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Date:   Fri, 29 Apr 2022 09:27:48 +0200
From:   Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzysztof.kozlowski@...aro.org>
To:     Duoming Zhou <duoming@....edu.cn>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        kuba@...nel.org, gregkh@...uxfoundation.org
Cc:     davem@...emloft.net, edumazet@...gle.com, pabeni@...hat.com,
        alexander.deucher@....com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org,
        broonie@...nel.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org, linma@....edu.cn
Subject: Re: [PATCH net v5 2/2] nfc: nfcmrvl: main: reorder destructive
 operations in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev to avoid bugs

On 29/04/2022 03:14, Duoming Zhou wrote:
> There are destructive operations such as nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort and
> gpio_free in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev. The resources such as firmware,
> gpio and so on could be destructed while the upper layer functions such as
> nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start and nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame is executing, which leads
> to double-free, use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs.
> 
> There are three situations that could lead to double-free bugs.
> 
> The first situation is shown below:
> 
>    (Thread 1)                 |      (Thread 2)
> nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start         |
>  ...                          |  nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
>  release_firmware()           |   nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
>   kfree(fw) //(1)             |    fw_dnld_over
>                               |     release_firmware
>   ...                         |      kfree(fw) //(2)
>                               |     ...
> 
> The second situation is shown below:
> 
>    (Thread 1)                 |      (Thread 2)
> nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start         |
>  ...                          |
>  mod_timer                    |
>  (wait a time)                |
>  fw_dnld_timeout              |  nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
>    fw_dnld_over               |   nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
>     release_firmware          |    fw_dnld_over
>      kfree(fw) //(1)          |     release_firmware
>      ...                      |      kfree(fw) //(2)

How exactly the case here is being prevented?

If nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev() happens slightly earlier, before
fw_dnld_timeout() on the left side (T1), the T1 will still hit it, won't it?


> 
> The third situation is shown below:
> 
>        (Thread 1)               |       (Thread 2)
> nfcmrvl_nci_recv_frame          |
>  if(..->fw_download_in_progress)|
>   nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_recv_frame    |
>    queue_work                   |
>                                 |
> fw_dnld_rx_work                 | nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev
>  fw_dnld_over                   |  nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort
>   release_firmware              |   fw_dnld_over
>    kfree(fw) //(1)              |    release_firmware
>                                 |     kfree(fw) //(2)
> 
> The firmware struct is deallocated in position (1) and deallocated
> in position (2) again.
> 
> The crash trace triggered by POC is like below:
> 
> [  122.640457] BUG: KASAN: double-free or invalid-free in fw_dnld_over+0x28/0xf0
> [  122.640457] Call Trace:
> [  122.640457]  <TASK>
> [  122.640457]  kfree+0xb0/0x330
> [  122.640457]  fw_dnld_over+0x28/0xf0
> [  122.640457]  nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev+0x61/0x70
> [  122.640457]  nci_uart_tty_close+0x87/0xd0
> [  122.640457]  tty_ldisc_kill+0x3e/0x80
> [  122.640457]  tty_ldisc_hangup+0x1b2/0x2c0
> [  122.640457]  __tty_hangup.part.0+0x316/0x520
> [  122.640457]  tty_release+0x200/0x670
> [  122.640457]  __fput+0x110/0x410
> [  122.640457]  task_work_run+0x86/0xd0
> [  122.640457]  exit_to_user_mode_prepare+0x1aa/0x1b0
> [  122.640457]  syscall_exit_to_user_mode+0x19/0x50
> [  122.640457]  do_syscall_64+0x48/0x90
> [  122.640457]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xae
> [  122.640457] RIP: 0033:0x7f68433f6beb

Please always strip unrelated parts of oops, so minimum the timing. The
addresses could be removed as well.

> 
> What's more, there are also use-after-free and null-ptr-deref bugs
> in nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start. If we deallocate firmware struct, gpio or
> set null to the members of priv->fw_dnld in nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev,
> then, we dereference firmware, gpio or the members of priv->fw_dnld in
> nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_start, the UAF or NPD bugs will happen.
> 
> This patch reorders destructive operations after nci_unregister_device
> and uses bool variable in nfc_dev to synchronize between cleanup routine
> and firmware download routine. The process is shown below.
> 
>        (Thread 1)                 |       (Thread 2)
> nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev        |
>   nci_unregister_device           |
>     nfc_unregister_device         | nfc_fw_download
>       device_lock()               |
>       ...                         |
>       dev->dev_register = false;  |   ...
>       device_unlock()             |
>   ...                             |   device_lock()
>   (destructive operations)        |   if(!dev->dev_register)
>                                   |     goto error;
>                                   | error:
>                                   |   device_unlock()

How T2 calls appeared here? They were not present in any of your
previous process-examples...

> 
> If the device is detaching, the download function will goto error.
> If the download function is executing, nci_unregister_device will
> wait until download function is finished.
> 
> Fixes: 3194c6870158 ("NFC: nfcmrvl: add firmware download support")
> Signed-off-by: Duoming Zhou <duoming@....edu.cn>
> ---
> Changes in v5:
>   - Use bool variable added in patch 1/2 to synchronize.
> 
>  drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
> index 2fcf545012b..1a5284de434 100644
> --- a/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
> +++ b/drivers/nfc/nfcmrvl/main.c
> @@ -183,6 +183,7 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
>  {
>  	struct nci_dev *ndev = priv->ndev;
>  
> +	nci_unregister_device(ndev);
>  	if (priv->ndev->nfc_dev->fw_download_in_progress)
>  		nfcmrvl_fw_dnld_abort(priv);
>  
> @@ -191,7 +192,6 @@ void nfcmrvl_nci_unregister_dev(struct nfcmrvl_private *priv)
>  	if (gpio_is_valid(priv->config.reset_n_io))
>  		gpio_free(priv->config.reset_n_io);
>  
> -	nci_unregister_device(ndev);
>  	nci_free_device(ndev);
>  	kfree(priv);
>  }


Best regards,
Krzysztof

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