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Date:   Tue, 5 Jul 2022 07:23:10 +0300
From:   "Neftin, Sasha" <sasha.neftin@...el.com>
To:     Lennert Buytenhek <buytenh@...tstofly.org>,
        <intel-wired-lan@...ts.osuosl.org>,
        Tony Nguyen <anthony.l.nguyen@...el.com>,
        Jesse Brandeburg <jesse.brandeburg@...el.com>
CC:     <netdev@...r.kernel.org>, "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "Eric Dumazet" <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Paolo Abeni <pabeni@...hat.com>,
        Vitaly Lifshits <vitaly.lifshits@...el.com>,
        Aaron Brown <aaron.f.brown@...el.com>,
        Jeff Kirsher <jeffrey.t.kirsher@...el.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1] igc: Reinstate IGC_REMOVED logic and implement it
 properly

On 6/2/2022 18:58, Lennert Buytenhek wrote:
> The initially merged version of the igc driver code (via commit
> 146740f9abc4, "igc: Add support for PF") contained the following
> IGC_REMOVED checks in the igc_rd32/wr32() MMIO accessors:
> 
> 	u32 igc_rd32(struct igc_hw *hw, u32 reg)
> 	{
> 		u8 __iomem *hw_addr = READ_ONCE(hw->hw_addr);
> 		u32 value = 0;
> 
> 		if (IGC_REMOVED(hw_addr))
> 			return ~value;
> 
> 		value = readl(&hw_addr[reg]);
> 
> 		/* reads should not return all F's */
> 		if (!(~value) && (!reg || !(~readl(hw_addr))))
> 			hw->hw_addr = NULL;
> 
> 		return value;
> 	}
> 
> And:
> 
> 	#define wr32(reg, val) \
> 	do { \
> 		u8 __iomem *hw_addr = READ_ONCE((hw)->hw_addr); \
> 		if (!IGC_REMOVED(hw_addr)) \
> 			writel((val), &hw_addr[(reg)]); \
> 	} while (0)
> 
> E.g. igb has similar checks in its MMIO accessors, and has a similar
> macro E1000_REMOVED, which is implemented as follows:
> 
> 	#define E1000_REMOVED(h) unlikely(!(h))
> 
> These checks serve to detect and take note of an 0xffffffff MMIO read
> return from the device, which can be caused by a PCIe link flap or some
> other kind of PCI bus error, and to avoid performing MMIO reads and
> writes from that point onwards.
> 
> However, the IGC_REMOVED macro was not originally implemented:
> 
> 	#ifndef IGC_REMOVED
> 	#define IGC_REMOVED(a) (0)
> 	#endif /* IGC_REMOVED */
> 
> This led to the IGC_REMOVED logic to be removed entirely in a
> subsequent commit (commit 3c215fb18e70, "igc: remove IGC_REMOVED
> function"), with the rationale that such checks matter only for
> virtualization and that igc does not support virtualization -- but a
> PCIe device can become detached even without virtualization being in
> use, and without proper checks, a PCIe bus error affecting an igc
> adapter will lead to various NULL pointer dereferences, as the first
> access after the error will set hw->hw_addr to NULL, and subsequent
> accesses will blindly dereference this now-NULL pointer.
> 
> This patch reinstates the IGC_REMOVED checks in igc_rd32/wr32(), and
> implements IGC_REMOVED the way it is done for igb, by checking for the
> unlikely() case of hw_addr being NULL.  This change prevents the oopses
> seen when a PCIe link flap occurs on an igc adapter.
> 
> Fixes: 146740f9abc4 ("igc: Add support for PF")
> Signed-off-by: Lennert Buytenhek <buytenh@...sta.com>
> ---
> As initially reported on intel-wired-lan@ in February:
> 
> 	https://lists.osuosl.org/pipermail/intel-wired-lan/Week-of-Mon-20220214/027787.html
> 
> We're seeing these NULL pointer dereferences hit fairly reproducibly
> when rebooting, presumably due to the particularities of reset
> sequencing on the boards we see this hit on.
> 
> A link flap can be caused by toggling the Secondary Bus Reset bit
> in the upstream PCIe bridge's Bridge Control register and can reliably
> reproduce this problem.
> 
>   drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_main.c | 3 +++
>   drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_regs.h | 5 ++++-
>   2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_main.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_main.c
> index 74b2c590ed5d..38e46e9ba8bb 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_main.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_main.c
> @@ -6171,6 +6171,9 @@ u32 igc_rd32(struct igc_hw *hw, u32 reg)
>   	u8 __iomem *hw_addr = READ_ONCE(hw->hw_addr);
>   	u32 value = 0;
>   
> +	if (IGC_REMOVED(hw_addr))
> +		return ~value;
> +
>   	value = readl(&hw_addr[reg]);
>   
>   	/* reads should not return all F's */
> diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_regs.h b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_regs.h
> index e197a33d93a0..026c3b65fc37 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_regs.h
> +++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/intel/igc/igc_regs.h
> @@ -306,7 +306,8 @@ u32 igc_rd32(struct igc_hw *hw, u32 reg);
>   #define wr32(reg, val) \
>   do { \
>   	u8 __iomem *hw_addr = READ_ONCE((hw)->hw_addr); \
> -	writel((val), &hw_addr[(reg)]); \
> +	if (!IGC_REMOVED(hw_addr)) \
> +		writel((val), &hw_addr[(reg)]); \
>   } while (0)
>   
>   #define rd32(reg) (igc_rd32(hw, reg))
> @@ -318,4 +319,6 @@ do { \
>   
>   #define array_rd32(reg, offset) (igc_rd32(hw, (reg) + ((offset) << 2)))
>   
> +#define IGC_REMOVED(h) unlikely(!(h))
> +
>   #endif
Acked-by: Sasha Neftin <sasha.neftin@...el.com>

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