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Date:   Wed, 10 Aug 2022 08:59:02 +0200
From:   Artem Savkov <>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <>,
        Daniel Borkmann <>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <>,,
        Andrea Arcangeli <>,
        Daniel Vacek <>,
        Jiri Olsa <>, Song Liu <>,
        Daniel Xu <>,
        Kumar Kartikeya Dwivedi <>,
        Artem Savkov <>
Subject: [PATCH bpf-next v5 0/3] destructive bpf_kfuncs

eBPF is often used for kernel debugging, and one of the widely used and
powerful debugging techniques is post-mortem debugging with a full memory dump.
Triggering a panic at exactly the right moment allows the user to get such a
dump and thus a better view at the system's state. Right now the only way to
do this in BPF is to signal userspace to trigger kexec/panic. This is
suboptimal as going through userspace requires context changes and adds
significant delays taking system further away from "the right moment". On a
single-cpu system the situation is even worse because BPF program won't even be
able to block the thread of interest.

This patchset tries to solve this problem by allowing properly marked tracing
bpf programs to call crash_kexec() kernel function. The only requirement for
now to run programs calling crash_kexec() or other destructive kfuncs is
CAP_SYS_BOOT capability. When signature checking for bpf programs is available
it is possible that stricter rules will be applied to programs utilizing
destructive kfuncs.

Changes in v5:
 - documentation numbering fixed
 - no more warning on failed kfunc registration

Changes in v4:
 - added description for KF_DESTRUCTIVE flag to documentation

Changes in v3:
 - moved kfunc set registration to kernel/bpf/helpers.c

Changes in v2:
 - BPF_PROG_LOAD flag dropped as it doesn't fully achieve it's aim of
   preventing accidental execution of destructive bpf programs
 - selftest moved to the end of patchset
 - switched to kfunc destructive flag instead of a separate set

Changes from RFC:
 - sysctl knob dropped
 - using crash_kexec() instead of panic()
 - using kfuncs instead of adding a new helper

Artem Savkov (3):
  bpf: add destructive kfunc flag
  bpf: export crash_kexec() as destructive kfunc
  selftests/bpf: add destructive kfunc test

 Documentation/bpf/kfuncs.rst                  |  9 +++++
 include/linux/btf.h                           |  3 +-
 kernel/bpf/helpers.c                          | 18 ++++++++++
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c                         |  5 +++
 net/bpf/test_run.c                            |  5 +++
 .../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/kfunc_call.c     | 36 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../bpf/progs/kfunc_call_destructive.c        | 14 ++++++++
 7 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/kfunc_call_destructive.c


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