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Date:   Wed, 21 Jul 2021 16:47:14 +0200
From:   Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt>
To:     Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>
Cc:     Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        Hangbin Liu <haliu@...hat.com>,
        Stephen Hemminger <stephen@...workplumber.org>,
        David Ahern <dsahern@...il.com>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Subject: Re: [PATCH iproute2] libbpf: fix attach of prog with multiple
 sections



On 7/20/21 10:27 PM, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 5, 2021 at 5:44 AM Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt> wrote:
>>
>> When BPF programs which consists of multiple executable sections via
>> iproute2+libbpf (configured with LIBBPF_FORCE=on), we noticed that a
>> wrong section can be attached to a device. E.g.:
>>
>>      # tc qdisc replace dev lxc_health clsact
>>      # tc filter replace dev lxc_health ingress prio 1 \
>>          handle 1 bpf da obj bpf_lxc.o sec from-container
>>      # tc filter show dev lxc_health ingress filter protocol all
>>          pref 1 bpf chain 0 filter protocol all pref 1 bpf chain 0
>>          handle 0x1 bpf_lxc.o:[__send_drop_notify] <-- WRONG SECTION
>>          direct-action not_in_hw id 38 tag 7d891814eda6809e jited
>>
>> After taking a closer look into load_bpf_object() in lib/bpf_libbpf.c,
>> we noticed that the filter used in the program iterator does not check
>> whether a program section name matches a requested section name
>> (cfg->section). This can lead to a wrong prog FD being used to attach
>> the program.
>>
>> Fixes: 6d61a2b55799 ("lib: add libbpf support")
>> Signed-off-by: Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt>
>> ---
>>   lib/bpf_libbpf.c | 9 ++++++---
>>   1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/lib/bpf_libbpf.c b/lib/bpf_libbpf.c
>> index d05737a4..f76b90d2 100644
>> --- a/lib/bpf_libbpf.c
>> +++ b/lib/bpf_libbpf.c
>> @@ -267,10 +267,12 @@ static int load_bpf_object(struct bpf_cfg_in *cfg)
>>          }
>>
>>          bpf_object__for_each_program(p, obj) {
>> +               bool prog_to_attach = !prog && cfg->section &&
>> +                       !strcmp(get_bpf_program__section_name(p), cfg->section);
> 
> This is still problematic, because one section can have multiple BPF
> programs. I.e., it's possible two define two or more XDP BPF programs
> all with SEC("xdp") and libbpf works just fine with that. I suggest
> moving users to specify the program name (i.e., C function name
> representing the BPF program). All the xdp_mycustom_suffix namings are
> a hack and will be rejected by libbpf 1.0, so it would be great to get
> a head start on fixing this early on.

Thanks for bringing this up. Currently, there is no way to specify a 
function name with "tc exec bpf" (only a section name via the "sec" 
arg). So probably, we should just add another arg to specify the 
function name.

It would be interesting to hear thoughts from iproute2 maintainers 
before fixing this.

> 
>> +
>>                  /* Only load the programs that will either be subsequently
>>                   * attached or inserted into a tail call map */
>> -               if (find_legacy_tail_calls(p, obj) < 0 && cfg->section &&
>> -                   strcmp(get_bpf_program__section_name(p), cfg->section)) {
>> +               if (find_legacy_tail_calls(p, obj) < 0 && !prog_to_attach) {
>>                          ret = bpf_program__set_autoload(p, false);
>>                          if (ret)
>>                                  return -EINVAL;
>> @@ -279,7 +281,8 @@ static int load_bpf_object(struct bpf_cfg_in *cfg)
>>
>>                  bpf_program__set_type(p, cfg->type);
>>                  bpf_program__set_ifindex(p, cfg->ifindex);
>> -               if (!prog)
>> +
>> +               if (prog_to_attach)
>>                          prog = p;
>>          }
>>
>> --
>> 2.32.0
>>

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