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Date: Mon, 13 Nov 2023 04:23:23 +0100
From: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
To: stephen@...workplumber.org
Cc: razor@...ckwall.org,
	martin.lau@...nel.org,
	netdev@...r.kernel.org,
	Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Subject: [PATCH iproute2] ip, link: Add support for netkit

Add base support for creating/dumping netkit devices.

Minimal example usage:

  # ip link add type netkit
  # ip -d a
  [...]
  7: nk0@nk1: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,NOARP,M-DOWN> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 0 allmulti 0 minmtu 68 maxmtu 65535
    netkit mode l3 type peer policy forward numtxqueues 1 numrxqueues 1 [...]
  8: nk1@nk0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,NOARP,M-DOWN> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 0 allmulti 0 minmtu 68 maxmtu 65535
    netkit mode l3 type primary policy forward numtxqueues 1 numrxqueues 1 [...]

Example usage with netns (for BPF examples, see BPF selftests linked below):

  # ip netns add blue
  # ip link add nk0 type netkit peer nk1 netns blue
  # ip link set up nk0
  # ip addr add 10.0.0.1/24 dev nk0
  # ip -n blue link set up nk1
  # ip -n blue addr add 10.0.0.2/24 dev nk1
  # ping -c1 10.0.0.2
  PING 10.0.0.2 (10.0.0.2) 56(84) bytes of data.
  64 bytes from 10.0.0.2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.021 ms

Example usage with L2 mode and peer blackholing when no BPF is attached:

  # ip link add foo type netkit mode l2 forward peer blackhole bar
  # ip -d a
  [...]
  13: bar@foo: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,M-DOWN> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
     link/ether 5e:5b:81:17:02:27 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 0 allmulti 0 minmtu 68 maxmtu 65535
     netkit mode l2 type peer policy blackhole numtxqueues 1 numrxqueues 1 [...]
  14: foo@bar: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,M-DOWN> mtu 1500 qdisc noop state DOWN group default qlen 1000
     link/ether de:01:a5:88:9e:99 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 0 allmulti 0 minmtu 68 maxmtu 65535
     netkit mode l2 type primary policy forward numtxqueues 1 numrxqueues 1 [...]

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Link: https://git.kernel.org/torvalds/c/35dfaad7188c
Link: https://git.kernel.org/torvalds/c/05c31b4ab205
Link: https://git.kernel.org/torvalds/c/ace15f91e569
---
 (Targeted for iproute2 v6.7.0.)

 ip/Makefile              |   2 +-
 ip/iplink.c              |   4 +-
 ip/iplink_netkit.c       | 160 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 man/man8/ip-address.8.in |   3 +-
 man/man8/ip-link.8.in    |  44 +++++++++++
 5 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 ip/iplink_netkit.c

diff --git a/ip/Makefile b/ip/Makefile
index 8fd9e295..3535ba78 100644
--- a/ip/Makefile
+++ b/ip/Makefile
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ IPOBJ=ip.o ipaddress.o ipaddrlabel.o iproute.o iprule.o ipnetns.o \
     ipvrf.o iplink_xstats.o ipseg6.o iplink_netdevsim.o iplink_rmnet.o \
     ipnexthop.o ipmptcp.o iplink_bareudp.o iplink_wwan.o ipioam6.o \
     iplink_amt.o iplink_batadv.o iplink_gtp.o iplink_virt_wifi.o \
-    ipstats.o
+    iplink_netkit.o ipstats.o
 
 RTMONOBJ=rtmon.o
 
diff --git a/ip/iplink.c b/ip/iplink.c
index 9a548dd3..6989cc4d 100644
--- a/ip/iplink.c
+++ b/ip/iplink.c
@@ -46,8 +46,8 @@ void iplink_types_usage(void)
 		"          dsa | dummy | erspan | geneve | gre | gretap | gtp | ifb |\n"
 		"          ip6erspan | ip6gre | ip6gretap | ip6tnl |\n"
 		"          ipip | ipoib | ipvlan | ipvtap |\n"
-		"          macsec | macvlan | macvtap |\n"
-		"          netdevsim | nlmon | rmnet | sit | team | team_slave |\n"
+		"          macsec | macvlan | macvtap | netdevsim |\n"
+		"          netkit | nlmon | rmnet | sit | team | team_slave |\n"
 		"          vcan | veth | vlan | vrf | vti | vxcan | vxlan | wwan |\n"
 		"          xfrm | virt_wifi }\n");
 }
diff --git a/ip/iplink_netkit.c b/ip/iplink_netkit.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..c539777a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ip/iplink_netkit.c
@@ -0,0 +1,160 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
+/*
+ * iplink_netkit.c netkit device management
+ *
+ * Authors:        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
+ */
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <linux/if_link.h>
+
+#include "rt_names.h"
+#include "utils.h"
+#include "ip_common.h"
+
+static void explain(struct link_util *lu, FILE *f)
+{
+	fprintf(f,
+		"Usage: ... %s [ mode MODE ] [ POLICY ] [ peer [ POLICY <options> ] ]\n"
+		"\n"
+		"MODE: l3 | l2\n"
+		"POLICY: forward | blackhole\n"
+		"(first values are the defaults if nothing is specified)\n"
+		"\n"
+		"To get <options> type 'ip link add help'.\n",
+		lu->id);
+}
+
+static bool seen_mode, seen_peer;
+static struct rtattr *data;
+
+static int netkit_parse_opt(struct link_util *lu, int argc, char **argv,
+			    struct nlmsghdr *n)
+{
+	__u32 ifi_flags, ifi_change, ifi_index;
+	struct ifinfomsg *ifm, *peer_ifm;
+	int err;
+
+	ifm = NLMSG_DATA(n);
+	ifi_flags = ifm->ifi_flags;
+	ifi_change = ifm->ifi_change;
+	ifi_index = ifm->ifi_index;
+	ifm->ifi_flags = 0;
+	ifm->ifi_change = 0;
+	ifm->ifi_index = 0;
+	while (argc > 0) {
+		if (matches(*argv, "mode") == 0) {
+			__u32 mode = 0;
+
+			NEXT_ARG();
+			if (seen_mode)
+				duparg("mode", *argv);
+			seen_mode = true;
+
+			if (strcmp(*argv, "l3") == 0)
+				mode = NETKIT_L3;
+			else if (strcmp(*argv, "l2") == 0)
+				mode = NETKIT_L2;
+			else {
+				fprintf(stderr, "Error: argument of \"mode\" must be either \"l3\" or \"l2\"\n");
+				return -1;
+			}
+			addattr32(n, 1024, IFLA_NETKIT_MODE, mode);
+		} else if (matches(*argv, "forward") == 0 ||
+			   matches(*argv, "blackhole") == 0) {
+			int attr_name = seen_peer ?
+					IFLA_NETKIT_PEER_POLICY :
+					IFLA_NETKIT_POLICY;
+			__u32 policy = 0;
+
+			if (strcmp(*argv, "forward") == 0)
+				policy = NETKIT_PASS;
+			else if (strcmp(*argv, "blackhole") == 0)
+				policy = NETKIT_DROP;
+			else {
+				fprintf(stderr, "Error: policy must be either \"forward\" or \"blackhole\"\n");
+				return -1;
+			}
+			addattr32(n, 1024, attr_name, policy);
+		} else if (matches(*argv, "peer") == 0) {
+			if (seen_peer)
+				duparg("peer", *(argv + 1));
+			seen_peer = true;
+		} else {
+			char *type = NULL;
+
+			if (seen_peer) {
+				data = addattr_nest(n, 1024, IFLA_NETKIT_PEER_INFO);
+				n->nlmsg_len += sizeof(struct ifinfomsg);
+				err = iplink_parse(argc, argv, (struct iplink_req *)n, &type);
+				if (err < 0)
+					return err;
+				if (type)
+					duparg("type", argv[err]);
+				goto out_ok;
+			}
+			fprintf(stderr, "%s: unknown option \"%s\"?\n",
+				lu->id, *argv);
+			explain(lu, stderr);
+			return -1;
+		}
+		argc--;
+		argv++;
+	}
+out_ok:
+	if (data) {
+		peer_ifm = RTA_DATA(data);
+		peer_ifm->ifi_index = ifm->ifi_index;
+		peer_ifm->ifi_flags = ifm->ifi_flags;
+		peer_ifm->ifi_change = ifm->ifi_change;
+		addattr_nest_end(n, data);
+	}
+	ifm->ifi_flags = ifi_flags;
+	ifm->ifi_change = ifi_change;
+	ifm->ifi_index = ifi_index;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void netkit_print_opt(struct link_util *lu, FILE *f, struct rtattr *tb[])
+{
+	if (!tb)
+		return;
+	if (tb[IFLA_NETKIT_MODE]) {
+		__u32 mode = rta_getattr_u32(tb[IFLA_NETKIT_MODE]);
+		const char *mode_str =
+			mode == NETKIT_L2 ? "l2" :
+			mode == NETKIT_L3 ? "l3" : "unknown";
+
+		print_string(PRINT_ANY, "mode", "mode %s ", mode_str);
+	}
+	if (tb[IFLA_NETKIT_PRIMARY]) {
+		__u8 primary = rta_getattr_u8(tb[IFLA_NETKIT_PRIMARY]);
+		const char *type_str = primary ? "primary" : "peer";
+
+		print_string(PRINT_ANY, "type", "type %s ", type_str);
+	}
+	if (tb[IFLA_NETKIT_POLICY]) {
+		__u32 policy = rta_getattr_u32(tb[IFLA_NETKIT_POLICY]);
+		const char *policy_str =
+			policy == NETKIT_PASS ? "forward" :
+			policy == NETKIT_DROP ? "blackhole" : "unknown";
+
+		print_string(PRINT_ANY, "policy", "policy %s ", policy_str);
+	}
+}
+
+static void netkit_print_help(struct link_util *lu,
+			      int argc, char **argv, FILE *f)
+{
+	explain(lu, f);
+}
+
+struct link_util netkit_link_util = {
+	.id		= "netkit",
+	.maxattr	= IFLA_NETKIT_MAX,
+	.parse_opt	= netkit_parse_opt,
+	.print_opt	= netkit_print_opt,
+	.print_help	= netkit_print_help,
+};
diff --git a/man/man8/ip-address.8.in b/man/man8/ip-address.8.in
index b9a476a5..9d34a6a1 100644
--- a/man/man8/ip-address.8.in
+++ b/man/man8/ip-address.8.in
@@ -146,7 +146,8 @@ ip-address \- protocol address management
 .BR ipvlan " |"
 .BR lowpan " |"
 .BR geneve " |"
-.BR macsec " ]"
+.BR macsec " |"
+.BR netkit " ]"
 
 .SH "DESCRIPTION"
 The
diff --git a/man/man8/ip-link.8.in b/man/man8/ip-link.8.in
index e82b2dbb..ca49b008 100644
--- a/man/man8/ip-link.8.in
+++ b/man/man8/ip-link.8.in
@@ -247,6 +247,7 @@ ip-link \- network device configuration
 .BR macvlan  " | "
 .BR macvtap  " | "
 .BR netdevsim " |"
+.BR netkit " |"
 .BR nlmon " |"
 .BR rmnet " |"
 .BR sit " |"
@@ -384,6 +385,9 @@ Link types:
 .BR netdevsim
 - Interface for netdev API tests
 .sp
+.BR netkit
+- BPF-programmable network device
+.sp
 .BR nlmon
 - Netlink monitoring device
 .sp
@@ -848,6 +852,46 @@ tunnel.
 
 .in -8
 
+.TP
+netkit Type Support
+For a link of type
+.I netkit
+the following additional arguments are supported:
+
+.BI "ip link add " DEVICE
+.BR type " netkit "
+[
+.BI mode " MODE "
+] [
+.I "POLICY "
+] [
+.BR peer
+[
+.I "POLICY "
+] [
+.I "NAME "
+] ]
+
+.in +8
+
+.sp
+.BI mode " MODE"
+- specifies the operation mode of the netkit device with "l3" and "l2"
+as possible values. Default option is "l3".
+
+.sp
+.I "POLICY"
+- specifies the default device policy when no BPF programs are attached
+with "forward" and "blackhole" as possible values. Default option is
+"forward". Specifying policy before the peer option refers to the primary
+device, after the peer option refers to the peer device.
+
+.sp
+.I "NAME"
+- specifies the device name of the peer device.
+
+.in -8
+
 .TP
 IPIP, SIT Type Support
 For a link of type
-- 
2.34.1


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