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Date:   Fri, 29 Apr 2022 23:09:00 +0000
From:   Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@...ian.com>
To:     "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     "nicolas.ferre@...rochip.com" <nicolas.ferre@...rochip.com>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "claudiu.beznea@...rochip.com" <claudiu.beznea@...rochip.com>,
        "kuba@...nel.org" <kuba@...nel.org>,
        "pabeni@...hat.com" <pabeni@...hat.com>,
        "edumazet@...gle.com" <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        "tomas.melin@...sala.com" <tomas.melin@...sala.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next 2/2] net: macb: use NAPI for TX completion path

On Fri, 2022-04-29 at 16:31 -0600, Robert Hancock wrote:
> This driver was using the TX IRQ handler to perform all TX completion
> tasks. Under heavy TX network load, this can cause significant irqs-off
> latencies (found to be in the hundreds of microseconds using ftrace).
> This can cause other issues, such as overrunning serial UART FIFOs when
> using high baud rates with limited UART FIFO sizes.
> 
> Switch to using the NAPI poll handler to perform the TX completion work
> to get this out of hard IRQ context and avoid the IRQ latency impact.
> 
> The TX Used Bit Read interrupt (TXUBR) handling also needs to be moved
> into the NAPI poll handler to maintain the proper order of operations. A
> flag is used to notify the poll handler that a UBR condition needs to be
> handled. The macb_tx_restart handler has had some locking added for global
> register access, since this could now potentially happen concurrently on
> different queues.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Robert Hancock <robert.hancock@...ian.com>
> ---
>  drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb.h      |   1 +
>  drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb_main.c | 138 +++++++++++++----------
>  2 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb.h
> b/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb.h
> index f0a7d8396a4a..5355cef95a9b 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb.h
> @@ -1209,6 +1209,7 @@ struct macb_queue {
>  	struct macb_tx_skb	*tx_skb;
>  	dma_addr_t		tx_ring_dma;
>  	struct work_struct	tx_error_task;
> +	bool			txubr_pending;
>  
>  	dma_addr_t		rx_ring_dma;
>  	dma_addr_t		rx_buffers_dma;
> diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb_main.c
> b/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb_main.c
> index 160dc5ad84ae..1cb8afb8ef0d 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb_main.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/cadence/macb_main.c
> @@ -959,7 +959,7 @@ static int macb_halt_tx(struct macb *bp)
>  	return -ETIMEDOUT;
>  }
>  
> -static void macb_tx_unmap(struct macb *bp, struct macb_tx_skb *tx_skb)
> +static void macb_tx_unmap(struct macb *bp, struct macb_tx_skb *tx_skb, int
> budget)
>  {
>  	if (tx_skb->mapping) {
>  		if (tx_skb->mapped_as_page)
> @@ -972,7 +972,7 @@ static void macb_tx_unmap(struct macb *bp, struct
> macb_tx_skb *tx_skb)
>  	}
>  
>  	if (tx_skb->skb) {
> -		dev_kfree_skb_any(tx_skb->skb);
> +		napi_consume_skb(tx_skb->skb, budget);
>  		tx_skb->skb = NULL;
>  	}
>  }
> @@ -1025,12 +1025,13 @@ static void macb_tx_error_task(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  		    (unsigned int)(queue - bp->queues),
>  		    queue->tx_tail, queue->tx_head);
>  
> -	/* Prevent the queue IRQ handlers from running: each of them may call
> -	 * macb_tx_interrupt(), which in turn may call netif_wake_subqueue().
> +	/* Prevent the queue NAPI poll from running, as it calls
> +	 * macb_tx_complete(), which in turn may call netif_wake_subqueue().
>  	 * As explained below, we have to halt the transmission before updating
>  	 * TBQP registers so we call netif_tx_stop_all_queues() to notify the
>  	 * network engine about the macb/gem being halted.
>  	 */
> +	napi_disable(&queue->napi);
>  	spin_lock_irqsave(&bp->lock, flags);
>  
>  	/* Make sure nobody is trying to queue up new packets */
> @@ -1058,7 +1059,7 @@ static void macb_tx_error_task(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  		if (ctrl & MACB_BIT(TX_USED)) {
>  			/* skb is set for the last buffer of the frame */
>  			while (!skb) {
> -				macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb);
> +				macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb, 0);
>  				tail++;
>  				tx_skb = macb_tx_skb(queue, tail);
>  				skb = tx_skb->skb;
> @@ -1088,7 +1089,7 @@ static void macb_tx_error_task(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  			desc->ctrl = ctrl | MACB_BIT(TX_USED);
>  		}
>  
> -		macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb);
> +		macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb, 0);
>  	}
>  
>  	/* Set end of TX queue */
> @@ -1118,25 +1119,28 @@ static void macb_tx_error_task(struct work_struct
> *work)
>  	macb_writel(bp, NCR, macb_readl(bp, NCR) | MACB_BIT(TSTART));
>  
>  	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bp->lock, flags);
> +	napi_enable(&queue->napi);
>  }
>  
> -static void macb_tx_interrupt(struct macb_queue *queue)
> +static bool macb_tx_complete_pending(struct macb_queue *queue)
> +{
> +	if (queue->tx_head != queue->tx_tail) {
> +		/* Make hw descriptor updates visible to CPU */
> +		rmb();
> +
> +		if (macb_tx_desc(queue, queue->tx_tail)->ctrl &
> MACB_BIT(TX_USED))
> +			return true;
> +	}
> +	return false;
> +}
> +
> +static void macb_tx_complete(struct macb_queue *queue, int budget)
>  {
>  	unsigned int tail;
>  	unsigned int head;
> -	u32 status;
>  	struct macb *bp = queue->bp;
>  	u16 queue_index = queue - bp->queues;
>  
> -	status = macb_readl(bp, TSR);
> -	macb_writel(bp, TSR, status);
> -
> -	if (bp->caps & MACB_CAPS_ISR_CLEAR_ON_WRITE)
> -		queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(TCOMP));
> -
> -	netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "macb_tx_interrupt status = 0x%03lx\n",
> -		    (unsigned long)status);
> -
>  	head = queue->tx_head;
>  	for (tail = queue->tx_tail; tail != head; tail++) {
>  		struct macb_tx_skb	*tx_skb;
> @@ -1182,7 +1186,7 @@ static void macb_tx_interrupt(struct macb_queue *queue)
>  			}
>  
>  			/* Now we can safely release resources */
> -			macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb);
> +			macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb, budget);
>  
>  			/* skb is set only for the last buffer of the frame.
>  			 * WARNING: at this point skb has been freed by
> @@ -1569,23 +1573,55 @@ static bool macb_rx_pending(struct macb_queue *queue)
>  	return (desc->addr & MACB_BIT(RX_USED)) != 0;
>  }
>  
> +static void macb_tx_restart(struct macb_queue *queue)
> +{
> +	unsigned int head = queue->tx_head;
> +	unsigned int tail = queue->tx_tail;
> +	struct macb *bp = queue->bp;
> +	unsigned int head_idx, tbqp;
> +
> +	if (head == tail)
> +		return;
> +
> +	tbqp = queue_readl(queue, TBQP) / macb_dma_desc_get_size(bp);
> +	tbqp = macb_adj_dma_desc_idx(bp, macb_tx_ring_wrap(bp, tbqp));
> +	head_idx = macb_adj_dma_desc_idx(bp, macb_tx_ring_wrap(bp, head));
> +
> +	if (tbqp == head_idx)
> +		return;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irq(&bp->lock);
> +	macb_writel(bp, NCR, macb_readl(bp, NCR) | MACB_BIT(TSTART));
> +	spin_unlock_irq(&bp->lock);
> +}
> +
>  static int macb_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
>  {
>  	struct macb_queue *queue = container_of(napi, struct macb_queue, napi);
>  	struct macb *bp = queue->bp;
>  	int work_done;
>  
> +	macb_tx_complete(queue, budget);
> +
> +	rmb(); // ensure txubr_pending is up to date
> +	if (queue->txubr_pending) {
> +		queue->txubr_pending = false;
> +		netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "poll: tx restart\n");
> +		macb_tx_restart(queue);
> +	}
> +

Thinking about this a bit more, I wonder if we could just do this tx_restart
call unconditionally here? Then we wouldn't need this txubr_pending flag at
all. CCing Tomas Melin who worked on this tx_restart code recently.

>  	work_done = bp->macbgem_ops.mog_rx(queue, napi, budget);
>  
>  	netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "poll: queue = %u, work_done = %d, budget = %d\n",
>  		    (unsigned int)(queue - bp->queues), work_done, budget);
>  
>  	if (work_done < budget && napi_complete_done(napi, work_done)) {
> -		queue_writel(queue, IER, bp->rx_intr_mask);
> +		queue_writel(queue, IER, bp->rx_intr_mask |
> +					 MACB_BIT(TCOMP));
>  
>  		/* Packet completions only seem to propagate to raise
>  		 * interrupts when interrupts are enabled at the time, so if
> -		 * packets were received while interrupts were disabled,
> +		 * packets were sent/received while interrupts were disabled,
>  		 * they will not cause another interrupt to be generated when
>  		 * interrupts are re-enabled.
>  		 * Check for this case here to avoid losing a wakeup. This can
> @@ -1593,10 +1629,13 @@ static int macb_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int
> budget)
>  		 * actions if an interrupt is raised just after enabling them,
>  		 * but this should be harmless.
>  		 */
> -		if (macb_rx_pending(queue)) {
> -			queue_writel(queue, IDR, bp->rx_intr_mask);
> +		if (macb_rx_pending(queue) ||
> +		    macb_tx_complete_pending(queue)) {
> +			queue_writel(queue, IDR, bp->rx_intr_mask |
> +						 MACB_BIT(TCOMP));
>  			if (bp->caps & MACB_CAPS_ISR_CLEAR_ON_WRITE)
> -				queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(RCOMP));
> +				queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(RCOMP) |
> +							 MACB_BIT(TCOMP));
>  			netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "poll: packets pending,
> reschedule\n");
>  			napi_schedule(napi);
>  		}
> @@ -1646,29 +1685,6 @@ static void macb_hresp_error_task(struct
> tasklet_struct *t)
>  	netif_tx_start_all_queues(dev);
>  }
>  
> -static void macb_tx_restart(struct macb_queue *queue)
> -{
> -	unsigned int head = queue->tx_head;
> -	unsigned int tail = queue->tx_tail;
> -	struct macb *bp = queue->bp;
> -	unsigned int head_idx, tbqp;
> -
> -	if (bp->caps & MACB_CAPS_ISR_CLEAR_ON_WRITE)
> -		queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(TXUBR));
> -
> -	if (head == tail)
> -		return;
> -
> -	tbqp = queue_readl(queue, TBQP) / macb_dma_desc_get_size(bp);
> -	tbqp = macb_adj_dma_desc_idx(bp, macb_tx_ring_wrap(bp, tbqp));
> -	head_idx = macb_adj_dma_desc_idx(bp, macb_tx_ring_wrap(bp, head));
> -
> -	if (tbqp == head_idx)
> -		return;
> -
> -	macb_writel(bp, NCR, macb_readl(bp, NCR) | MACB_BIT(TSTART));
> -}
> -
>  static irqreturn_t macb_wol_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
>  {
>  	struct macb_queue *queue = dev_id;
> @@ -1754,19 +1770,29 @@ static irqreturn_t macb_interrupt(int irq, void
> *dev_id)
>  			    (unsigned int)(queue - bp->queues),
>  			    (unsigned long)status);
>  
> -		if (status & bp->rx_intr_mask) {
> -			/* There's no point taking any more interrupts
> -			 * until we have processed the buffers. The
> +		if (status & (bp->rx_intr_mask |
> +			      MACB_BIT(TCOMP) |
> +			      MACB_BIT(TXUBR))) {
> +			/* There's no point taking any more RX/TX completion
> +			 * interrupts until we have processed the buffers. The
>  			 * scheduling call may fail if the poll routine
>  			 * is already scheduled, so disable interrupts
>  			 * now.
>  			 */
> -			queue_writel(queue, IDR, bp->rx_intr_mask);
> +			queue_writel(queue, IDR, bp->rx_intr_mask |
> +						 MACB_BIT(TCOMP));
>  			if (bp->caps & MACB_CAPS_ISR_CLEAR_ON_WRITE)
> -				queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(RCOMP));
> +				queue_writel(queue, ISR, MACB_BIT(RCOMP) |
> +							 MACB_BIT(TCOMP) |
> +							 MACB_BIT(TXUBR));
> +
> +			if (status & MACB_BIT(TXUBR)) {
> +				queue->txubr_pending = true;
> +				wmb(); // ensure softirq can see update
> +			}
>  
>  			if (napi_schedule_prep(&queue->napi)) {
> -				netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "scheduling RX
> softirq\n");
> +				netdev_vdbg(bp->dev, "scheduling NAPI
> softirq\n");
>  				__napi_schedule(&queue->napi);
>  			}
>  		}
> @@ -1781,12 +1807,6 @@ static irqreturn_t macb_interrupt(int irq, void
> *dev_id)
>  			break;
>  		}
>  
> -		if (status & MACB_BIT(TCOMP))
> -			macb_tx_interrupt(queue);
> -
> -		if (status & MACB_BIT(TXUBR))
> -			macb_tx_restart(queue);
> -
>  		/* Link change detection isn't possible with RMII, so we'll
>  		 * add that if/when we get our hands on a full-blown MII PHY.
>  		 */
> @@ -2019,7 +2039,7 @@ static unsigned int macb_tx_map(struct macb *bp,
>  	for (i = queue->tx_head; i != tx_head; i++) {
>  		tx_skb = macb_tx_skb(queue, i);
>  
> -		macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb);
> +		macb_tx_unmap(bp, tx_skb, 0);
>  	}
>  
>  	return 0;
-- 
Robert Hancock
Senior Hardware Designer, Calian Advanced Technologies
www.calian.com

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