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Date:   Thu, 3 Dec 2020 10:40:14 -0800
From:   Alexei Starovoitov <>
Cc:,,,,,,,, Mariusz Dudek <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 bpf-next 0/2] libbpf: add support for
 privileged/unprivileged control separation

On Thu, Dec 03, 2020 at 10:05:44AM +0100, wrote:
> From: Mariusz Dudek <>
> This patch series adds support for separation of eBPF program
> load and xsk socket creation. In for example a Kubernetes
> environment you can have an AF_XDP CNI or daemonset that is 
> responsible for launching pods that execute an application 
> using AF_XDP sockets. It is desirable that the pod runs with
> as low privileges as possible, CAP_NET_RAW in this case, 
> and that all operations that require privileges are contained
> in the CNI or daemonset.
> In this case, you have to be able separate ePBF program load from
> xsk socket creation.
> Currently, this will not work with the xsk_socket__create APIs
> because you need to have CAP_NET_ADMIN privileges to load eBPF
> program and CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileges to create update xsk_bpf_maps.
> To be exact xsk_set_bpf_maps does not need those privileges but
> it takes the prog_fd and xsks_map_fd and those are known only to
> process that was loading eBPF program. The api bpf_prog_get_fd_by_id
> that looks up the fd of the prog using an prog_id and
> bpf_map_get_fd_by_id that looks for xsks_map_fd usinb map_id both
> requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN.
> With this patch, the pod can be run with CAP_NET_RAW capability
> only. In case your umem is larger or equal process limit for
> MEMLOCK you need either increase the limit or CAP_IPC_LOCK capability. 
> Without this patch in case of insufficient rights ENOPERM is
> returned by xsk_socket__create.
> To resolve this privileges issue two new APIs are introduced:
> - xsk_setup_xdp_prog - loads the built in XDP program. It can
> also return xsks_map_fd which is needed by unprivileged
> process to update xsks_map with AF_XDP socket "fd"
> - xsk_sokcet__update_xskmap - inserts an AF_XDP socket into an
> xskmap for a particular xsk_socket
> Usage example:
> int xsk_setup_xdp_prog(int ifindex, int *xsks_map_fd)
> int xsk_socket__update_xskmap(struct xsk_socket *xsk, int xsks_map_fd);
> Inserts AF_XDP socket "fd" into the xskmap.
> The first patch introduces the new APIs. The second patch provides
> a new sample applications working as control and modification to
> existing xdpsock application to work with less privileges.
> This patch set is based on bpf-next commit 97306be45fbe
> (Merge branch 'switch to memcg-based memory accounting')
> Since v6
> - rebase on 97306be45fbe to resolve RLIMIT conflicts

Applied, Thanks

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