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Date:   Thu, 10 Dec 2020 20:27:31 -0800
From:   Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>
To:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, <ast@...com>,
        <daniel@...earbox.net>
CC:     <andrii@...nel.org>, <kernel-team@...com>
Subject: [PATCH RFC bpf-next  1/4] selftests/bpf: sync RCU before unloading bpf_testmod

If some of the subtests use module BTFs through ksyms, they will cause
bpf_prog to take a refcount on bpf_testmod module, which will prevent it from
successfully unloading. Module's refcnt is decremented when bpf_prog is freed,
which generally happens in RCU callback. So reuse kernel_sync_rcu(), so far
utilized by map-in-map selftest, to wait a bit before attempting to unload
bpf_testmod.

Fixes: 9f7fa225894c ("selftests/bpf: Add bpf_testmod kernel module for testing")
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>
---
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/btf_map_in_map.c | 33 ---------------
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.c      | 40 +++++++++++++++++++
 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.h      |  1 +
 3 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/btf_map_in_map.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/btf_map_in_map.c
index 76ebe4c250f1..eb90a6b8850d 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/btf_map_in_map.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/btf_map_in_map.c
@@ -20,39 +20,6 @@ static __u32 bpf_map_id(struct bpf_map *map)
 	return info.id;
 }
 
-/*
- * Trigger synchronize_rcu() in kernel.
- *
- * ARRAY_OF_MAPS/HASH_OF_MAPS lookup/update operations trigger synchronize_rcu()
- * if looking up an existing non-NULL element or updating the map with a valid
- * inner map FD. Use this fact to trigger synchronize_rcu(): create map-in-map,
- * create a trivial ARRAY map, update map-in-map with ARRAY inner map. Then
- * cleanup. At the end, at least one synchronize_rcu() would be called.
- */
-static int kern_sync_rcu(void)
-{
-	int inner_map_fd, outer_map_fd, err, zero = 0;
-
-	inner_map_fd = bpf_create_map(BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY, 4, 4, 1, 0);
-	if (CHECK(inner_map_fd < 0, "inner_map_create", "failed %d\n", -errno))
-		return -1;
-
-	outer_map_fd = bpf_create_map_in_map(BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY_OF_MAPS, NULL,
-					     sizeof(int), inner_map_fd, 1, 0);
-	if (CHECK(outer_map_fd < 0, "outer_map_create", "failed %d\n", -errno)) {
-		close(inner_map_fd);
-		return -1;
-	}
-
-	err = bpf_map_update_elem(outer_map_fd, &zero, &inner_map_fd, 0);
-	if (err)
-		err = -errno;
-	CHECK(err, "outer_map_update", "failed %d\n", err);
-	close(inner_map_fd);
-	close(outer_map_fd);
-	return err;
-}
-
 static void test_lookup_update(void)
 {
 	int map1_fd, map2_fd, map3_fd, map4_fd, map5_fd, map1_id, map2_id;
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.c
index 5ef081bdae4e..6e59e6bcb5d4 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.c
@@ -370,8 +370,48 @@ static int delete_module(const char *name, int flags)
 	return syscall(__NR_delete_module, name, flags);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Trigger synchronize_rcu() in kernel.
+ *
+ * ARRAY_OF_MAPS/HASH_OF_MAPS lookup/update operations trigger synchronize_rcu()
+ * if looking up an existing non-NULL element or updating the map with a valid
+ * inner map FD. Use this fact to trigger synchronize_rcu(): create map-in-map,
+ * create a trivial ARRAY map, update map-in-map with ARRAY inner map. Then
+ * cleanup. At the end, at least one synchronize_rcu() would be called.
+ */
+int kern_sync_rcu(void)
+{
+	int inner_map_fd, outer_map_fd, err, zero = 0;
+
+	inner_map_fd = bpf_create_map(BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY, 4, 4, 1, 0);
+	if (inner_map_fd < 0) {
+		fprintf(env.stderr,
+			"sync_rcu: failed to created outer map: %d\n", -errno);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	outer_map_fd = bpf_create_map_in_map(BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY_OF_MAPS, NULL,
+					     sizeof(int), inner_map_fd, 1, 0);
+	if (outer_map_fd < 0) {
+		fprintf(env.stderr,
+			"sync_rcu: failed to created outer map: %d\n", -errno);
+		close(inner_map_fd);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	err = bpf_map_update_elem(outer_map_fd, &zero, &inner_map_fd, 0);
+	if (err)
+		err = -errno;
+
+	close(inner_map_fd);
+	close(outer_map_fd);
+	return err;
+}
+
 static void unload_bpf_testmod(void)
 {
+	if (kern_sync_rcu())
+		fprintf(env.stderr, "Failed to trigger kernel-side RCU sync!\n");
 	if (delete_module("bpf_testmod", 0)) {
 		if (errno == ENOENT) {
 			if (env.verbosity > VERBOSE_NONE)
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.h b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.h
index 115953243f62..e49e2fdde942 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.h
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_progs.h
@@ -219,6 +219,7 @@ int bpf_find_map(const char *test, struct bpf_object *obj, const char *name);
 int compare_map_keys(int map1_fd, int map2_fd);
 int compare_stack_ips(int smap_fd, int amap_fd, int stack_trace_len);
 int extract_build_id(char *build_id, size_t size);
+int kern_sync_rcu(void);
 
 #ifdef __x86_64__
 #define SYS_NANOSLEEP_KPROBE_NAME "__x64_sys_nanosleep"
-- 
2.24.1

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