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Date:   Fri, 29 Apr 2022 20:45:51 +0800
From:   Duoming Zhou <>
        Duoming Zhou <>
Subject: [PATCH net v6 2/2] nfc: nfcmrvl: main: reorder destructive operations in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev to avoid bugs

There are destructive operations such as nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort and
gpio_free in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev. The resources such as firmware,
gpio and so on could be destructed while the upper layer functions such as
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start and nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame is executing, which leads
to double-free, use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs.

There are three situations that could lead to double-free bugs.

The first situation is shown below:

   (Thread 1)                 |      (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start         |
 ...                          |  nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
 release_firmware()           |   nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
  kfree(fw) //(1)             |    fw_dnld_over
                              |     release_firmware
  ...                         |      kfree(fw) //(2)
                              |     ...

The second situation is shown below:

   (Thread 1)                 |      (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start         |
 ...                          |
 mod_timer                    |
 (wait a time)                |
 fw_dnld_timeout              |  nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
   fw_dnld_over               |   nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
    release_firmware          |    fw_dnld_over
     kfree(fw) //(1)          |     release_firmware
     ...                      |      kfree(fw) //(2)

The third situation is shown below:

       (Thread 1)               |       (Thread 2)
nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame          |
  nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_recv_frame    |
   queue_work                   |
fw_dnld_rx_work                 | nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
 fw_dnld_over                   |  nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
  release_firmware              |   fw_dnld_over
   kfree(fw) //(1)              |    release_firmware
                                |     kfree(fw) //(2)

The firmware struct is deallocated in position (1) and deallocated
in position (2) again.

The crash trace triggered by POC is like below:

BUG: KASAN: double-free or invalid-free in fw_dnld_over
Call Trace:

What's more, there are also use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs
in nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start. If we deallocate firmware struct, gpio or
set null to the members of priv->fw_dnld in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev,
then, we dereference firmware, gpio or the members of priv->fw_dnld in
nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start, the UAF or NPD bugs will happen.

This patch reorders destructive operations after nci_unregister_device
in order to synchronize between cleanup routine and firmware download

The nci_unregister_device is well synchronized. If the device is
detaching, the firmware download routine will goto error. If firmware
download routine is executing, nci_unregister_device will wait until
firmware download routine is finished.

Fixes: 3194c6870158 ("NFC: nfcmrvl: add firmware download support")
Signed-off-by: Duoming Zhou <>
Changes in v6:
  - Make commit messages more clearer.

 drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
index 2fcf545012b..1a5284de434 100644
--- a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
+++ b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
@@ -183,6 +183,7 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
 	struct nci_dev *ndev = priv->ndev;
+	nci_unregister_device(ndev);
 	if (priv->ndev->nfc_dev->fw_download_in_progress)
@@ -191,7 +192,6 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
 	if (gpio_is_valid(priv->config.reset_n_io))
-	nci_unregister_device(ndev);

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