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Date:   Wed, 23 Sep 2020 10:45:47 +0100
From:   Lorenz Bauer <lmb@...udflare.com>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com>
Cc:     Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH bpf-next v4 11/11] bpf: use a table to drive helper arg
 type checks

On Tue, 22 Sep 2020 at 21:07, Alexei Starovoitov
<alexei.starovoitov@...il.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Sep 22, 2020 at 09:20:27AM +0100, Lorenz Bauer wrote:
> > On Mon, 21 Sep 2020 at 23:23, Alexei Starovoitov
> > <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 01:12:27PM +0100, Lorenz Bauer wrote:
> > > > +struct bpf_reg_types {
> > > > +     const enum bpf_reg_type types[10];
> > > > +};
> > >
> > > any idea on how to make it more robust?
> >
> > I kind of copied this from the bpf_iter context. I prototyped using an
> > enum bpf_reg_type * and then terminating the array with NOT_INIT.
> > Writing this out is more involved, and might need some macro magic to
> > make it palatable. The current approach is a lot simpler, and I
> > figured that the compiler will error out if we ever exceed the 10
> > items.
>
> The compiler will be silent if number of types is exactly 10,
> but at run-time the loop will access out of bounds.

Which loop do you refer to?

The one in check_reg_type shouldn't go out of bounds due to ARRAY_SIZE:

    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(compatible->types); i++) {
        expected = compatible->types[i];
        if (expected == NOT_INIT)
            break;

>
> > >
> > > > +
> > > > +static const struct bpf_reg_types *compatible_reg_types[] = {
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_KEY]            = &map_key_value_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE]          = &map_key_value_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_UNINIT_MAP_VALUE]   = &map_key_value_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE_OR_NULL]  = &map_key_value_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_CONST_SIZE]                = &scalar_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_CONST_SIZE_OR_ZERO]        = &scalar_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_CONST_ALLOC_SIZE_OR_ZERO]  = &scalar_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_CONST_MAP_PTR]             = &const_map_ptr_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_CTX]                = &context_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_CTX_OR_NULL]        = &context_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_SOCK_COMMON]        = &sock_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_SOCKET]             = &fullsock_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_SOCKET_OR_NULL]     = &fullsock_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_BTF_ID]             = &btf_ptr_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_SPIN_LOCK]          = &spin_lock_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_MEM]                = &mem_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_MEM_OR_NULL]        = &mem_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_UNINIT_MEM]         = &mem_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_ALLOC_MEM]          = &alloc_mem_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_ALLOC_MEM_OR_NULL]  = &alloc_mem_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_INT]                = &int_ptr_types,
> > > > +     [ARG_PTR_TO_LONG]               = &int_ptr_types,
> > > > +     [__BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX]            = NULL,
> > >
> > > I don't understand what this extra value is for.
> > > I tried:
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
> > > index fc5c901c7542..87b0d5dcc1ff 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/bpf.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
> > > @@ -292,7 +292,6 @@ enum bpf_arg_type {
> > >         ARG_PTR_TO_ALLOC_MEM,   /* pointer to dynamically allocated memory */
> > >         ARG_PTR_TO_ALLOC_MEM_OR_NULL,   /* pointer to dynamically allocated memory or NULL */
> > >         ARG_CONST_ALLOC_SIZE_OR_ZERO,   /* number of allocated bytes requested */
> > > -       __BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX,
> > >  };
> > >
> > >  /* type of values returned from helper functions */
> > > diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> > > index 15ab889b0a3f..83faa67858b6 100644
> > > --- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
> > > @@ -4025,7 +4025,6 @@ static const struct bpf_reg_types *compatible_reg_types[] = {
> > >         [ARG_PTR_TO_ALLOC_MEM_OR_NULL]  = &alloc_mem_types,
> > >         [ARG_PTR_TO_INT]                = &int_ptr_types,
> > >         [ARG_PTR_TO_LONG]               = &int_ptr_types,
> > > -       [__BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX]            = NULL,
> > >  };
> > >
> > > and everything is fine as I think it should be.
> > >
> > > > +     compatible = compatible_reg_types[arg_type];
> > > > +     if (!compatible) {
> > > > +             verbose(env, "verifier internal error: unsupported arg type %d\n", arg_type);
> > > >               return -EFAULT;
> > > >       }
> > >
> > > This check will trigger the same way when somebody adds new ARG_* and doesn't add to the table.
> >
> > I think in that case that value of compatible will be undefined, since
> > it points past the end of compatible_reg_types. Hence the
> > __BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX to ensure that the array has a NULL slot for new
> > arg types.
>
> I still don't see a point.
> If anyone adds one more ARG_ to the end (or anywhere else)
> the compatible_reg_types array will be zero inited in that place by the compiler.
> Just like it does already for ARG_ANYTHING and ARG_DONTCARE.

I looked up designated initializers when I wrote this, since I wasn't
super familiar with them:
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Designated-Inits.html#Designated-Inits

    Note that the length of the array is the highest value specified plus one.

So ARG_ANYTHING and ARG_DONTCARE are OK since there is a higher enum
value present in the initializer. If someone adds a new item to enum
bpf_arg_type I assume they would add it to the end. In that case the
highest value of the initializer doesn't change, and then indexing
into compatible_reg_types with the new enum value would be out of
bounds. Adding __BPF_ARG_TYPE_MAX fixes that.

It's very possible I misunderstood how this whole contraption works,
happy to send a patch.

-- 
Lorenz Bauer  |  Systems Engineer
6th Floor, County Hall/The Riverside Building, SE1 7PB, UK

www.cloudflare.com

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