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Date:   Tue, 4 Oct 2022 16:17:25 +0000
From:   "Michael Kelley (LINUX)" <mikelley@...rosoft.com>
To:     "Guilherme G. Piccoli" <gpiccoli@...lia.com>,
        "akpm@...ux-foundation.org" <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "bhe@...hat.com" <bhe@...hat.com>,
        "pmladek@...e.com" <pmladek@...e.com>,
        "kexec@...ts.infradead.org" <kexec@...ts.infradead.org>
CC:     "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-hyperv@...r.kernel.org" <linux-hyperv@...r.kernel.org>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "x86@...nel.org" <x86@...nel.org>,
        "kernel-dev@...lia.com" <kernel-dev@...lia.com>,
        "kernel@...ccoli.net" <kernel@...ccoli.net>,
        "halves@...onical.com" <halves@...onical.com>,
        "fabiomirmar@...il.com" <fabiomirmar@...il.com>,
        "alejandro.j.jimenez@...cle.com" <alejandro.j.jimenez@...cle.com>,
        "andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com" 
        <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>,
        "arnd@...db.de" <arnd@...db.de>, "bp@...en8.de" <bp@...en8.de>,
        "corbet@....net" <corbet@....net>,
        "d.hatayama@...fujitsu.com" <d.hatayama@...fujitsu.com>,
        "dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com" <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        "dyoung@...hat.com" <dyoung@...hat.com>,
        "feng.tang@...el.com" <feng.tang@...el.com>,
        "gregkh@...uxfoundation.org" <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        "hidehiro.kawai.ez@...achi.com" <hidehiro.kawai.ez@...achi.com>,
        "jgross@...e.com" <jgross@...e.com>,
        "john.ogness@...utronix.de" <john.ogness@...utronix.de>,
        "keescook@...omium.org" <keescook@...omium.org>,
        "luto@...nel.org" <luto@...nel.org>,
        "mhiramat@...nel.org" <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        "mingo@...hat.com" <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "paulmck@...nel.org" <paulmck@...nel.org>,
        "peterz@...radead.org" <peterz@...radead.org>,
        "rostedt@...dmis.org" <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        "senozhatsky@...omium.org" <senozhatsky@...omium.org>,
        "stern@...land.harvard.edu" <stern@...land.harvard.edu>,
        "tglx@...utronix.de" <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        "vgoyal@...hat.com" <vgoyal@...hat.com>,
        vkuznets <vkuznets@...hat.com>,
        "will@...nel.org" <will@...nel.org>,
        "xuqiang36@...wei.com" <xuqiang36@...wei.com>,
        Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@...il.com>,
        Dexuan Cui <decui@...rosoft.com>,
        Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@...rosoft.com>,
        KY Srinivasan <kys@...rosoft.com>,
        Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@...rosoft.com>,
        Tianyu Lan <Tianyu.Lan@...rosoft.com>,
        Wei Liu <wei.liu@...nel.org>
Subject: RE: [PATCH V3 09/11] video/hyperv_fb: Avoid taking busy spinlock on
 panic path

From: Guilherme G. Piccoli <gpiccoli@...lia.com> Sent: Friday, August 19, 2022 3:17 PM
> 
> The Hyper-V framebuffer code registers a panic notifier in order
> to try updating its fbdev if the kernel crashed. The notifier
> callback is straightforward, but it calls the vmbus_sendpacket()
> routine eventually, and such function takes a spinlock for the
> ring buffer operations.
> 
> Panic path runs in atomic context, with local interrupts and
> preemption disabled, and all secondary CPUs shutdown. That said,
> taking a spinlock might cause a lockup if a secondary CPU was
> disabled with such lock taken. Fix it here by checking if the
> ring buffer spinlock is busy on Hyper-V framebuffer panic notifier;
> if so, bail-out avoiding the potential lockup scenario.
> 
> Cc: Andrea Parri (Microsoft) <parri.andrea@...il.com>
> Cc: Dexuan Cui <decui@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: Michael Kelley <mikelley@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: Tianyu Lan <Tianyu.Lan@...rosoft.com>
> Cc: Wei Liu <wei.liu@...nel.org>
> Tested-by: Fabio A M Martins <fabiomirmar@...il.com>
> Signed-off-by: Guilherme G. Piccoli <gpiccoli@...lia.com>
> 
> ---
> 
> V3:
> - simplified the code based on Michael's suggestion - thanks!
> 
> V2:
> - new patch, based on the discussion in [0].
> [0] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2787b476-6366-1c83-db80-0393da417497@igalia.com/
> 
> 
>  drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c        | 13 +++++++++++++
>  drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c |  8 +++++++-
>  include/linux/hyperv.h          |  2 ++
>  3 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c b/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> index 59a4aa86d1f3..c6692fd5ab15 100644
> --- a/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> +++ b/drivers/hv/ring_buffer.c
> @@ -280,6 +280,19 @@ void hv_ringbuffer_cleanup(struct hv_ring_buffer_info
> *ring_info)
>  	ring_info->pkt_buffer_size = 0;
>  }
> 
> +/*
> + * Check if the ring buffer spinlock is available to take or not; used on
> + * atomic contexts, like panic path (see the Hyper-V framebuffer driver).
> + */
> +
> +bool hv_ringbuffer_spinlock_busy(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
> +{
> +	struct hv_ring_buffer_info *rinfo = &channel->outbound;
> +
> +	return spin_is_locked(&rinfo->ring_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_ringbuffer_spinlock_busy);
> +
>  /* Write to the ring buffer. */
>  int hv_ringbuffer_write(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
>  			const struct kvec *kv_list, u32 kv_count,
> diff --git a/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c b/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
> index 886c564787f1..e1b65a01fb96 100644
> --- a/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
> +++ b/drivers/video/fbdev/hyperv_fb.c
> @@ -783,12 +783,18 @@ static void hvfb_ondemand_refresh_throttle(struct
> hvfb_par *par,
>  static int hvfb_on_panic(struct notifier_block *nb,
>  			 unsigned long e, void *p)
>  {
> +	struct hv_device *hdev;
>  	struct hvfb_par *par;
>  	struct fb_info *info;
> 
>  	par = container_of(nb, struct hvfb_par, hvfb_panic_nb);
> -	par->synchronous_fb = true;
>  	info = par->info;
> +	hdev = device_to_hv_device(info->device);
> +
> +	if (hv_ringbuffer_spinlock_busy(hdev->channel))
> +		return NOTIFY_DONE;
> +
> +	par->synchronous_fb = true;
>  	if (par->need_docopy)
>  		hvfb_docopy(par, 0, dio_fb_size);
>  	synthvid_update(info, 0, 0, INT_MAX, INT_MAX);
> diff --git a/include/linux/hyperv.h b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> index 3b42264333ef..646f1da9f27e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hyperv.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hyperv.h
> @@ -1341,6 +1341,8 @@ struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info {
>  int hv_ringbuffer_get_debuginfo(struct hv_ring_buffer_info *ring_info,
>  				struct hv_ring_buffer_debug_info *debug_info);
> 
> +bool hv_ringbuffer_spinlock_busy(struct vmbus_channel *channel);
> +
>  /* Vmbus interface */
>  #define vmbus_driver_register(driver)	\
>  	__vmbus_driver_register(driver, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME)
> --
> 2.37.2

Reviewed-by: Michael Kelley <mikelley@...rosoft.com>

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