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Date:   Wed, 16 Sep 2020 16:00:45 -0700
From:   Martin KaFai Lau <>
To:     Yonghong Song <>
CC:     <>, <>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <>,
        Daniel Borkmann <>, <>,
        Song Liu <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v4] bpf: using rcu_read_lock for
 bpf_sk_storage_map iterator

On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 03:46:45PM -0700, Yonghong Song wrote:
> If a bucket contains a lot of sockets, during bpf_iter traversing
> a bucket, concurrent userspace bpf_map_update_elem() and
> bpf program bpf_sk_storage_{get,delete}() may experience
> some undesirable delays as they will compete with bpf_iter
> for bucket lock.
> Note that the number of buckets for bpf_sk_storage_map
> is roughly the same as the number of cpus. So if there
> are lots of sockets in the system, each bucket could
> contain lots of sockets.
> Different actual use cases may experience different delays.
> Here, using selftest bpf_iter subtest bpf_sk_storage_map,
> I hacked the kernel with ktime_get_mono_fast_ns()
> to collect the time when a bucket was locked
> during bpf_iter prog traversing that bucket. This way,
> the maximum incurred delay was measured w.r.t. the
> number of elements in a bucket.
>     # elems in each bucket          delay(ns)
>       64                            17000
>       256                           72512
>       2048                          875246
> The potential delays will be further increased if
> we have even more elemnts in a bucket. Using rcu_read_lock()
> is a reasonable compromise here. It may lose some precision, e.g.,
> access stale sockets, but it will not hurt performance of
> bpf program or user space application which also tries
> to get/delete or update map elements.
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <>

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