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Date:   Thu, 12 May 2022 15:48:29 +0200
From:   Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke@...e.dk>
To:     Pavel Skripkin <paskripkin@...il.com>,
        ath9k-devel@....qualcomm.com, kvalo@...nel.org,
        davem@...emloft.net, kuba@...nel.org, linville@...driver.com
Cc:     linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        syzbot+03110230a11411024147@...kaller.appspotmail.com,
        syzbot+c6dde1f690b60e0b9fbe@...kaller.appspotmail.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] ath9k: fix use-after-free in ath9k_hif_usb_rx_cb

Pavel Skripkin <paskripkin@...il.com> writes:

> Hi Toke,
>
> On 5/12/22 15:49, Toke Høiland-Jørgensen wrote:
>> Pavel Skripkin <paskripkin@...il.com> writes:
>> 
>>> Syzbot reported use-after-free Read in ath9k_hif_usb_rx_cb(). The
>>> problem was in incorrect htc_handle->drv_priv initialization.
>>>
>>> Probable call trace which can trigger use-after-free:
>>>
>>> ath9k_htc_probe_device()
>>>   /* htc_handle->drv_priv = priv; */
>>>   ath9k_htc_wait_for_target()      <--- Failed
>>>   ieee80211_free_hw()		   <--- priv pointer is freed
>>>
>>> <IRQ>
>>> ...
>>> ath9k_hif_usb_rx_cb()
>>>   ath9k_hif_usb_rx_stream()
>>>    RX_STAT_INC()		<--- htc_handle->drv_priv access
>>>
>>> In order to not add fancy protection for drv_priv we can move
>>> htc_handle->drv_priv initialization at the end of the
>>> ath9k_htc_probe_device() and add helper macro to make
>>> all *_STAT_* macros NULL save.
>>>
>>> Fixes: fb9987d0f748 ("ath9k_htc: Support for AR9271 chipset.")
>>> Reported-and-tested-by: syzbot+03110230a11411024147@...kaller.appspotmail.com
>>> Reported-and-tested-by: syzbot+c6dde1f690b60e0b9fbe@...kaller.appspotmail.com
>>> Signed-off-by: Pavel Skripkin <paskripkin@...il.com>
>> 
>> Could you link the original syzbot report in the commit message as well,
>
> Sure! See links below
>
> use-after-free bug:
> https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=6ead44e37afb6866ac0c7dd121b4ce07cb665f60
>
> NULL deref bug:
> https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?id=b8101ffcec107c0567a0cd8acbbacec91e9ee8de
>
> I can add them in commit message if you want :)

Yes, please do!

>> please? Also that 'tested-by' implies that syzbot run-tested this? How
>> does it do that; does it have ath9k_htc hardware?
>> 
>
> No, it uses CONFIG_USB_RAW_GADGET and CONFIG_USB_DUMMY_HCD for gadgets 
> for emulating usb devices.
>
> Basically these things "connect" fake USB device with random usb ids 
> from hardcoded table and try to do various things with usb driver

Ah, right, hence the failures I suppose? Makes sense.

> [snip]
>
>>> -#define TX_STAT_INC(c) (hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.tx_stats.c++)
>>> -#define TX_STAT_ADD(c, a) (hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.tx_stats.c += a)
>>> -#define RX_STAT_INC(c) (hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.skbrx_stats.c++)
>>> -#define RX_STAT_ADD(c, a) (hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.skbrx_stats.c += a)
>>> +#define __STAT_SAVE(expr) (hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv ? (expr) : 0)
>>> +#define TX_STAT_INC(c) __STAT_SAVE(hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.tx_stats.c++)
>>> +#define TX_STAT_ADD(c, a) __STAT_SAVE(hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.tx_stats.c += a)
>>> +#define RX_STAT_INC(c) __STAT_SAVE(hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.skbrx_stats.c++)
>>> +#define RX_STAT_ADD(c, a) __STAT_SAVE(hif_dev->htc_handle->drv_priv->debug.skbrx_stats.c += a)
>>>  #define CAB_STAT_INC   priv->debug.tx_stats.cab_queued++
>> 
>> s/SAVE/SAFE/ here and in the next patch (and the commit message).
>> 
>
> Oh, sorry about that! Will update in next version

Thanks! Other than that, I think the patch looks reasonable...

-Toke

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