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Date:   Thu, 28 Apr 2022 22:00:18 -0700
From:   Andrii Nakryiko <andrii.nakryiko@...il.com>
To:     Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Cc:     Larysa Zaremba <larysa.zaremba@...el.com>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <andrii@...nel.org>,
        Networking <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, bpf <bpf@...r.kernel.org>,
        open list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        Maciej Fijalkowski <maciej.fijalkowski@...el.com>,
        Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@...el.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RESEND bpf-next] bpftool: Use sysfs vmlinux when dumping
 BTF by ID

On Thu, Apr 28, 2022 at 8:17 AM Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net> wrote:
>
> On 4/28/22 1:14 PM, Larysa Zaremba wrote:
> > Currently, dumping almost all BTFs specified by id requires
> > using the -B option to pass the base BTF. For most cases
> > the vmlinux BTF sysfs path should work.
> >
> > This patch simplifies dumping by ID usage by attempting to
> > use vmlinux BTF from sysfs, if the first try of loading BTF by ID
> > fails with certain conditions.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Larysa Zaremba <larysa.zaremba@...el.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Alexander Lobakin <alexandr.lobakin@...el.com>
> > ---
> >   tools/bpf/bpftool/btf.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> >   1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/tools/bpf/bpftool/btf.c b/tools/bpf/bpftool/btf.c
> > index a2c665beda87..557f65e2de5c 100644
> > --- a/tools/bpf/bpftool/btf.c
> > +++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/btf.c
> > @@ -459,6 +459,22 @@ static int dump_btf_c(const struct btf *btf,
> >       return err;
> >   }
> >
> > +static const char sysfs_vmlinux[] = "/sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux";
> > +
> > +static struct btf *get_vmlinux_btf_from_sysfs(void)
> > +{
> > +     struct btf *base;
> > +
> > +     base = btf__parse(sysfs_vmlinux, NULL);
> > +     if (libbpf_get_error(base)) {
> > +             p_err("failed to parse vmlinux BTF at '%s': %ld\n",
> > +                   sysfs_vmlinux, libbpf_get_error(base));
> > +             base = NULL;
> > +     }
>
> Could we reuse libbpf's btf__load_vmlinux_btf() which probes well-known
> locations?

Systems that don't have /sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux exposed definitely
don't support base BTF, so there is no point in trying to find vmlinux
BTF anywhere else (which is only necessary for old kernels). So I
think it should be fine as is, except we shouldn't guess when base BTF
is needed, it should always be for kernel module BTFs only.

>
> > +     return base;
> > +}
> > +
> >   static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv)
> >   {
> >       struct btf *btf = NULL, *base = NULL;
> > @@ -536,18 +552,11 @@ static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv)
> >               NEXT_ARG();
> >       } else if (is_prefix(src, "file")) {
> >               const char sysfs_prefix[] = "/sys/kernel/btf/";
> > -             const char sysfs_vmlinux[] = "/sys/kernel/btf/vmlinux";
> >
> >               if (!base_btf &&
> >                   strncmp(*argv, sysfs_prefix, sizeof(sysfs_prefix) - 1) == 0 &&
> > -                 strcmp(*argv, sysfs_vmlinux) != 0) {
> > -                     base = btf__parse(sysfs_vmlinux, NULL);
> > -                     if (libbpf_get_error(base)) {
> > -                             p_err("failed to parse vmlinux BTF at '%s': %ld\n",
> > -                                   sysfs_vmlinux, libbpf_get_error(base));
> > -                             base = NULL;
> > -                     }
> > -             }
> > +                 strcmp(*argv, sysfs_vmlinux))
> > +                     base = get_vmlinux_btf_from_sysfs();
> >
> >               btf = btf__parse_split(*argv, base ?: base_btf);
> >               err = libbpf_get_error(btf);
> > @@ -593,6 +602,14 @@ static int do_dump(int argc, char **argv)
> >       if (!btf) {
> >               btf = btf__load_from_kernel_by_id_split(btf_id, base_btf);
> >               err = libbpf_get_error(btf);
> > +             if (err == -EINVAL && !base_btf) {
> > +                     btf__free(base);
> > +                     base = get_vmlinux_btf_from_sysfs();
> > +                     p_info("Warning: valid base BTF was not specified with -B option, falling back on standard base BTF (sysfs vmlinux)");
> > +                     btf = btf__load_from_kernel_by_id_split(btf_id, base);
> > +                     err = libbpf_get_error(btf);
> > +             }
> > +
> >               if (err) {
> >                       p_err("get btf by id (%u): %s", btf_id, strerror(err));
> >                       goto done;
> >
>

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