lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  linux-cve-announce  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Wed, 20 Jul 2022 11:34:32 -0700
From:   Jacob Keller <>
Cc:     Jakub Kicinski <>,
        Jacob Keller <>
Subject: [net-next PATCH 1/2] devlink: add dry run attribute to flash update

Users use the devlink flash interface to request a device driver program or
update the device flash chip. In some cases, a user (or script) may want to
verify that a given flash update command is supported without actually
committing to immediately updating the device. For example, a system
administrator may want to validate that a particular flash binary image
will be accepted by the device, or simply validate a command before finally
committing to it.

The current flash update interface lacks a method to support such a dry
run. Add a new DEVLINK_ATTR_DRY_RUN attribute which shall be used by a
devlink command to indicate that a request is a dry run which should not
perform device configuration. Instead, the command should report whether
the command or configuration request is valid.

While we can validate the initial arguments of the devlink command, a
proper dry run must be processed by the device driver. This is required
because only the driver can perform validation of the flash binary file.

Add a new dry_run parameter to the devlink_flash_update_params struct,
along with the associated bit to indicate if a driver supports verifying a
dry run.

We always check the dry run attribute last in order to allow as much
verification of other parameters as possible. For example, even if a driver
does not support the dry_run option, we can still validate the other
optional parameters such as the overwrite_mask and per-component update

Document that userspace should take care when issuing a dry run to older
kernels, as the flash update command is not strictly verified. Thus,
unknown attributes will be ignored and this could cause a request for a dry
run to perform an actual update. We can't fix old kernels to verify unknown
attributes, but userspace can check the maximum attribute and reject the
dry run request if it is not supported by the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Jacob Keller <>
 .../networking/devlink/devlink-flash.rst      | 23 +++++++++++++++++++
 include/net/devlink.h                         |  2 ++
 include/uapi/linux/devlink.h                  |  8 +++++++
 net/core/devlink.c                            | 19 ++++++++++++++-
 4 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/devlink/devlink-flash.rst b/Documentation/networking/devlink/devlink-flash.rst
index 603e732f00cc..1dc373229a54 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/devlink/devlink-flash.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/devlink/devlink-flash.rst
@@ -44,6 +44,29 @@ preserved across the update. A device may not support every combination and
 the driver for such a device must reject any combination which cannot be
 faithfully implemented.
+Dry run
+Users can request a "dry run" of a flash update by adding the
+command. If the attribute is present, the kernel will only verify that the
+provided command is valid. During a dry run, an update is not performed.
+If supported by the driver, the flash image contents are also validated and
+the driver may indicate whether the file is a valid flash image for the
+.. code:: shell
+   $ devlink dev flash pci/0000:af:00.0 file image.bin dry-run
+   Validating flash binary
+Note that user space should take care when adding this attribute. Older
+kernels which do not recognize the attribute may accept the command with an
+unknown attribute. This could lead to a request for a dry run which performs
+an unexpected update. To avoid this, user space should check the policy dump
+and verify that the attribute is recognized before adding it to the command.
 Firmware Loading
diff --git a/include/net/devlink.h b/include/net/devlink.h
index 88c701b375a2..ff5b1e60ad6a 100644
--- a/include/net/devlink.h
+++ b/include/net/devlink.h
@@ -622,10 +622,12 @@ struct devlink_flash_update_params {
 	const struct firmware *fw;
 	const char *component;
 	u32 overwrite_mask;
+	bool dry_run;
 struct devlink_region;
 struct devlink_info_req;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/devlink.h b/include/uapi/linux/devlink.h
index b3d40a5d72ff..e24a5a808a12 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/devlink.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/devlink.h
@@ -576,6 +576,14 @@ enum devlink_attr {
+	/* Before adding this attribute to a command, user space should check
+	 * the policy dump and verify the kernel recognizes the attribute.
+	 * Otherwise older kernels which do not recognize the attribute may
+	 * silently accept the unknown attribute while not actually performing
+	 * a dry run.
+	 */
+	DEVLINK_ATTR_DRY_RUN,			/* flag */
 	/* add new attributes above here, update the policy in devlink.c */
diff --git a/net/core/devlink.c b/net/core/devlink.c
index a9776ea923ae..7d403151bee2 100644
--- a/net/core/devlink.c
+++ b/net/core/devlink.c
@@ -4736,7 +4736,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devlink_flash_update_timeout_notify);
 static int devlink_nl_cmd_flash_update(struct sk_buff *skb,
 				       struct genl_info *info)
-	struct nlattr *nla_component, *nla_overwrite_mask, *nla_file_name;
+	struct nlattr *nla_component, *nla_overwrite_mask, *nla_file_name,
+		      *nla_dry_run;
 	struct devlink_flash_update_params params = {};
 	struct devlink *devlink = info->user_ptr[0];
 	const char *file_name;
@@ -4782,6 +4783,21 @@ static int devlink_nl_cmd_flash_update(struct sk_buff *skb,
 		return ret;
+	/* Always check dry run last, in order to allow verification of other
+	 * parameter support even if the particular driver does not yet
+	 * support a full dry-run
+	 */
+	nla_dry_run = info->attrs[DEVLINK_ATTR_DRY_RUN];
+	if (nla_dry_run) {
+		if (!(supported_params & DEVLINK_SUPPORT_FLASH_UPDATE_DRY_RUN)) {
+			NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(info->extack, nla_dry_run,
+					    "flash update is supported, but dry run is not supported for this device");
+			release_firmware(params.fw);
+			return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+		}
+		params.dry_run = true;
+	}
 	ret = devlink->ops->flash_update(devlink, &params, info->extack);
@@ -8997,6 +9013,7 @@ static const struct nla_policy devlink_nl_policy[DEVLINK_ATTR_MAX + 1] = {
+	[DEVLINK_ATTR_DRY_RUN] = { .type = NLA_FLAG },
 static const struct genl_small_ops devlink_nl_ops[] = {

Powered by blists - more mailing lists