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Date: Tue, 17 Oct 2023 10:53:50 +0800
From: Ma Jun <Jun.Ma2@....com>
To: <amd-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org>, <lenb@...nel.org>,
	<johannes@...solutions.net>, <davem@...emloft.net>, <edumazet@...gle.com>,
	<kuba@...nel.org>, <pabeni@...hat.com>, <alexander.deucher@....com>,
	<Lijo.Lazar@....com>, <mario.limonciello@....com>
CC: <majun@....com>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	<linux-wireless@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	<linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>, <platform-driver-x86@...r.kernel.org>, Ma Jun
	<Jun.Ma2@....com>
Subject: [PATCH v12 1/9] Documentation/driver-api: Add document about WBRF mechanism

Add documentation about AMD's Wifi band RFI mitigation (WBRF) mechanism
explaining the theory and how it is used.

Signed-off-by: Ma Jun <Jun.Ma2@....com>
---
 Documentation/driver-api/wbrf.rst | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 73 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/driver-api/wbrf.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/wbrf.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/wbrf.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8561840263b3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/wbrf.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,73 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+
+=================================
+WBRF - Wifi Band RFI Mitigations
+=================================
+Due to electrical and mechanical constraints in certain platform designs
+there may be likely interference of relatively high-powered harmonics of
+the GPU memory clocks with local radio module frequency bands used by
+certain Wifi bands.
+
+To mitigate possible RFI interference producers can advertise the
+frequencies in use and consumers can use this information to avoid using
+these frequencies for sensitive features.
+
+When a platform is known to have this issue with any contained devices,
+the platform designer will advertise the availability of this feature via
+ACPI devices with a device specific method (_DSM).
+* Producers with this _DSM will be able to advertise the frequencies in use.
+* Consumers with this _DSM will be able to register for notifications of
+frequencies in use.
+
+Some general terms
+==================
+Producer: such component who can produce high-powered radio frequency
+Consumer: such component who can adjust its in-use frequency in
+           response to the radio frequencies of other components to
+           mitigate the possible RFI.
+
+To make the mechanism function, those producers should notify active use
+of their particular frequencies so that other consumers can make relative
+internal adjustments as necessary to avoid this resonance.
+
+ACPI interface
+==============
+Although initially used by for wifi + dGPU use cases, the ACPI interface
+can be scaled to any type of device that a platform designer discovers
+can cause interference.
+
+The GUID used for the _DSM is 7B7656CF-DC3D-4C1C-83E9-66E721DE3070.
+
+3 functions are available in this _DSM:
+
+* 0: discover # of functions available
+* 1: record RF bands in use
+* 2: retrieve RF bands in use
+
+Driver programming interface
+============================
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/platform/x86/amd/wbrf.c
+
+Sample Usage
+=============
+The expected flow for the producers:
+1) During probe, call `acpi_amd_wbrf_supported_producer` to check if WBRF
+can be enabled for the device.
+2) On using some frequency band, call `acpi_amd_wbrf_add_remove` with 'add'
+param to get other consumers properly notified.
+3) Or on stopping using some frequency band, call
+`acpi_amd_wbrf_add_remove` with 'remove' param to get other consumers notified.
+
+The expected flow for the consumers:
+1) During probe, call `acpi_amd_wbrf_supported_consumer` to check if WBRF
+can be enabled for the device.
+2) Call `amd_wbrf_register_notifier` to register for notification
+of frequency band change(add or remove) from other producers.
+3) Call the `amd_wbrf_retrieve_freq_band` intentionally to retrieve
+current active frequency bands considering some producers may broadcast
+such information before the consumer is up.
+4) On receiving a notification for frequency band change, run
+`amd_wbrf_retrieve_freq_band` again to retrieve the latest
+active frequency bands.
+5) During driver cleanup, call `amd_wbrf_unregister_notifier` to
+unregister the notifier.
-- 
2.34.1


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