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Date: Sat,  7 Oct 2023 10:14:14 +0200
From: Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt>
To: bpf@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	Martin KaFai Lau <martin.lau@...ux.dev>,
	Nikolay Aleksandrov <razor@...ckwall.org>,
	Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt>
Subject: [PATCH bpf v3 1/2] bpf: Derive source IP addr via bpf_*_fib_lookup()

Extend the bpf_fib_lookup() helper by making it to return the source
IPv4/IPv6 address if the BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC flag is set.

For example, the following snippet can be used to derive the desired
source IP address:

    struct bpf_fib_lookup p = { .ipv4_dst = ip4->daddr };

    ret = bpf_skb_fib_lookup(skb, p, sizeof(p),
            BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC | BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH);
    if (ret != BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_SUCCESS)
        return TC_ACT_SHOT;

    /* the p.ipv4_src now contains the source address */

The inability to derive the proper source address may cause malfunctions
in BPF-based dataplanes for hosts containing netdevs with more than one
routable IP address or for multi-homed hosts.

For example, Cilium implements packet masquerading in BPF. If an
egressing netdev to which the Cilium's BPF prog is attached has
multiple IP addresses, then only one [hardcoded] IP address can be used for
masquerading. This breaks connectivity if any other IP address should have
been selected instead, for example, when a public and private addresses
are attached to the same egress interface.

The change was tested with Cilium [1].

Nikolay Aleksandrov helped to figure out the IPv6 addr selection.

[1]: https://github.com/cilium/cilium/pull/28283

Signed-off-by: Martynas Pumputis <m@...bda.lt>
---
 include/net/ipv6_stubs.h       |  5 +++++
 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h       | 10 ++++++++++
 net/core/filter.c              | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
 net/ipv6/af_inet6.c            |  1 +
 tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 11 +++++++++++
 5 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/net/ipv6_stubs.h b/include/net/ipv6_stubs.h
index c48186bf4737..21da31e1dff5 100644
--- a/include/net/ipv6_stubs.h
+++ b/include/net/ipv6_stubs.h
@@ -85,6 +85,11 @@ struct ipv6_bpf_stub {
 			       sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen);
 	int (*ipv6_getsockopt)(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname,
 			       sockptr_t optval, sockptr_t optlen);
+	int (*ipv6_dev_get_saddr)(struct net *net,
+				  const struct net_device *dst_dev,
+				  const struct in6_addr *daddr,
+				  unsigned int prefs,
+				  struct in6_addr *saddr);
 };
 extern const struct ipv6_bpf_stub *ipv6_bpf_stub __read_mostly;
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 0448700890f7..0f5135eeee84 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -3257,6 +3257,11 @@ union bpf_attr {
  *			and *params*->smac will not be set as output. A common
  *			use case is to call **bpf_redirect_neigh**\ () after
  *			doing **bpf_fib_lookup**\ ().
+ *		**BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC**
+ *			Derive and set source IP addr in *params*->ipv{4,6}_src
+ *			for the nexthop. If the src addr cannot be derived,
+ *			**BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_SRC_ADDR** is returned. In this
+ *			case *params*->dmac and *params*->smac are not set.
  *
  *		*ctx* is either **struct xdp_md** for XDP programs or
  *		**struct sk_buff** tc cls_act programs.
@@ -6953,6 +6958,7 @@ enum {
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_OUTPUT  = (1U << 1),
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH = (1U << 2),
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_TBID    = (1U << 3),
+	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC     = (1U << 4),
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -6965,6 +6971,7 @@ enum {
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_UNSUPP_LWT,   /* fwd requires encapsulation */
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_NEIGH,     /* no neighbor entry for nh */
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_FRAG_NEEDED,  /* fragmentation required to fwd */
+	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_SRC_ADDR,  /* failed to derive IP src addr */
 };
 
 struct bpf_fib_lookup {
@@ -6999,6 +7006,9 @@ struct bpf_fib_lookup {
 		__u32	rt_metric;
 	};
 
+	/* input: source address to consider for lookup
+	 * output: source address result from lookup
+	 */
 	union {
 		__be32		ipv4_src;
 		__u32		ipv6_src[4];  /* in6_addr; network order */
diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
index a094694899c9..3880bf0b740d 100644
--- a/net/core/filter.c
+++ b/net/core/filter.c
@@ -5850,6 +5850,9 @@ static int bpf_ipv4_fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct bpf_fib_lookup *params,
 	params->rt_metric = res.fi->fib_priority;
 	params->ifindex = dev->ifindex;
 
+	if (flags & BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC)
+		params->ipv4_src = fib_result_prefsrc(net, &res);
+
 	/* xdp and cls_bpf programs are run in RCU-bh so
 	 * rcu_read_lock_bh is not needed here
 	 */
@@ -5992,6 +5995,18 @@ static int bpf_ipv6_fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct bpf_fib_lookup *params,
 	params->rt_metric = res.f6i->fib6_metric;
 	params->ifindex = dev->ifindex;
 
+	if (flags & BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC) {
+		if (res.f6i->fib6_prefsrc.plen) {
+			*src = res.f6i->fib6_prefsrc.addr;
+		} else {
+			err = ipv6_bpf_stub->ipv6_dev_get_saddr(net, dev,
+								&fl6.daddr, 0,
+								src);
+			if (err)
+				return BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_SRC_ADDR;
+		}
+	}
+
 	if (flags & BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH)
 		goto set_fwd_params;
 
@@ -6010,7 +6025,8 @@ static int bpf_ipv6_fib_lookup(struct net *net, struct bpf_fib_lookup *params,
 #endif
 
 #define BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_MASK (BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_DIRECT | BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_OUTPUT | \
-			     BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH | BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_TBID)
+			     BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH | BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_TBID | \
+			     BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC)
 
 BPF_CALL_4(bpf_xdp_fib_lookup, struct xdp_buff *, ctx,
 	   struct bpf_fib_lookup *, params, int, plen, u32, flags)
diff --git a/net/ipv6/af_inet6.c b/net/ipv6/af_inet6.c
index 368824fe9719..5382c6543d46 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/af_inet6.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/af_inet6.c
@@ -1060,6 +1060,7 @@ static const struct ipv6_bpf_stub ipv6_bpf_stub_impl = {
 	.udp6_lib_lookup = __udp6_lib_lookup,
 	.ipv6_setsockopt = do_ipv6_setsockopt,
 	.ipv6_getsockopt = do_ipv6_getsockopt,
+	.ipv6_dev_get_saddr = ipv6_dev_get_saddr,
 };
 
 static int __init inet6_init(void)
diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 0448700890f7..3392dd80474f 100644
--- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -3257,6 +3257,11 @@ union bpf_attr {
  *			and *params*->smac will not be set as output. A common
  *			use case is to call **bpf_redirect_neigh**\ () after
  *			doing **bpf_fib_lookup**\ ().
+ *		**BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC**
+ *			Derive and set source IP addr in *params*->ipv{4,6}_src
+ *			for the nexthop. If the src addr cannot be derived,
+ *			**BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_SRC_ADDR** is returned. In this
+ *			case *params*->dmac and *params*->smac are not set.
  *
  *		*ctx* is either **struct xdp_md** for XDP programs or
  *		**struct sk_buff** tc cls_act programs.
@@ -6953,6 +6958,7 @@ enum {
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_OUTPUT  = (1U << 1),
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SKIP_NEIGH = (1U << 2),
 	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_TBID    = (1U << 3),
+	BPF_FIB_LOOKUP_SRC     = (1U << 4),
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -6965,6 +6971,7 @@ enum {
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_UNSUPP_LWT,   /* fwd requires encapsulation */
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_NEIGH,     /* no neighbor entry for nh */
 	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_FRAG_NEEDED,  /* fragmentation required to fwd */
+	BPF_FIB_LKUP_RET_NO_SRC_ADDR,  /* failed to derive IP src addr */
 };
 
 struct bpf_fib_lookup {
@@ -6999,6 +7006,10 @@ struct bpf_fib_lookup {
 		__u32	rt_metric;
 	};
 
+
+	/* input: source address to consider for lookup
+	 * output: source address result from lookup
+	 */
 	union {
 		__be32		ipv4_src;
 		__u32		ipv6_src[4];  /* in6_addr; network order */
-- 
2.42.0


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