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Date:   Thu, 15 Dec 2022 20:39:32 +0900
From:   "Daniel T. Lee" <>
To:     Daniel Borkmann <>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <>,
        Andrii Nakryiko <>,
        Yonghong Song <>
Subject: [bpf-next 0/5] samples: bpf: enhance syscall tracing program

Syscall tracing using kprobe is quite unstable. Since it uses the exact
name of the kernel function, the program might broke due to the rename
of a function. The problem can also be caused by a changes in the
arguments of the function to which the kprobe connects. This commit
enhances syscall tracing program with the following instruments. 

In this patchset, ksyscall is used instead of kprobe. By using
ksyscall, libbpf will detect the appropriate kernel function name.
(e.g. sys_write -> __s390_sys_write). This eliminates the need to worry
about which wrapper function to attach in order to parse arguments.
Also ksyscall provides more fine method with attaching system call, the
coarse SYSCALL helper at trace_common.h can be removed.

Next, BPF_SYSCALL is used to reduce the inconvenience of parsing
arguments. Since the nature of SYSCALL_WRAPPER function wraps the
argument once, additional process of argument extraction is required
to properly parse the argument. The BPF_SYSCALL macro will reduces the
hassle of parsing arguments from pt_regs.

Lastly, vmlinux.h is applied to syscall tracing program. This change
allows the bpf program to refer to the internal structure as a single
"vmlinux.h" instead of including each header referenced by the bpf

Additionally, this patchset changes the suffix of _kern to .bpf to make
use of the new compile rule (CLANG-BPF) which is more simple and neat.
By just changing the _kern suffix to .bpf will inherit the benefit of
the new CLANG-BPF compile target.

Daniel T. Lee (5):
  samples: bpf: use kyscall instead of kprobe in syscall tracing program
  samples: bpf: use vmlinux.h instead of implicit headers in syscall
    tracing program
  samples: bpf: change _kern suffix to .bpf with syscall tracing program
  samples: bpf: fix tracex2 by using BPF_KSYSCALL macro
  samples: bpf: use BPF_KSYSCALL macro in syscall tracing programs

 samples/bpf/Makefile                          | 10 ++--
 ...p_perf_test_kern.c => map_perf_test.bpf.c} | 48 ++++++++-----------
 samples/bpf/map_perf_test_user.c              |  2 +-
 ...c => test_current_task_under_cgroup.bpf.c} | 11 ++---
 .../bpf/test_current_task_under_cgroup_user.c |  2 +-
 samples/bpf/test_map_in_map_kern.c            |  1 -
 ...ser_kern.c => test_probe_write_user.bpf.c} | 20 ++++----
 samples/bpf/test_probe_write_user_user.c      |  2 +-
 samples/bpf/trace_common.h                    | 13 -----
 ...trace_output_kern.c => trace_output.bpf.c} |  6 +--
 samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c               |  2 +-
 samples/bpf/{tracex2_kern.c => tracex2.bpf.c} | 13 ++---
 samples/bpf/tracex2_user.c                    |  2 +-
 13 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 81 deletions(-)
 rename samples/bpf/{map_perf_test_kern.c => map_perf_test.bpf.c} (85%)
 rename samples/bpf/{test_current_task_under_cgroup_kern.c => test_current_task_under_cgroup.bpf.c} (84%)
 rename samples/bpf/{test_probe_write_user_kern.c => test_probe_write_user.bpf.c} (71%)
 delete mode 100644 samples/bpf/trace_common.h
 rename samples/bpf/{trace_output_kern.c => trace_output.bpf.c} (82%)
 rename samples/bpf/{tracex2_kern.c => tracex2.bpf.c} (89%)


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