);
+	err = bpf_trampoline_link_prog(prog, link->trampoline);
 	if (err) {
+		bpf_trampoline_put(link->trampoline);
+		link->trampoline = NULL;
 		bpf_link_cleanup(&link_primer);
 		goto out_put_prog;
 	}
 
 	return bpf_link_settle(&link_primer);
+out_restore_link:
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(cmpxchg(&prog->aux->tgt_link, NULL, link) != NULL);
 out_put_prog:
 	bpf_prog_put(prog);
 	return err;
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c b/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
index 7845913e7e41..e010a0641e99 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/trampoline.c
@@ -261,14 +261,12 @@ static enum bpf_tramp_prog_type bpf_attach_type_to_tramp(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	}
 }
 
-int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_trampoline *tr)
 {
 	enum bpf_tramp_prog_type kind;
-	struct bpf_trampoline *tr;
 	int err = 0;
 	int cnt;
 
-	tr = prog->aux->trampoline;
 	kind = bpf_attach_type_to_tramp(prog);
 	mutex_lock(&tr->mutex);
 	if (tr->extension_prog) {
@@ -301,7 +299,7 @@ int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	}
 	hlist_add_head(&prog->aux->tramp_hlist, &tr->progs_hlist[kind]);
 	tr->progs_cnt[kind]++;
-	err = bpf_trampoline_update(prog->aux->trampoline);
+	err = bpf_trampoline_update(tr);
 	if (err) {
 		hlist_del(&prog->aux->tramp_hlist);
 		tr->progs_cnt[kind]--;
@@ -312,13 +310,11 @@ int bpf_trampoline_link_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 }
 
 /* bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog() should never fail. */
-int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_trampoline *tr)
 {
 	enum bpf_tramp_prog_type kind;
-	struct bpf_trampoline *tr;
 	int err;
 
-	tr = prog->aux->trampoline;
 	kind = bpf_attach_type_to_tramp(prog);
 	mutex_lock(&tr->mutex);
 	if (kind == BPF_TRAMP_REPLACE) {
@@ -330,7 +326,7 @@ int bpf_trampoline_unlink_prog(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 	}
 	hlist_del(&prog->aux->tramp_hlist);
 	tr->progs_cnt[kind]--;
-	err = bpf_trampoline_update(prog->aux->trampoline);
+	err = bpf_trampoline_update(tr);
 out:
 	mutex_unlock(&tr->mutex);
 	return err;
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index d38678319ca4..f0697a3619d7 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -2628,8 +2628,10 @@ static int check_map_access(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
 
 static enum bpf_prog_type resolve_prog_type(struct bpf_prog *prog)
 {
-	return prog->aux->linked_prog ? prog->aux->linked_prog->type
-				      : prog->type;
+	if (prog->aux->tgt_link && prog->aux->tgt_link->tgt_prog)
+		return prog->aux->tgt_link->tgt_prog->type;
+
+	return prog->type;
 }
 
 static bool may_access_direct_pkt_data(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
@@ -11271,8 +11273,8 @@ int bpf_check_attach_target(struct bpf_verifier_log *log,
 static int check_attach_btf_id(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 {
 	struct bpf_prog *prog = env->prog;
-	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog = prog->aux->linked_prog;
 	u32 btf_id = prog->aux->attach_btf_id;
+	struct bpf_prog *tgt_prog = NULL;
 	struct btf_func_model fmodel;
 	struct bpf_trampoline *tr;
 	const struct btf_type *t;
@@ -11281,6 +11283,9 @@ static int check_attach_btf_id(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 	int ret;
 	u64 key;
 
+	if (prog->aux->tgt_link)
+		tgt_prog = prog->aux->tgt_link->tgt_prog;
+
 	if (prog->aux->sleepable && prog->type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_TRACING &&
 	    prog->type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_LSM) {
 		verbose(env, "Only fentry/fexit/fmod_ret and lsm programs can be sleepable\n");
@@ -11336,7 +11341,7 @@ static int check_attach_btf_id(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 	if (IS_ERR(tr))
 		return PTR_ERR(tr);
 
-	prog->aux->trampoline = tr;
+	prog->aux->tgt_link->trampoline = tr;
 	return 0;
 }
 

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