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Date:   Tue, 24 May 2022 18:39:02 +0300
From:   Nikolay Aleksandrov <razor@...ckwall.org>
To:     Hans Schultz <schultz.hans@...il.com>, davem@...emloft.net,
        kuba@...nel.org
Cc:     netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        Hans Schultz <schultz.hans+netdev@...il.com>,
        Andrew Lunn <andrew@...n.ch>,
        Vivien Didelot <vivien.didelot@...il.com>,
        Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@...il.com>,
        Vladimir Oltean <olteanv@...il.com>,
        Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        Paolo Abeni <pabeni@...hat.com>, Jiri Pirko <jiri@...nulli.us>,
        Ivan Vecera <ivecera@...hat.com>,
        Roopa Prabhu <roopa@...dia.com>, Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Ido Schimmel <idosch@...dia.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        bridge@...ts.linux-foundation.org, linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH V3 net-next 1/4] net: bridge: add fdb flag to extent
 locked port feature

On 24/05/2022 18:21, Hans Schultz wrote:
> Add an intermediate state for clients behind a locked port to allow for
> possible opening of the port for said clients. This feature corresponds
> to the Mac-Auth and MAC Authentication Bypass (MAB) named features. The
> latter defined by Cisco.
> Locked FDB entries will be limited in number, so as to prevent DOS
> attacks by spamming the port with random entries. The limit will be
> a per port limit as it is a port based feature and that the port flushes
> all FDB entries on link down.
> 
> Only the kernel can set this FDB entry flag, while userspace can read
> the flag and remove it by deleting the FDB entry.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Hans Schultz <schultz.hans+netdev@...il.com>
> ---
>  include/uapi/linux/neighbour.h |  1 +
>  net/bridge/br_fdb.c            | 11 +++++++++++
>  net/bridge/br_if.c             |  1 +
>  net/bridge/br_input.c          | 11 ++++++++++-
>  net/bridge/br_private.h        |  7 ++++++-
>  5 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 

Hi Hans,
So this approach has a fundamental problem, f->dst is changed without any synchronization
you cannot rely on it and thus you cannot account for these entries properly. We must be very
careful if we try to add any new synchronization not to affect performance as well.
More below...

> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/neighbour.h b/include/uapi/linux/neighbour.h
> index 39c565e460c7..76d65b481086 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/neighbour.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/neighbour.h
> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ enum {
>  #define NTF_ROUTER	(1 << 7)
>  /* Extended flags under NDA_FLAGS_EXT: */
>  #define NTF_EXT_MANAGED	(1 << 0)
> +#define NTF_EXT_LOCKED	(1 << 1)
>  
>  /*
>   *	Neighbor Cache Entry States.
> diff --git a/net/bridge/br_fdb.c b/net/bridge/br_fdb.c
> index e7f4fccb6adb..6b83e2d6435d 100644
> --- a/net/bridge/br_fdb.c
> +++ b/net/bridge/br_fdb.c
> @@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ static int fdb_fill_info(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_bridge *br,
>  	struct nda_cacheinfo ci;
>  	struct nlmsghdr *nlh;
>  	struct ndmsg *ndm;
> +	u32 ext_flags = 0;
>  
>  	nlh = nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, sizeof(*ndm), flags);
>  	if (nlh == NULL)
> @@ -125,11 +126,16 @@ static int fdb_fill_info(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_bridge *br,
>  		ndm->ndm_flags |= NTF_EXT_LEARNED;
>  	if (test_bit(BR_FDB_STICKY, &fdb->flags))
>  		ndm->ndm_flags |= NTF_STICKY;
> +	if (test_bit(BR_FDB_ENTRY_LOCKED, &fdb->flags))
> +		ext_flags |= NTF_EXT_LOCKED;
>  
>  	if (nla_put(skb, NDA_LLADDR, ETH_ALEN, &fdb->key.addr))
>  		goto nla_put_failure;
>  	if (nla_put_u32(skb, NDA_MASTER, br->dev->ifindex))
>  		goto nla_put_failure;
> +	if (nla_put_u32(skb, NDA_FLAGS_EXT, ext_flags))
> +		goto nla_put_failure;
> +
>  	ci.ndm_used	 = jiffies_to_clock_t(now - fdb->used);
>  	ci.ndm_confirmed = 0;
>  	ci.ndm_updated	 = jiffies_to_clock_t(now - fdb->updated);
> @@ -171,6 +177,7 @@ static inline size_t fdb_nlmsg_size(void)
>  	return NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct ndmsg))
>  		+ nla_total_size(ETH_ALEN) /* NDA_LLADDR */
>  		+ nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)) /* NDA_MASTER */
> +		+ nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)) /* NDA_FLAGS_EXT */
>  		+ nla_total_size(sizeof(u16)) /* NDA_VLAN */
>  		+ nla_total_size(sizeof(struct nda_cacheinfo))
>  		+ nla_total_size(0) /* NDA_FDB_EXT_ATTRS */
> @@ -319,6 +326,9 @@ static void fdb_delete(struct net_bridge *br, struct net_bridge_fdb_entry *f,
>  	if (test_bit(BR_FDB_STATIC, &f->flags))
>  		fdb_del_hw_addr(br, f->key.addr.addr);
>  
> +	if (test_bit(BR_FDB_ENTRY_LOCKED, &f->flags) && !test_bit(BR_FDB_OFFLOADED, &f->flags))
> +		atomic_dec(&f->dst->locked_entry_cnt);

Sorry but you cannot do this for multiple reasons:
 - f->dst can be NULL
 - f->dst changes without any synchronization
 - there is no synchronization between fdb's flags and its ->dst

Cheers,
 Nik

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