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Date: Sat,  7 Oct 2023 10:51:49 +0300
From: Andrew Kanner <>
	Andrew Kanner <>
Subject: [PATCH bpf v4] net/xdp: fix zero-size allocation warning in xskq_create()

Syzkaller reported the following issue:
 ------------[ cut here ]------------
 WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 2807 at mm/vmalloc.c:3247 __vmalloc_node_range (mm/vmalloc.c:3361)
 Modules linked in:
 CPU: 0 PID: 2807 Comm: repro Not tainted 6.6.0-rc2+ #12
 Hardware name: Generic DT based system
 unwind_backtrace from show_stack (arch/arm/kernel/traps.c:258)
 show_stack from dump_stack_lvl (lib/dump_stack.c:107 (discriminator 1))
 dump_stack_lvl from __warn (kernel/panic.c:633 kernel/panic.c:680)
 __warn from warn_slowpath_fmt (./include/linux/context_tracking.h:153 kernel/panic.c:700)
 warn_slowpath_fmt from __vmalloc_node_range (mm/vmalloc.c:3361 (discriminator 3))
 __vmalloc_node_range from vmalloc_user (mm/vmalloc.c:3478)
 vmalloc_user from xskq_create (net/xdp/xsk_queue.c:40)
 xskq_create from xsk_setsockopt (net/xdp/xsk.c:953 net/xdp/xsk.c:1286)
 xsk_setsockopt from __sys_setsockopt (net/socket.c:2308)
 __sys_setsockopt from ret_fast_syscall (arch/arm/kernel/entry-common.S:68)

xskq_get_ring_size() uses struct_size() macro to safely calculate the
size of struct xsk_queue and q->nentries of desc members. But the
syzkaller repro was able to set q->nentries with the value initially
taken from copy_from_sockptr() high enough to return SIZE_MAX by
struct_size(). The next PAGE_ALIGN(size) is such case will overflow
the size_t value and set it to 0. This will trigger WARN_ON_ONCE in
vmalloc_user() -> __vmalloc_node_range().

The issue is reproducible on 32-bit arm kernel.

Fixes: 9f78bf330a66 ("xsk: support use vaddr as ring")
Signed-off-by: Andrew Kanner <>

Notes (akanner):
      - add explanation about SIZE_MAX, suggested by Martin KaFai Lau
      - free kzalloc-ed memory before return, the leak was noticed by
        Daniel Borkmann <>
      - use unlikely() optimization for the case with SIZE_MAX return from
        struct_size(), suggested by Alexander Lobakin
      - cc-ed 4 more maintainers, mentioned by cc_maintainers patchwork
      - RFC notes:
        It was found that net/xdp/xsk.c:xsk_setsockopt() uses
        copy_from_sockptr() to get the number of entries (int) for cases
        Next in xsk_init_queue() there're 2 sanity checks (entries == 0)
        and (!is_power_of_2(entries)) for which -EINVAL will be returned.
        After that net/xdp/xsk_queue.c:xskq_create() will calculate the
        size multipling the number of entries (int) with the size of u64,
        at least.
        I wonder if there should be the upper bound (e.g. the 3rd sanity
        check inside xsk_init_queue()). It seems that without the upper
        limit it's quiet easy to overflow the allocated size (SIZE_MAX),
        especially for 32-bit architectures, for example arm nodes which
        were used by the syzkaller.
        In this patch I added a naive check for SIZE_MAX which helped to
        skip zero-size allocation after overflow, but maybe it's not quite
        right. Please, suggest if you have any thoughts about the
        appropriate limit for the size of these xdp rings.
        PS: the initial number of entries is 0x20000000 in syzkaller
        repro: syscall(__NR_setsockopt, (intptr_t)r[0], 0x11b, 3,
        0x20000040, 0x20);

 net/xdp/xsk_queue.c | 10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/net/xdp/xsk_queue.c b/net/xdp/xsk_queue.c
index f8905400ee07..d2c264030017 100644
--- a/net/xdp/xsk_queue.c
+++ b/net/xdp/xsk_queue.c
@@ -34,6 +34,16 @@ struct xsk_queue *xskq_create(u32 nentries, bool umem_queue)
 	q->ring_mask = nentries - 1;
 	size = xskq_get_ring_size(q, umem_queue);
+	/* size which is overflowing or close to SIZE_MAX will become 0 in
+	 * PAGE_ALIGN(), checking SIZE_MAX is enough due to the previous
+	 * is_power_of_2(), the rest will be handled by vmalloc_user()
+	 */
+	if (unlikely(size == SIZE_MAX)) {
+		kfree(q);
+		return NULL;
+	}
 	size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
 	q->ring = vmalloc_user(size);

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