lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Fri, 30 Oct 2020 15:37:47 +0800
From:   Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@...wei.com>
To:     Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@...il.com>
CC:     Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@...atatu.com>, Jiri Pirko <jiri@...nulli.us>,
        "David Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        "Linux Kernel Network Developers" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linuxarm@...wei.com>,
        John Fastabend <john.fastabend@...il.com>,
        Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 net] net: sch_generic: aviod concurrent reset and
 enqueue op for lockless qdisc

On 2020/10/30 3:05, Cong Wang wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 28, 2020 at 7:54 PM Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@...wei.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 2020/9/18 3:26, Cong Wang wrote:
>>> On Fri, Sep 11, 2020 at 1:13 AM Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@...wei.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 2020/9/11 4:07, Cong Wang wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Sep 8, 2020 at 4:06 AM Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@...wei.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Currently there is concurrent reset and enqueue operation for the
>>>>>> same lockless qdisc when there is no lock to synchronize the
>>>>>> q->enqueue() in __dev_xmit_skb() with the qdisc reset operation in
>>>>>> qdisc_deactivate() called by dev_deactivate_queue(), which may cause
>>>>>> out-of-bounds access for priv->ring[] in hns3 driver if user has
>>>>>> requested a smaller queue num when __dev_xmit_skb() still enqueue a
>>>>>> skb with a larger queue_mapping after the corresponding qdisc is
>>>>>> reset, and call hns3_nic_net_xmit() with that skb later.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Reused the existing synchronize_net() in dev_deactivate_many() to
>>>>>> make sure skb with larger queue_mapping enqueued to old qdisc(which
>>>>>> is saved in dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping) will always be reset when
>>>>>> dev_reset_queue() is called.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Fixes: 6b3ba9146fe6 ("net: sched: allow qdiscs to handle locking")
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@...wei.com>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>> ChangeLog V2:
>>>>>>         Reuse existing synchronize_net().
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>  net/sched/sch_generic.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
>>>>>>  1 file changed, 33 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/net/sched/sch_generic.c b/net/sched/sch_generic.c
>>>>>> index 265a61d..54c4172 100644
>>>>>> --- a/net/sched/sch_generic.c
>>>>>> +++ b/net/sched/sch_generic.c
>>>>>> @@ -1131,24 +1131,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(dev_activate);
>>>>>>
>>>>>>  static void qdisc_deactivate(struct Qdisc *qdisc)
>>>>>>  {
>>>>>> -       bool nolock = qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK;
>>>>>> -
>>>>>>         if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN)
>>>>>>                 return;
>>>>>> -       if (test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, &qdisc->state))
>>>>>> -               return;
>>>>>> -
>>>>>> -       if (nolock)
>>>>>> -               spin_lock_bh(&qdisc->seqlock);
>>>>>> -       spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc));
>>>>>>
>>>>>>         set_bit(__QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, &qdisc->state);
>>>>>> -
>>>>>> -       qdisc_reset(qdisc);
>>>>>> -
>>>>>> -       spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc));
>>>>>> -       if (nolock)
>>>>>> -               spin_unlock_bh(&qdisc->seqlock);
>>>>>>  }
>>>>>>
>>>>>>  static void dev_deactivate_queue(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>> @@ -1165,6 +1151,30 @@ static void dev_deactivate_queue(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>>         }
>>>>>>  }
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +static void dev_reset_queue(struct net_device *dev,
>>>>>> +                           struct netdev_queue *dev_queue,
>>>>>> +                           void *_unused)
>>>>>> +{
>>>>>> +       struct Qdisc *qdisc;
>>>>>> +       bool nolock;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +       qdisc = dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping;
>>>>>> +       if (!qdisc)
>>>>>> +               return;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +       nolock = qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK;
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +       if (nolock)
>>>>>> +               spin_lock_bh(&qdisc->seqlock);
>>>>>> +       spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc));
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> I think you do not need this lock for lockless one.
>>>>
>>>> It seems so.
>>>> Maybe another patch to remove qdisc_lock(qdisc) for lockless
>>>> qdisc?
>>>
>>> Yeah, but not sure if we still want this lockless qdisc any more,
>>> it brings more troubles than gains.
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +       qdisc_reset(qdisc);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +       spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc));
>>>>>> +       if (nolock)
>>>>>> +               spin_unlock_bh(&qdisc->seqlock);
>>>>>> +}
>>>>>> +
>>>>>>  static bool some_qdisc_is_busy(struct net_device *dev)
>>>>>>  {
>>>>>>         unsigned int i;
>>>>>> @@ -1213,12 +1223,20 @@ void dev_deactivate_many(struct list_head *head)
>>>>>>                 dev_watchdog_down(dev);
>>>>>>         }
>>>>>>
>>>>>> -       /* Wait for outstanding qdisc-less dev_queue_xmit calls.
>>>>>> +       /* Wait for outstanding qdisc-less dev_queue_xmit calls or
>>>>>> +        * outstanding qdisc enqueuing calls.
>>>>>>          * This is avoided if all devices are in dismantle phase :
>>>>>>          * Caller will call synchronize_net() for us
>>>>>>          */
>>>>>>         synchronize_net();
>>>>>>
>>>>>> +       list_for_each_entry(dev, head, close_list) {
>>>>>> +               netdev_for_each_tx_queue(dev, dev_reset_queue, NULL);
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +               if (dev_ingress_queue(dev))
>>>>>> +                       dev_reset_queue(dev, dev_ingress_queue(dev), NULL);
>>>>>> +       }
>>>>>> +
>>>>>>         /* Wait for outstanding qdisc_run calls. */
>>>>>>         list_for_each_entry(dev, head, close_list) {
>>>>>>                 while (some_qdisc_is_busy(dev)) {
>>>>>
>>>>> Do you want to reset before waiting for TX action?
>>>>>
>>>>> I think it is safer to do it after, at least prior to commit 759ae57f1b
>>>>> we did after.
>>>>
>>>> The reference to the txq->qdisc is always protected by RCU, so the synchronize_net()
>>>> should be enought to ensure there is no skb enqueued to the old qdisc that is saved
>>>> in the dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping, because __dev_queue_xmit can only see the new qdisc
>>>> after synchronize_net(), which is noop_qdisc, and noop_qdisc will make sure any skb
>>>> enqueued to it will be dropped and freed, right?
>>>
>>> Hmm? In net_tx_action(), we do not hold RCU read lock, and we do not
>>> reference qdisc via txq->qdisc but via sd->output_queue.
>>
>> Sorry for the delay reply, I seems to miss this.
>>
>> I assumed synchronize_net() also wait for outstanding softirq to finish, right?
> 
> I do not see how and why it should. synchronize_net() is merely an optimized
> version of synchronize_rcu(), it should wait for RCU readers, softirqs are not
> necessarily RCU readers, net_tx_action() does not take RCU read lock either.

Ok, make sense.

Taking RCU read lock in net_tx_action() does not seems to solve the problem,
what about the time window between __netif_reschedule() and net_tx_action()?

It seems we need to re-dereference the qdisc whenever RCU read lock is released
and qdisc is still in sd->output_queue or wait for the sd->output_queue to drain?

> 
>>
>>>
>>>
>>>>
>>>> If we do any additional reset that is not related to qdisc in dev_reset_queue(), we
>>>> can move it after some_qdisc_is_busy() checking.
>>>
>>> I am not suggesting to do an additional reset, I am suggesting to move
>>> your reset after the busy waiting.
>>
>> There maybe a deadlock here if we reset the qdisc after the some_qdisc_is_busy() checking,
>> because some_qdisc_is_busy() may require the qdisc reset to clear the skb, so that
> 
> some_qdisc_is_busy() checks the status of qdisc, not the skb queue.

Is there any reason why we do not check the skb queue in the dqisc?
It seems there may be skb left when netdev is deactivated, maybe at least warn
about that when there is still skb left when netdev is deactivated?
Is that why we call qdisc_reset() to clear the leftover skb in qdisc_destroy()?

> 
> 
>> some_qdisc_is_busy() can return false. I am not sure this is really a problem, but
>> sch_direct_xmit() may requeue the skb when dev_hard_start_xmit return TX_BUSY.
> 
> Sounds like another reason we should move the reset as late as possible?

Why?

There current netdev down order is mainly below:

netif_tx_stop_all_queues()

dev_deactivate_queue()

synchronize_net()

dev_reset_queue()

some_qdisc_is_busy()


You suggest to change it to below order, right?

netif_tx_stop_all_queues()

dev_deactivate_queue()

synchronize_net()

some_qdisc_is_busy()

dev_reset_queue()


What is the semantics of some_qdisc_is_busy()?
>From my understanding, we can do anything about the old qdisc (including
destorying the old qdisc) after some_qdisc_is_busy() return false.

> 
> Thanks.
> .
> 

Powered by blists - more mailing lists