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Date:   Thu, 8 Apr 2021 17:36:38 +0800
From:   Yongji Xie <xieyongji@...edance.com>
To:     Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com>
Cc:     "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>,
        Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@...hat.com>,
        Stefano Garzarella <sgarzare@...hat.com>,
        Parav Pandit <parav@...dia.com>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@...onical.com>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk,
        Jens Axboe <axboe@...nel.dk>, bcrl@...ck.org,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Mika Penttilä <mika.penttila@...tfour.com>,
        Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@...cle.com>,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: Re: [PATCH v6 09/10] vduse: Introduce VDUSE - vDPA Device in Userspace

On Thu, Apr 8, 2021 at 2:57 PM Jason Wang <jasowang@...hat.com> wrote:
>
>
> 在 2021/3/31 下午4:05, Xie Yongji 写道:
> > This VDUSE driver enables implementing vDPA devices in userspace.
> > Both control path and data path of vDPA devices will be able to
> > be handled in userspace.
> >
> > In the control path, the VDUSE driver will make use of message
> > mechnism to forward the config operation from vdpa bus driver
> > to userspace. Userspace can use read()/write() to receive/reply
> > those control messages.
> >
> > In the data path, VDUSE_IOTLB_GET_FD ioctl will be used to get
> > the file descriptors referring to vDPA device's iova regions. Then
> > userspace can use mmap() to access those iova regions. Besides,
> > userspace can use ioctl() to inject interrupt and use the eventfd
> > mechanism to receive virtqueue kicks.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Xie Yongji <xieyongji@...edance.com>
> > ---
> >   Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst |    1 +
> >   drivers/vdpa/Kconfig                               |   10 +
> >   drivers/vdpa/Makefile                              |    1 +
> >   drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/Makefile                    |    5 +
> >   drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/vduse_dev.c                 | 1362 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >   include/uapi/linux/vduse.h                         |  175 +++
> >   6 files changed, 1554 insertions(+)
> >   create mode 100644 drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/Makefile
> >   create mode 100644 drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/vduse_dev.c
> >   create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/vduse.h
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> > index a4c75a28c839..71722e6f8f23 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> > +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst
> > @@ -300,6 +300,7 @@ Code  Seq#    Include File                                           Comments
> >   'z'   10-4F  drivers/s390/crypto/zcrypt_api.h                        conflict!
> >   '|'   00-7F  linux/media.h
> >   0x80  00-1F  linux/fb.h
> > +0x81  00-1F  linux/vduse.h
> >   0x89  00-06  arch/x86/include/asm/sockios.h
> >   0x89  0B-DF  linux/sockios.h
> >   0x89  E0-EF  linux/sockios.h                                         SIOCPROTOPRIVATE range
> > diff --git a/drivers/vdpa/Kconfig b/drivers/vdpa/Kconfig
> > index a245809c99d0..77a1da522c21 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vdpa/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/vdpa/Kconfig
> > @@ -25,6 +25,16 @@ config VDPA_SIM_NET
> >       help
> >         vDPA networking device simulator which loops TX traffic back to RX.
> >
> > +config VDPA_USER
> > +     tristate "VDUSE (vDPA Device in Userspace) support"
> > +     depends on EVENTFD && MMU && HAS_DMA
> > +     select DMA_OPS
> > +     select VHOST_IOTLB
> > +     select IOMMU_IOVA
> > +     help
> > +       With VDUSE it is possible to emulate a vDPA Device
> > +       in a userspace program.
> > +
> >   config IFCVF
> >       tristate "Intel IFC VF vDPA driver"
> >       depends on PCI_MSI
> > diff --git a/drivers/vdpa/Makefile b/drivers/vdpa/Makefile
> > index 67fe7f3d6943..f02ebed33f19 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vdpa/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/vdpa/Makefile
> > @@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
> >   # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_VDPA) += vdpa.o
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_VDPA_SIM) += vdpa_sim/
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_VDPA_USER) += vdpa_user/
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_IFCVF)    += ifcvf/
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_MLX5_VDPA) += mlx5/
> >   obj-$(CONFIG_VP_VDPA)    += virtio_pci/
> > diff --git a/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/Makefile b/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/Makefile
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..260e0b26af99
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/Makefile
> > @@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
> > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +vduse-y := vduse_dev.o iova_domain.o
> > +
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_VDPA_USER) += vduse.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/vduse_dev.c b/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/vduse_dev.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..51ca73464d0d
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/vdpa/vdpa_user/vduse_dev.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,1362 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> > +/*
> > + * VDUSE: vDPA Device in Userspace
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020-2021 Bytedance Inc. and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
> > + *
> > + * Author: Xie Yongji <xieyongji@...edance.com>
> > + *
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/init.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> > +#include <linux/cdev.h>
> > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > +#include <linux/eventfd.h>
> > +#include <linux/slab.h>
> > +#include <linux/wait.h>
> > +#include <linux/dma-map-ops.h>
> > +#include <linux/poll.h>
> > +#include <linux/file.h>
> > +#include <linux/uio.h>
> > +#include <linux/vdpa.h>
> > +#include <uapi/linux/vduse.h>
> > +#include <uapi/linux/vdpa.h>
> > +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_config.h>
> > +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> > +
> > +#include "iova_domain.h"
> > +
> > +#define DRV_VERSION  "1.0"
> > +#define DRV_AUTHOR   "Yongji Xie <xieyongji@...edance.com>"
> > +#define DRV_DESC     "vDPA Device in Userspace"
> > +#define DRV_LICENSE  "GPL v2"
> > +
> > +#define VDUSE_DEV_MAX (1U << MINORBITS)
> > +
> > +struct vduse_virtqueue {
> > +     u16 index;
> > +     bool ready;
> > +     spinlock_t kick_lock;
> > +     spinlock_t irq_lock;
> > +     struct eventfd_ctx *kickfd;
> > +     struct vdpa_callback cb;
> > +     struct work_struct inject;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev;
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vdpa {
> > +     struct vdpa_device vdpa;
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev {
> > +     struct vduse_vdpa *vdev;
> > +     struct device dev;
> > +     struct cdev cdev;
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vqs;
> > +     struct vduse_iova_domain *domain;
> > +     struct mutex lock;
> > +     spinlock_t msg_lock;
> > +     atomic64_t msg_unique;
> > +     wait_queue_head_t waitq;
> > +     struct list_head send_list;
> > +     struct list_head recv_list;
> > +     struct list_head list;
> > +     struct vdpa_callback config_cb;
> > +     spinlock_t irq_lock;
> > +     unsigned long api_version;
> > +     bool connected;
> > +     int minor;
> > +     u16 vq_size_max;
> > +     u16 vq_num;
> > +     u32 vq_align;
> > +     u32 device_id;
> > +     u32 vendor_id;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev_msg {
> > +     struct vduse_dev_request req;
> > +     struct vduse_dev_response resp;
> > +     struct list_head list;
> > +     wait_queue_head_t waitq;
> > +     bool completed;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_control {
> > +     unsigned long api_version;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static unsigned long max_bounce_size = (64 * 1024 * 1024);
> > +module_param(max_bounce_size, ulong, 0444);
> > +MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_bounce_size, "Maximum bounce buffer size. (default: 64M)");
> > +
> > +static unsigned long max_iova_size = (128 * 1024 * 1024);
> > +module_param(max_iova_size, ulong, 0444);
> > +MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_iova_size, "Maximum iova space size (default: 128M)");
> > +
> > +static DEFINE_MUTEX(vduse_lock);
> > +static LIST_HEAD(vduse_devs);
> > +static DEFINE_IDA(vduse_ida);
> > +
> > +static dev_t vduse_major;
> > +static struct class *vduse_class;
> > +static struct workqueue_struct *vduse_irq_wq;
> > +
> > +static inline struct vduse_dev *vdpa_to_vduse(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_vdpa *vdev = container_of(vdpa, struct vduse_vdpa, vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return vdev->dev;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline struct vduse_dev *dev_to_vduse(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > +     struct vdpa_device *vdpa = dev_to_vdpa(dev);
> > +
> > +     return vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct vduse_dev_msg *vduse_find_msg(struct list_head *head,
> > +                                         uint32_t request_id)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg *tmp, *msg = NULL;
> > +
> > +     list_for_each_entry(tmp, head, list) {
> > +             if (tmp->req.request_id == request_id) {
> > +                     msg = tmp;
> > +                     list_del(&tmp->list);
> > +                     break;
> > +             }
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return msg;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct vduse_dev_msg *vduse_dequeue_msg(struct list_head *head)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg *msg = NULL;
> > +
> > +     if (!list_empty(head)) {
> > +             msg = list_first_entry(head, struct vduse_dev_msg, list);
> > +             list_del(&msg->list);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return msg;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_enqueue_msg(struct list_head *head,
> > +                           struct vduse_dev_msg *msg)
> > +{
> > +     list_add_tail(&msg->list, head);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_msg_sync(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                           struct vduse_dev_msg *msg)
> > +{
> > +     init_waitqueue_head(&msg->waitq);
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     vduse_enqueue_msg(&dev->send_list, msg);
> > +     wake_up(&dev->waitq);
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     wait_event_interruptible(msg->waitq, msg->completed);
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     if (!msg->completed)
> > +             list_del(&msg->list);
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +
> > +     return (msg->resp.result == VDUSE_REQUEST_OK) ? 0 : -1;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u32 vduse_dev_get_request_id(struct vduse_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +     return atomic64_fetch_inc(&dev->msg_unique);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u64 vduse_dev_get_features(struct vduse_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_GET_FEATURES;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg) ? 0 : msg.resp.f.features;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_set_features(struct vduse_dev *dev, u64 features)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_FEATURES;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.f.features = features;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u8 vduse_dev_get_status(struct vduse_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_GET_STATUS;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg) ? 0 : msg.resp.s.status;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_set_status(struct vduse_dev *dev, u8 status)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_STATUS;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.s.status = status;
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_get_config(struct vduse_dev *dev, unsigned int offset,
> > +                              void *buf, unsigned int len)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +     unsigned int sz;
> > +
> > +     while (len) {
> > +             sz = min_t(unsigned int, len, sizeof(msg.req.config.data));
> > +             msg.req.type = VDUSE_GET_CONFIG;
> > +             msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +             msg.req.config.offset = offset;
> > +             msg.req.config.len = sz;
> > +             vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +             memcpy(buf, msg.resp.config.data, sz);
> > +             buf += sz;
> > +             offset += sz;
> > +             len -= sz;
> > +     }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_set_config(struct vduse_dev *dev, unsigned int offset,
> > +                              const void *buf, unsigned int len)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +     unsigned int sz;
> > +
> > +     while (len) {
> > +             sz = min_t(unsigned int, len, sizeof(msg.req.config.data));
> > +             msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_CONFIG;
> > +             msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +             msg.req.config.offset = offset;
> > +             msg.req.config.len = sz;
> > +             memcpy(msg.req.config.data, buf, sz);
> > +             vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +             buf += sz;
> > +             offset += sz;
> > +             len -= sz;
> > +     }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_set_vq_num(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                              struct vduse_virtqueue *vq, u32 num)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_VQ_NUM;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_num.index = vq->index;
> > +     msg.req.vq_num.num = num;
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_set_vq_addr(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                              struct vduse_virtqueue *vq, u64 desc_addr,
> > +                              u64 driver_addr, u64 device_addr)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_VQ_ADDR;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_addr.index = vq->index;
> > +     msg.req.vq_addr.desc_addr = desc_addr;
> > +     msg.req.vq_addr.driver_addr = driver_addr;
> > +     msg.req.vq_addr.device_addr = device_addr;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_set_vq_ready(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                             struct vduse_virtqueue *vq, bool ready)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_VQ_READY;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_ready.index = vq->index;
> > +     msg.req.vq_ready.ready = ready;
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static bool vduse_dev_get_vq_ready(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                                struct vduse_virtqueue *vq)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_GET_VQ_READY;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_ready.index = vq->index;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg) ? false : msg.resp.vq_ready.ready;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_get_vq_state(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                             struct vduse_virtqueue *vq,
> > +                             struct vdpa_vq_state *state)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_GET_VQ_STATE;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_state.index = vq->index;
> > +
> > +     ret = vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +     if (!ret)
> > +             state->avail_index = msg.resp.vq_state.avail_idx;
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_set_vq_state(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                             struct vduse_virtqueue *vq,
> > +                             const struct vdpa_vq_state *state)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_SET_VQ_STATE;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.vq_state.index = vq->index;
> > +     msg.req.vq_state.avail_idx = state->avail_index;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_update_iotlb(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                             u64 start, u64 last)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg msg = { 0 };
> > +
> > +     if (last < start)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     msg.req.type = VDUSE_UPDATE_IOTLB;
> > +     msg.req.request_id = vduse_dev_get_request_id(dev);
> > +     msg.req.iova.start = start;
> > +     msg.req.iova.last = last;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_msg_sync(dev, &msg);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static ssize_t vduse_dev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
> > +{
> > +     struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = file->private_data;
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg *msg;
> > +     int size = sizeof(struct vduse_dev_request);
> > +     ssize_t ret = 0;
> > +
> > +     if (iov_iter_count(to) < size)
> > +             return 0;
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     while (1) {
> > +             msg = vduse_dequeue_msg(&dev->send_list);
> > +             if (msg)
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EAGAIN;
> > +             if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
> > +                     goto unlock;
> > +
> > +             spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +             ret = wait_event_interruptible_exclusive(dev->waitq,
> > +                                     !list_empty(&dev->send_list));
> > +             if (ret)
> > +                     return ret;
> > +
> > +             spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     }
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     ret = copy_to_iter(&msg->req, size, to);
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     if (ret != size) {
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             vduse_enqueue_msg(&dev->send_list, msg);
> > +             goto unlock;
> > +     }
> > +     vduse_enqueue_msg(&dev->recv_list, msg);
> > +     wake_up(&dev->waitq);
> > +unlock:
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static ssize_t vduse_dev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
> > +{
> > +     struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = file->private_data;
> > +     struct vduse_dev_response resp;
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg *msg;
> > +     size_t ret;
> > +
> > +     ret = copy_from_iter(&resp, sizeof(resp), from);
> > +     if (ret != sizeof(resp))
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     msg = vduse_find_msg(&dev->recv_list, resp.request_id);
> > +     if (!msg) {
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             goto unlock;
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     memcpy(&msg->resp, &resp, sizeof(resp));
> > +     msg->completed = 1;
> > +     wake_up(&msg->waitq);
> > +unlock:
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static __poll_t vduse_dev_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = file->private_data;
> > +     __poll_t mask = 0;
> > +
> > +     poll_wait(file, &dev->waitq, wait);
> > +
> > +     if (!list_empty(&dev->send_list))
> > +             mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
> > +     if (!list_empty(&dev->recv_list))
> > +             mask |= EPOLLOUT;
> > +
> > +     return mask;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_reset(struct vduse_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +     int i;
> > +
> > +     /* The coherent mappings are handled in vduse_dev_free_coherent() */
> > +     vduse_domain_reset_bounce_map(dev->domain);
> > +     vduse_dev_update_iotlb(dev, 0ULL, ULLONG_MAX);
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +     dev->config_cb.callback = NULL;
> > +     dev->config_cb.private = NULL;
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +
> > +     for (i = 0; i < dev->vq_num; i++) {
> > +             struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[i];
> > +
> > +             spin_lock(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +             vq->ready = false;
> > +             vq->cb.callback = NULL;
> > +             vq->cb.private = NULL;
> > +             spin_unlock(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +     }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_vdpa_set_vq_address(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx,
> > +                             u64 desc_area, u64 driver_area,
> > +                             u64 device_area)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_set_vq_addr(dev, vq, desc_area,
> > +                                     driver_area, device_area);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_kick_vq(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +     if (vq->ready && vq->kickfd)
> > +             eventfd_signal(vq->kickfd, 1);
> > +     spin_unlock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_vq_cb(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx,
> > +                           struct vdpa_callback *cb)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +     vq->cb.callback = cb->callback;
> > +     vq->cb.private = cb->private;
> > +     spin_unlock(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_vq_num(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx, u32 num)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_set_vq_num(dev, vq, num);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_vq_ready(struct vdpa_device *vdpa,
> > +                                     u16 idx, bool ready)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_set_vq_ready(dev, vq, ready);
> > +     vq->ready = ready;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static bool vduse_vdpa_get_vq_ready(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     vq->ready = vduse_dev_get_vq_ready(dev, vq);
> > +
> > +     return vq->ready;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_vdpa_set_vq_state(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx,
> > +                             const struct vdpa_vq_state *state)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_set_vq_state(dev, vq, state);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_vdpa_get_vq_state(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u16 idx,
> > +                             struct vdpa_vq_state *state)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[idx];
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_get_vq_state(dev, vq, state);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u32 vduse_vdpa_get_vq_align(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return dev->vq_align;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u64 vduse_vdpa_get_features(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_get_features(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_vdpa_set_features(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u64 features)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     if (!(features & (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM)))
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_set_features(dev, features);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_config_cb(struct vdpa_device *vdpa,
> > +                               struct vdpa_callback *cb)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +     dev->config_cb.callback = cb->callback;
> > +     dev->config_cb.private = cb->private;
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u16 vduse_vdpa_get_vq_num_max(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return dev->vq_size_max;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u32 vduse_vdpa_get_device_id(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return dev->device_id;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u32 vduse_vdpa_get_vendor_id(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return dev->vendor_id;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static u8 vduse_vdpa_get_status(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     return vduse_dev_get_status(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_status(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, u8 status)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_set_status(dev, status);
> > +
> > +     if (status == 0)
> > +             vduse_dev_reset(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_get_config(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, unsigned int offset,
> > +                          void *buf, unsigned int len)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_get_config(dev, offset, buf, len);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_set_config(struct vdpa_device *vdpa, unsigned int offset,
> > +                     const void *buf, unsigned int len)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     vduse_dev_set_config(dev, offset, buf, len);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_vdpa_set_map(struct vdpa_device *vdpa,
> > +                             struct vhost_iotlb *iotlb)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     ret = vduse_domain_set_map(dev->domain, iotlb);
> > +     vduse_dev_update_iotlb(dev, 0ULL, ULLONG_MAX);
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vdpa_free(struct vdpa_device *vdpa)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vdpa_to_vduse(vdpa);
> > +
> > +     WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dev->send_list));
> > +     WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dev->recv_list));
> > +     dev->vdev = NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct vdpa_config_ops vduse_vdpa_config_ops = {
> > +     .set_vq_address         = vduse_vdpa_set_vq_address,
> > +     .kick_vq                = vduse_vdpa_kick_vq,
> > +     .set_vq_cb              = vduse_vdpa_set_vq_cb,
> > +     .set_vq_num             = vduse_vdpa_set_vq_num,
> > +     .set_vq_ready           = vduse_vdpa_set_vq_ready,
> > +     .get_vq_ready           = vduse_vdpa_get_vq_ready,
> > +     .set_vq_state           = vduse_vdpa_set_vq_state,
> > +     .get_vq_state           = vduse_vdpa_get_vq_state,
> > +     .get_vq_align           = vduse_vdpa_get_vq_align,
> > +     .get_features           = vduse_vdpa_get_features,
> > +     .set_features           = vduse_vdpa_set_features,
> > +     .set_config_cb          = vduse_vdpa_set_config_cb,
> > +     .get_vq_num_max         = vduse_vdpa_get_vq_num_max,
> > +     .get_device_id          = vduse_vdpa_get_device_id,
> > +     .get_vendor_id          = vduse_vdpa_get_vendor_id,
> > +     .get_status             = vduse_vdpa_get_status,
> > +     .set_status             = vduse_vdpa_set_status,
> > +     .get_config             = vduse_vdpa_get_config,
> > +     .set_config             = vduse_vdpa_set_config,
> > +     .set_map                = vduse_vdpa_set_map,
> > +     .free                   = vduse_vdpa_free,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static dma_addr_t vduse_dev_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> > +                                  unsigned long offset, size_t size,
> > +                                  enum dma_data_direction dir,
> > +                                  unsigned long attrs)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *vdev = dev_to_vduse(dev);
> > +     struct vduse_iova_domain *domain = vdev->domain;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_domain_map_page(domain, page, offset, size, dir, attrs);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
> > +                             size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> > +                             unsigned long attrs)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *vdev = dev_to_vduse(dev);
> > +     struct vduse_iova_domain *domain = vdev->domain;
> > +
> > +     return vduse_domain_unmap_page(domain, dma_addr, size, dir, attrs);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void *vduse_dev_alloc_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> > +                                     dma_addr_t *dma_addr, gfp_t flag,
> > +                                     unsigned long attrs)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *vdev = dev_to_vduse(dev);
> > +     struct vduse_iova_domain *domain = vdev->domain;
> > +     unsigned long iova;
> > +     void *addr;
> > +
> > +     *dma_addr = DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> > +     addr = vduse_domain_alloc_coherent(domain, size,
> > +                             (dma_addr_t *)&iova, flag, attrs);
> > +     if (!addr)
> > +             return NULL;
> > +
> > +     *dma_addr = (dma_addr_t)iova;
> > +     vduse_dev_update_iotlb(vdev, iova, iova + size - 1);
> > +
> > +     return addr;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_free_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> > +                                     void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
> > +                                     unsigned long attrs)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *vdev = dev_to_vduse(dev);
> > +     struct vduse_iova_domain *domain = vdev->domain;
> > +     unsigned long start = (unsigned long)dma_addr;
> > +     unsigned long last = start + size - 1;
> > +
> > +     vduse_domain_free_coherent(domain, size, vaddr, dma_addr, attrs);
> > +     vduse_dev_update_iotlb(vdev, start, last);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct dma_map_ops vduse_dev_dma_ops = {
> > +     .map_page = vduse_dev_map_page,
> > +     .unmap_page = vduse_dev_unmap_page,
> > +     .alloc = vduse_dev_alloc_coherent,
> > +     .free = vduse_dev_free_coherent,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static unsigned int perm_to_file_flags(u8 perm)
> > +{
> > +     unsigned int flags = 0;
> > +
> > +     switch (perm) {
> > +     case VDUSE_ACCESS_WO:
> > +             flags |= O_WRONLY;
> > +             break;
> > +     case VDUSE_ACCESS_RO:
> > +             flags |= O_RDONLY;
> > +             break;
> > +     case VDUSE_ACCESS_RW:
> > +             flags |= O_RDWR;
> > +             break;
> > +     default:
> > +             WARN(1, "invalidate vhost IOTLB permission\n");
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return flags;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_kickfd_setup(struct vduse_dev *dev,
> > +                     struct vduse_vq_eventfd *eventfd)
> > +{
> > +     struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = NULL;
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq;
> > +
> > +     if (eventfd->index >= dev->vq_num)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     vq = &dev->vqs[eventfd->index];
> > +     if (eventfd->fd > 0) {
> > +             ctx = eventfd_ctx_fdget(eventfd->fd);
> > +             if (IS_ERR(ctx))
> > +                     return PTR_ERR(ctx);
> > +     } else if (eventfd->fd != VDUSE_EVENTFD_DEASSIGN)
> > +             return 0;
>
>
> Do we allow the userspace to switch kickfd here? If yes, we need to deal
> with that.
>

Do you mean the case that eventfd->fd > 0? I think we have dealt with it.

>
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +     if (vq->kickfd)
> > +             eventfd_ctx_put(vq->kickfd);
> > +     vq->kickfd = ctx;
> > +     spin_unlock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_vq_irq_inject(struct work_struct *work)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = container_of(work,
> > +                                     struct vduse_virtqueue, inject);
> > +
> > +     spin_lock_irq(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +     if (vq->ready && vq->cb.callback)
> > +             vq->cb.callback(vq->cb.private);
> > +     spin_unlock_irq(&vq->irq_lock);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static long vduse_dev_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
> > +                         unsigned long arg)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = file->private_data;
> > +     void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     switch (cmd) {
> > +     case VDUSE_IOTLB_GET_FD: {
> > +             struct vduse_iotlb_entry entry;
> > +             struct vhost_iotlb_map *map;
> > +             struct vdpa_map_file *map_file;
> > +             struct vduse_iova_domain *domain = dev->domain;
> > +             struct file *f = NULL;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             if (copy_from_user(&entry, argp, sizeof(entry)))
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             if (entry.start > entry.last)
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             spin_lock(&domain->iotlb_lock);
> > +             map = vhost_iotlb_itree_first(domain->iotlb,
> > +                                           entry.start, entry.last);
> > +             if (map) {
> > +                     map_file = (struct vdpa_map_file *)map->opaque;
> > +                     f = get_file(map_file->file);
> > +                     entry.offset = map_file->offset;
> > +                     entry.start = map->start;
> > +                     entry.last = map->last;
> > +                     entry.perm = map->perm;
> > +             }
> > +             spin_unlock(&domain->iotlb_lock);
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             if (!f)
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             if (copy_to_user(argp, &entry, sizeof(entry))) {
> > +                     fput(f);
> > +                     break;
> > +             }
> > +             ret = receive_fd(f, perm_to_file_flags(entry.perm));
> > +             fput(f);
>
>
> Any reason to drop the refcnt here?
>

We will do get_file() in receive_fd() too.

>
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +     case VDUSE_VQ_SETUP_KICKFD: {
> > +             struct vduse_vq_eventfd eventfd;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             if (copy_from_user(&eventfd, argp, sizeof(eventfd)))
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = vduse_kickfd_setup(dev, &eventfd);
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +     case VDUSE_INJECT_VQ_IRQ:
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             if (arg >= dev->vq_num)
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = 0;
> > +             queue_work(vduse_irq_wq, &dev->vqs[arg].inject);
> > +             break;
> > +     case VDUSE_INJECT_CONFIG_IRQ:
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             spin_lock_irq(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +             if (dev->config_cb.callback) {
> > +                     dev->config_cb.callback(dev->config_cb.private);
> > +                     ret = 0;
> > +             }
> > +             spin_unlock_irq(&dev->irq_lock);
>
>
> For consistency, is it better to use vduse_irq_wq here?
>

Looks good to me.

>
> > +             break;
> > +     default:
> > +             ret = -ENOIOCTLCMD;
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = file->private_data;
> > +     struct vduse_dev_msg *msg;
> > +     int i;
> > +
> > +     for (i = 0; i < dev->vq_num; i++) {
> > +             struct vduse_virtqueue *vq = &dev->vqs[i];
> > +
> > +             spin_lock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +             if (vq->kickfd)
> > +                     eventfd_ctx_put(vq->kickfd);
> > +             vq->kickfd = NULL;
> > +             spin_unlock(&vq->kick_lock);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     spin_lock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     /*  Make sure the inflight messages can processed */
>
>
> This might be better:
>
> /*  Make sure the inflight messages can processed after reconncection */
>

OK.

> > +     while ((msg = vduse_dequeue_msg(&dev->recv_list)))
> > +             vduse_enqueue_msg(&dev->send_list, msg);
> > +     spin_unlock(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +
> > +     dev->connected = false;
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
> > +                                     struct vduse_dev, cdev);
> > +     int ret = -EBUSY;
> > +
> > +     mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
> > +     if (dev->connected)
> > +             goto unlock;
> > +
> > +     ret = 0;
> > +     dev->connected = true;
> > +     file->private_data = dev;
> > +unlock:
> > +     mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct file_operations vduse_dev_fops = {
> > +     .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
> > +     .open           = vduse_dev_open,
> > +     .release        = vduse_dev_release,
> > +     .read_iter      = vduse_dev_read_iter,
> > +     .write_iter     = vduse_dev_write_iter,
> > +     .poll           = vduse_dev_poll,
> > +     .unlocked_ioctl = vduse_dev_ioctl,
> > +     .compat_ioctl   = compat_ptr_ioctl,
> > +     .llseek         = noop_llseek,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct vduse_dev *vduse_dev_create(void)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*dev), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +
> > +     if (!dev)
> > +             return NULL;
> > +
> > +     mutex_init(&dev->lock);
> > +     spin_lock_init(&dev->msg_lock);
> > +     INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->send_list);
> > +     INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->recv_list);
> > +     atomic64_set(&dev->msg_unique, 0);
> > +     spin_lock_init(&dev->irq_lock);
> > +
> > +     init_waitqueue_head(&dev->waitq);
> > +
> > +     return dev;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_dev_destroy(struct vduse_dev *dev)
> > +{
> > +     kfree(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct vduse_dev *vduse_find_dev(const char *name)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *tmp, *dev = NULL;
> > +
> > +     list_for_each_entry(tmp, &vduse_devs, list) {
> > +             if (!strcmp(dev_name(&tmp->dev), name)) {
> > +                     dev = tmp;
> > +                     break;
> > +             }
> > +     }
> > +     return dev;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_destroy_dev(char *name)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev = vduse_find_dev(name);
> > +
> > +     if (!dev)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
> > +     if (dev->vdev || dev->connected) {
> > +             mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
> > +             return -EBUSY;
> > +     }
> > +     dev->connected = true;
> > +     mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
> > +
> > +     list_del(&dev->list);
> > +     cdev_device_del(&dev->cdev, &dev->dev);
> > +     put_device(&dev->dev);
> > +     module_put(THIS_MODULE);
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_release_dev(struct device *device)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev =
> > +             container_of(device, struct vduse_dev, dev);
> > +
> > +     ida_simple_remove(&vduse_ida, dev->minor);
> > +     kfree(dev->vqs);
> > +     vduse_domain_destroy(dev->domain);
> > +     vduse_dev_destroy(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_create_dev(struct vduse_dev_config *config,
> > +                         unsigned long api_version)
> > +{
> > +     int i, ret = -ENOMEM;
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev;
> > +
> > +     if (config->bounce_size > max_bounce_size)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     if (config->bounce_size > max_iova_size)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     if (vduse_find_dev(config->name))
> > +             return -EEXIST;
> > +
> > +     dev = vduse_dev_create();
> > +     if (!dev)
> > +             return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > +     dev->api_version = api_version;
> > +     dev->device_id = config->device_id;
> > +     dev->vendor_id = config->vendor_id;
> > +     dev->domain = vduse_domain_create(max_iova_size - 1,
> > +                                     config->bounce_size);
> > +     if (!dev->domain)
> > +             goto err_domain;
> > +
> > +     dev->vq_align = config->vq_align;
> > +     dev->vq_size_max = config->vq_size_max;
> > +     dev->vq_num = config->vq_num;
> > +     dev->vqs = kcalloc(dev->vq_num, sizeof(*dev->vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +     if (!dev->vqs)
> > +             goto err_vqs;
> > +
> > +     for (i = 0; i < dev->vq_num; i++) {
> > +             dev->vqs[i].index = i;
> > +             INIT_WORK(&dev->vqs[i].inject, vduse_vq_irq_inject);
> > +             spin_lock_init(&dev->vqs[i].kick_lock);
> > +             spin_lock_init(&dev->vqs[i].irq_lock);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     ret = ida_simple_get(&vduse_ida, 0, VDUSE_DEV_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
> > +     if (ret < 0)
> > +             goto err_ida;
> > +
> > +     dev->minor = ret;
> > +     device_initialize(&dev->dev);
> > +     dev->dev.release = vduse_release_dev;
> > +     dev->dev.class = vduse_class;
> > +     dev->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(vduse_major), dev->minor);
> > +     ret = dev_set_name(&dev->dev, "%s", config->name);
> > +     if (ret) {
> > +             put_device(&dev->dev);
> > +             return ret;
> > +     }
> > +     cdev_init(&dev->cdev, &vduse_dev_fops);
> > +     dev->cdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
> > +
> > +     ret = cdev_device_add(&dev->cdev, &dev->dev);
> > +     if (ret) {
> > +             put_device(&dev->dev);
> > +             return ret;
>
>
> Let's introduce an error label for this.
>

But put_device() would be duplicated with the below error handling.

>
> > +     }
> > +     list_add(&dev->list, &vduse_devs);
> > +     __module_get(THIS_MODULE);
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +err_ida:
> > +     kfree(dev->vqs);
> > +err_vqs:
> > +     vduse_domain_destroy(dev->domain);
> > +err_domain:
> > +     vduse_dev_destroy(dev);
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static long vduse_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
> > +                     unsigned long arg)
> > +{
> > +     int ret;
> > +     void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
> > +     struct vduse_control *control = file->private_data;
> > +
> > +     mutex_lock(&vduse_lock);
> > +     switch (cmd) {
> > +     case VDUSE_GET_API_VERSION:
> > +             ret = control->api_version;
> > +             break;
> > +     case VDUSE_SET_API_VERSION:
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             if (arg > VDUSE_API_VERSION)
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = 0;
> > +             control->api_version = arg;
> > +             break;
> > +     case VDUSE_CREATE_DEV: {
> > +             struct vduse_dev_config config;
> > +
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             if (copy_from_user(&config, argp, sizeof(config)))
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = vduse_create_dev(&config, control->api_version);
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +     case VDUSE_DESTROY_DEV: {
> > +             char name[VDUSE_NAME_MAX];
> > +
> > +             ret = -EFAULT;
> > +             if (copy_from_user(name, argp, VDUSE_NAME_MAX))
> > +                     break;
> > +
> > +             ret = vduse_destroy_dev(name);
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +     default:
> > +             ret = -EINVAL;
> > +             break;
> > +     }
> > +     mutex_unlock(&vduse_lock);
> > +
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_control *control = file->private_data;
> > +
> > +     kfree(control);
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_control *control;
> > +
> > +     control = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vduse_control), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +     if (!control)
> > +             return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > +     control->api_version = VDUSE_API_VERSION;
> > +     file->private_data = control;
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct file_operations vduse_fops = {
> > +     .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
> > +     .open           = vduse_open,
> > +     .release        = vduse_release,
> > +     .unlocked_ioctl = vduse_ioctl,
> > +     .compat_ioctl   = compat_ptr_ioctl,
> > +     .llseek         = noop_llseek,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static char *vduse_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
> > +{
> > +     return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "vduse/%s", dev_name(dev));
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct miscdevice vduse_misc = {
> > +     .fops = &vduse_fops,
> > +     .minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
> > +     .name = "vduse",
> > +     .nodename = "vduse/control",
> > +};
> > +
> > +static void vduse_mgmtdev_release(struct device *dev)
> > +{
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct device vduse_mgmtdev = {
> > +     .init_name = "vduse",
> > +     .release = vduse_mgmtdev_release,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct vdpa_mgmt_dev mgmt_dev;
> > +
> > +static int vduse_dev_init_vdpa(struct vduse_dev *dev, const char *name)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_vdpa *vdev;
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     if (dev->vdev)
> > +             return -EEXIST;
> > +
> > +     vdev = vdpa_alloc_device(struct vduse_vdpa, vdpa, &dev->dev,
> > +                              &vduse_vdpa_config_ops, name, true);
> > +     if (!vdev)
> > +             return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > +     dev->vdev = vdev;
> > +     vdev->dev = dev;
> > +     vdev->vdpa.dev.dma_mask = &vdev->vdpa.dev.coherent_dma_mask;
> > +     ret = dma_set_mask_and_coherent(&vdev->vdpa.dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(64));
> > +     if (ret) {
> > +             put_device(&vdev->vdpa.dev);
> > +             return ret;
> > +     }
> > +     set_dma_ops(&vdev->vdpa.dev, &vduse_dev_dma_ops);
> > +     vdev->vdpa.dma_dev = &vdev->vdpa.dev;
> > +     vdev->vdpa.mdev = &mgmt_dev;
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vdpa_dev_add(struct vdpa_mgmt_dev *mdev, const char *name)
> > +{
> > +     struct vduse_dev *dev;
> > +     int ret = -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     mutex_lock(&vduse_lock);
> > +     dev = vduse_find_dev(name);
> > +     if (!dev) {
> > +             mutex_unlock(&vduse_lock);
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +     }
> > +     ret = vduse_dev_init_vdpa(dev, name);
> > +     mutex_unlock(&vduse_lock);
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             return ret;
> > +
> > +     ret = _vdpa_register_device(&dev->vdev->vdpa, dev->vq_num);
> > +     if (ret) {
> > +             put_device(&dev->vdev->vdpa.dev);
> > +             return ret;
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vdpa_dev_del(struct vdpa_mgmt_dev *mdev, struct vdpa_device *dev)
> > +{
> > +     _vdpa_unregister_device(dev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct vdpa_mgmtdev_ops vdpa_dev_mgmtdev_ops = {
> > +     .dev_add = vdpa_dev_add,
> > +     .dev_del = vdpa_dev_del,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
> > +     { VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
> > +     { 0 },
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct vdpa_mgmt_dev mgmt_dev = {
> > +     .device = &vduse_mgmtdev,
> > +     .id_table = id_table,
> > +     .ops = &vdpa_dev_mgmtdev_ops,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int vduse_mgmtdev_init(void)
> > +{
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     ret = device_register(&vduse_mgmtdev);
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             return ret;
> > +
> > +     ret = vdpa_mgmtdev_register(&mgmt_dev);
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             goto err;
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +err:
> > +     device_unregister(&vduse_mgmtdev);
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void vduse_mgmtdev_exit(void)
> > +{
> > +     vdpa_mgmtdev_unregister(&mgmt_dev);
> > +     device_unregister(&vduse_mgmtdev);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int vduse_init(void)
> > +{
> > +     int ret;
> > +
> > +     if (max_bounce_size >= max_iova_size)
> > +             return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > +     ret = misc_register(&vduse_misc);
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             return ret;
> > +
> > +     vduse_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "vduse");
> > +     if (IS_ERR(vduse_class)) {
> > +             ret = PTR_ERR(vduse_class);
> > +             goto err_class;
> > +     }
> > +     vduse_class->devnode = vduse_devnode;
> > +
> > +     ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&vduse_major, 0, VDUSE_DEV_MAX, "vduse");
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             goto err_chardev;
> > +
> > +     vduse_irq_wq = alloc_workqueue("vduse-irq",
> > +                             WQ_HIGHPRI | WQ_SYSFS | WQ_UNBOUND, 0);
> > +     if (!vduse_irq_wq)
> > +             goto err_wq;
> > +
> > +     ret = vduse_domain_init();
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             goto err_domain;
> > +
> > +     ret = vduse_mgmtdev_init();
> > +     if (ret)
> > +             goto err_mgmtdev;
> > +
> > +     return 0;
> > +err_mgmtdev:
> > +     vduse_domain_exit();
> > +err_domain:
> > +     destroy_workqueue(vduse_irq_wq);
> > +err_wq:
> > +     unregister_chrdev_region(vduse_major, VDUSE_DEV_MAX);
> > +err_chardev:
> > +     class_destroy(vduse_class);
> > +err_class:
> > +     misc_deregister(&vduse_misc);
> > +     return ret;
> > +}
> > +module_init(vduse_init);
> > +
> > +static void vduse_exit(void)
> > +{
> > +     misc_deregister(&vduse_misc);
> > +     class_destroy(vduse_class);
> > +     unregister_chrdev_region(vduse_major, VDUSE_DEV_MAX);
> > +     destroy_workqueue(vduse_irq_wq);
> > +     vduse_domain_exit();
> > +     vduse_mgmtdev_exit();
> > +}
> > +module_exit(vduse_exit);
> > +
> > +MODULE_VERSION(DRV_VERSION);
> > +MODULE_LICENSE(DRV_LICENSE);
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRV_AUTHOR);
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRV_DESC);
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vduse.h b/include/uapi/linux/vduse.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..66a6e5212226
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vduse.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,175 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
> > +#ifndef _UAPI_VDUSE_H_
> > +#define _UAPI_VDUSE_H_
> > +
> > +#include <linux/types.h>
> > +
> > +#define VDUSE_API_VERSION    0
> > +
> > +#define VDUSE_CONFIG_DATA_LEN        256
> > +#define VDUSE_NAME_MAX       256
> > +
> > +/* the control messages definition for read/write */
> > +
> > +enum vduse_req_type {
> > +     /* Set the vring address of virtqueue. */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_VQ_NUM,
> > +     /* Set the vring address of virtqueue. */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_VQ_ADDR,
> > +     /* Set ready status of virtqueue */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_VQ_READY,
> > +     /* Get ready status of virtqueue */
> > +     VDUSE_GET_VQ_READY,
> > +     /* Set the state for virtqueue */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_VQ_STATE,
> > +     /* Get the state for virtqueue */
> > +     VDUSE_GET_VQ_STATE,
> > +     /* Set virtio features supported by the driver */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_FEATURES,
> > +     /* Get virtio features supported by the device */
> > +     VDUSE_GET_FEATURES,
> > +     /* Set the device status */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_STATUS,
> > +     /* Get the device status */
> > +     VDUSE_GET_STATUS,
> > +     /* Write to device specific configuration space */
> > +     VDUSE_SET_CONFIG,
> > +     /* Read from device specific configuration space */
> > +     VDUSE_GET_CONFIG,
> > +     /* Notify userspace to update the memory mapping in device IOTLB */
> > +     VDUSE_UPDATE_IOTLB,
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vq_num {
> > +     __u32 index; /* virtqueue index */
>
>
> I think it's better to have a consistent style of the doc/comment. If
> yes, let's move those comment above the field.
>

Fine.

>
> > +     __u32 num; /* the size of virtqueue */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vq_addr {
> > +     __u32 index; /* virtqueue index */
> > +     __u64 desc_addr; /* address of desc area */
> > +     __u64 driver_addr; /* address of driver area */
> > +     __u64 device_addr; /* address of device area */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vq_ready {
> > +     __u32 index; /* virtqueue index */
> > +     __u8 ready; /* ready status of virtqueue */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vq_state {
> > +     __u32 index; /* virtqueue index */
> > +     __u16 avail_idx; /* virtqueue state (last_avail_idx) */
>
>
> Let's use __u64 here to be consistent with get_vq_state(). The idea is
> to support packed virtqueue.
>

OK. But looks like sizeof(struct vdpa_vq_state) is still equal to 2.
Do you mean we will extend it in the future?

>
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev_config_data {
> > +     __u32 offset; /* offset from the beginning of config space */
> > +     __u32 len; /* the length to read/write */
> > +     __u8 data[VDUSE_CONFIG_DATA_LEN]; /* data buffer used to read/write */
>
>
> Note that since VDUSE_CONFIG_DATA_LEN is part of uAPI it means we can
> not change it in the future.
>
> So this might suffcient for future features or all type of virtio devices.
>

Do you mean 256 is no enough here?

>
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_iova_range {
> > +     __u64 start; /* start of the IOVA range */
> > +     __u64 last; /* end of the IOVA range */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_features {
> > +     __u64 features; /* virtio features */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_status {
> > +     __u8 status; /* device status */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev_request {
> > +     __u32 type; /* request type */
> > +     __u32 request_id; /* request id */
> > +     __u32 reserved[2]; /* for future use */
> > +     union {
> > +             struct vduse_vq_num vq_num; /* virtqueue num */
> > +             struct vduse_vq_addr vq_addr; /* virtqueue address */
> > +             struct vduse_vq_ready vq_ready; /* virtqueue ready status */
> > +             struct vduse_vq_state vq_state; /* virtqueue state */
> > +             struct vduse_dev_config_data config; /* virtio device config space */
> > +             struct vduse_iova_range iova; /* iova range for updating */
> > +             struct vduse_features f; /* virtio features */
> > +             struct vduse_status s; /* device status */
> > +             __u32 padding[16]; /* padding */
> > +     };
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev_response {
> > +     __u32 request_id; /* corresponding request id */
> > +#define VDUSE_REQUEST_OK     0x00
> > +#define VDUSE_REQUEST_FAILED 0x01
> > +     __u32 result; /* the result of request */
> > +     __u32 reserved[2]; /* for future use */
> > +     union {
> > +             struct vduse_vq_ready vq_ready; /* virtqueue ready status */
> > +             struct vduse_vq_state vq_state; /* virtqueue state */
> > +             struct vduse_dev_config_data config; /* virtio device config space */
> > +             struct vduse_features f; /* virtio features */
> > +             struct vduse_status s; /* device status */
> > +             __u32 padding[16]; /* padding */
>
>
> So it looks to me this padding doesn't work since vduse_dev_config_data
> is larger than it.
>

Oh, my bad. Will fix it.

>
> > +     };
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* ioctls */
> > +
> > +struct vduse_dev_config {
> > +     char name[VDUSE_NAME_MAX]; /* vduse device name */
> > +     __u32 vendor_id; /* virtio vendor id */
> > +     __u32 device_id; /* virtio device id */
> > +     __u64 bounce_size; /* bounce buffer size for iommu */
> > +     __u16 vq_num; /* the number of virtqueues */
> > +     __u16 vq_size_max; /* the max size of virtqueue */
> > +     __u32 vq_align; /* the allocation alignment of virtqueue's metadata */
> > +     __u32 reserved[8]; /* for future use */
>
>
> Is there a hole before reserved?
>

But I don't find the hole in below layout:

| 256 | 4 | 4 | 8 | 2 | 2 | 4 | 32 |

>
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_iotlb_entry {
> > +     __u64 offset; /* the mmap offset on fd */
> > +     __u64 start; /* start of the IOVA range */
> > +     __u64 last; /* last of the IOVA range */
> > +#define VDUSE_ACCESS_RO 0x1
> > +#define VDUSE_ACCESS_WO 0x2
> > +#define VDUSE_ACCESS_RW 0x3
> > +     __u8 perm; /* access permission of this range */
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct vduse_vq_eventfd {
> > +     __u32 index; /* virtqueue index */
> > +#define VDUSE_EVENTFD_DEASSIGN -1
> > +     int fd; /* eventfd, -1 means de-assigning the eventfd */
> > +};
> > +
> > +#define VDUSE_BASE   0x81
> > +
> > +/* Get the version of VDUSE API. This is used for future extension */
> > +#define VDUSE_GET_API_VERSION        _IO(VDUSE_BASE, 0x00)
> > +
> > +/* Set the version of VDUSE API. */
> > +#define VDUSE_SET_API_VERSION        _IO(VDUSE_BASE, 0x01)
> > +
> > +/* Create a vduse device which is represented by a char device (/dev/vduse/<name>) */
> > +#define VDUSE_CREATE_DEV     _IOW(VDUSE_BASE, 0x02, struct vduse_dev_config)
> > +
> > +/* Destroy a vduse device. Make sure there are no references to the char device */
> > +#define VDUSE_DESTROY_DEV    _IOW(VDUSE_BASE, 0x03, char[VDUSE_NAME_MAX])
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Get a file descriptor for the first overlapped iova region,
> > + * -EINVAL means the iova region doesn't exist.
> > + */
> > +#define VDUSE_IOTLB_GET_FD   _IOWR(VDUSE_BASE, 0x04, struct vduse_iotlb_entry)
> > +
> > +/* Setup an eventfd to receive kick for virtqueue */
> > +#define VDUSE_VQ_SETUP_KICKFD        _IOW(VDUSE_BASE, 0x05, struct vduse_vq_eventfd)
> > +
> > +/* Inject an interrupt for specific virtqueue */
> > +#define VDUSE_INJECT_VQ_IRQ  _IO(VDUSE_BASE, 0x06)
>
>
> Missing parameter?
>

We use the argp to store the virtqueue index here. Is it OK?

Thanks,
Yongji

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