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Date:   Mon, 16 May 2022 15:02:13 +0200
From:   Sven Auhagen <sven.auhagen@...eatech.de>
To:     Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@...filter.org>
Cc:     Oz Shlomo <ozsh@...dia.com>, Felix Fietkau <nbd@....name>,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, netfilter-devel@...r.kernel.org,
        Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>, Paul Blakey <paulb@...dia.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net v2] netfilter: nf_flow_table: fix teardown flow
 timeout

On Mon, May 16, 2022 at 02:43:06PM +0200, Pablo Neira Ayuso wrote:
> On Mon, May 16, 2022 at 02:23:00PM +0200, Sven Auhagen wrote:
> > On Mon, May 16, 2022 at 02:13:03PM +0200, Pablo Neira Ayuso wrote:
> > > On Mon, May 16, 2022 at 12:56:41PM +0200, Pablo Neira Ayuso wrote:
> > > > On Thu, May 12, 2022 at 09:28:03PM +0300, Oz Shlomo wrote:
> > > > > Connections leaving the established state (due to RST / FIN TCP packets)
> > > > > set the flow table teardown flag. The packet path continues to set lower
> > > > > timeout value as per the new TCP state but the offload flag remains set.
> > > > >
> > > > > Hence, the conntrack garbage collector may race to undo the timeout
> > > > > adjustment of the packet path, leaving the conntrack entry in place with
> > > > > the internal offload timeout (one day).
> > > > >
> > > > > Avoid ct gc timeout overwrite by flagging teared down flowtable
> > > > > connections.
> > > > >
> > > > > On the nftables side we only need to allow established TCP connections to
> > > > > create a flow offload entry. Since we can not guaruantee that
> > > > > flow_offload_teardown is called by a TCP FIN packet we also need to make
> > > > > sure that flow_offload_fixup_ct is also called in flow_offload_del
> > > > > and only fixes up established TCP connections.
> > > > [...]
> > > > > diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> > > > > index 0164e5f522e8..324fdb62c08b 100644
> > > > > --- a/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> > > > > +++ b/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c
> > > > > @@ -1477,7 +1477,8 @@ static void gc_worker(struct work_struct *work)
> > > > >  			tmp = nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(h);
> > > > >  
> > > > >  			if (test_bit(IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT, &tmp->status)) {
> > > > > -				nf_ct_offload_timeout(tmp);
> > > > 
> > > > Hm, it is the trick to avoid checking for IPS_OFFLOAD from the packet
> > > > path that triggers the race, ie. nf_ct_is_expired()
> > > > 
> > > > The flowtable ct fixup races with conntrack gc collector.
> > > > 
> > > > Clearing IPS_OFFLOAD might result in offloading the entry again for
> > > > the closing packets.
> > > > 
> > > > Probably clear IPS_OFFLOAD from teardown, and skip offload if flow is
> > > > in a TCP state that represent closure?
> > > > 
> > > >   		if (unlikely(!tcph || tcph->fin || tcph->rst))
> > > >   			goto out;
> > > > 
> > > > this is already the intention in the existing code.
> > > 
> > > I'm attaching an incomplete sketch patch. My goal is to avoid the
> > > extra IPS_ bit.
> > 
> > You might create a race with ct gc that will remove the ct
> > if it is in close or end of close and before flow offload teardown is running
> > so flow offload teardown might access memory that was freed.
> 
> flow object holds a reference to the ct object until it is released,
> no use-after-free can happen.
> 

Also if nf_ct_delete is called before flowtable delete?
Can you let me know why?

> > It is not a very likely scenario but never the less it might happen now
> > since the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT is not set and the state might just time out.
> > 
> > If someone sets a very small TCP CLOSE timeout it gets more likely.
> > 
> > So Oz and myself were debatting about three possible cases/problems:
> > 
> > 1. ct gc sets timeout even though the state is in CLOSE/FIN because the
> > IPS_OFFLOAD is still set but the flow is in teardown
> > 2. ct gc removes the ct because the IPS_OFFLOAD is not set and
> > the CLOSE timeout is reached before the flow offload del
> 
> OK.
> 
> > 3. tcp ct is always set to ESTABLISHED with a very long timeout
> > in flow offload teardown/delete even though the state is already
> > CLOSED.
> >
> > Also as a remark we can not assume that the FIN or RST packet is hitting
> > flow table teardown as the packet might get bumped to the slow path in
> > nftables.
> 
> I assume this remark is related to 3.?

Yes, exactly.

> 
> if IPS_OFFLOAD is unset, then conntrack would update the state
> according to this FIN or RST.
> 

It will move to a different TCP state anyways only the ct state
will be at IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT and prevent it from beeing garbage collected.
The timeout will be bumped back up as long as IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT is set
even though TCP might already be CLOSED.

> Thanks for the summary.

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