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Date:   Mon, 28 Mar 2022 09:38:33 +0200
From:   Hans Schultz <>
To:     Vladimir Oltean <>,
        Hans Schultz <>
        Andrew Lunn <>,
        Vivien Didelot <>,
        Florian Fainelli <>,
        Jiri Pirko <>,
        Ivan Vecera <>,
        Roopa Prabhu <>,
        Nikolay Aleksandrov <>,
        Shuah Khan <>,
        Daniel Borkmann <>,
        Ido Schimmel <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 net-next 2/4] net: switchdev: add support for
 offloading of fdb locked flag

On fre, mar 25, 2022 at 22:30, Vladimir Oltean <> wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 25, 2022 at 05:01:59PM +0100, Hans Schultz wrote:
>> > An attacker sweeping through the 2^47 source MAC address range is a
>> > problem regardless of the implementations proposed so far, no?
>> The idea is to have a count on the number of locked entries in both the
>> ATU and the FDB, so that a limit on entries can be enforced.
> I can agree with that.
> Note that as far as I understand regular 802.1X, these locked FDB
> entries are just bloatware if you don't need MAC authentication bypass,
> because the source port is already locked, so it drops all traffic from
> an unknown MAC SA except for the link-local packets necessary to run
> EAPOL, which are trapped to the CPU.

802.1X and MAC Auth can be completely seperated by hostapd listning
directly on the locked port interface before entering the bridge.

> So maybe user space should opt into the MAC authentication bypass
> process, really, since that requires secure CPU-assisted learning, and
> regular 802.1X doesn't. It's a real additional burden that shouldn't be
> ignored or enabled by default.
>> > If unlimited growth of the mv88e6xxx locked ATU entry cache is a
>> > concern (which it is), we could limit its size, and when we purge a
>> > cached entry in software is also when we could emit a
>> > SWITCHDEV_FDB_DEL_TO_BRIDGE for it, right?
>> I think the best would be dynamic entries in both the ATU and the FDB
>> for locked entries.
> Making locked (DPV=0) ATU entries be dynamic (age out) makes sense.
> Since you set the IgnoreWrongData for source ports, you suppress ATU
> interrupts for this MAC SA, which in turn means that a station which is
> unauthorized on port A can never redeem itself when it migrates to port B,
> for which it does have an authorization, since software never receives
> any notice that it has moved to a new port.
> But making the locked bridge FDB entry be dynamic, why does it matter?
> I'm not seeing this through. To denote that it can migrate, or to denote
> that it can age out? These locked FDB entries are 'extern_learn', so
> they aren't aged out by the bridge anyway, they are aged out by whomever
> added them => in our case the SWITCHDEV_FDB_DEL_TO_BRIDGE that I mentioned.
I think the FDB and the ATU should be as much in sync as possible, and
the FDB definitely should not keep stale entries that only get removed
by link down. The SWITCHDEV_FDB_DEL_TO_BRIDGE route would requre an
interrupt when a entry ages out in the ATU, but we know that that cannot
happen with DPV=0. Thus the need to add dynamic entries with

>> How the two are kept in sync is another question, but if there is a
>> switchcore, it will be the 'master', so I don't think the bridge
>> module will need to tell the switchcore to remove entries in that
>> case. Or?
> The bridge will certainly not *need* to tell the switch to delete a
> locked FDB entry, but it certainly *can* (and this is in fact part of
> the authorization process, replace an ATU entry with DPV=0 with an ATU
> entry with DPV=BIT(port)).

Yes you are right, but I was implicitly only regarding internal
mechanisms in the 'bridge + switchcore', and not userspace netlink
> I feel as if I'm missing the essence of your reply.

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