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Date: Thu, 30 Nov 2023 16:51:47 +0100
From: Guillaume Nault <gnault@...hat.com>
To: David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>, Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
	Paolo Abeni <pabeni@...hat.com>, Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>
Cc: netdev@...r.kernel.org, David Ahern <dsahern@...nel.org>,
	Kuniyuki Iwashima <kuniyu@...zon.com>,
	Michal Kubecek <mkubecek@...e.cz>
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v3] tcp: Dump bound-only sockets in inet_diag.

On Thu, Nov 30, 2023 at 04:40:51PM +0100, Guillaume Nault wrote:
> Walk the hashinfo->bhash2 table so that inet_diag can dump TCP sockets
> that are bound but haven't yet called connect() or listen().
> 
> The code is inspired by the ->lhash2 loop. However there's no manual
> test of the source port, since this kind of filtering is already
> handled by inet_diag_bc_sk(). Also, a maximum of 16 sockets are dumped
> at a time, to avoid running with bh disabled for too long.
> 
> There's no TCP state for bound but otherwise inactive sockets. Such
> sockets normally map to TCP_CLOSE. However, "ss -l", which is supposed
> to only dump listening sockets, actually requests the kernel to dump
> sockets in either the TCP_LISTEN or TCP_CLOSE states. To avoid dumping
> bound-only sockets with "ss -l", we therefore need to define a new
> pseudo-state (TCP_BOUND_INACTIVE) that user space will be able to set
> explicitly.
> 
> With an IPv4, an IPv6 and an IPv6-only socket, bound respectively to
> 40000, 64000, 60000, an updated version of iproute2 could work as
> follow:
> 
>   $ ss -t state bound-inactive
>   Recv-Q   Send-Q     Local Address:Port       Peer Address:Port   Process
>   0        0                0.0.0.0:40000           0.0.0.0:*
>   0        0                   [::]:60000              [::]:*
>   0        0                      *:64000                 *:*

Here's a patch for iproute2-next for easy testing.
I'll submit it formally once the kernel side will be in place.

-------- >8 --------

diff --git a/man/man8/ss.8 b/man/man8/ss.8
index 073e9f03..4ece41fa 100644
--- a/man/man8/ss.8
+++ b/man/man8/ss.8
@@ -40,6 +40,10 @@ established connections) sockets.
 .B \-l, \-\-listening
 Display only listening sockets (these are omitted by default).
 .TP
+.B \-B, \-\-bound-inactive
+Display only TCP bound but inactive (not listening, connecting, etc.) sockets
+(these are omitted by default).
+.TP
 .B \-o, \-\-options
 Show timer information. For TCP protocol, the output format is:
 .RS
@@ -456,6 +460,9 @@ states except for
 - opposite to
 .B bucket
 
+.B bound-inactive
+- bound but otherwise inactive sockets (not listening, connecting, etc.)
+
 .SH EXPRESSION
 
 .B EXPRESSION
diff --git a/misc/ss.c b/misc/ss.c
index 9438382b..45f01286 100644
--- a/misc/ss.c
+++ b/misc/ss.c
@@ -210,6 +210,8 @@ enum {
 	SS_LAST_ACK,
 	SS_LISTEN,
 	SS_CLOSING,
+	SS_NEW_SYN_RECV,
+	SS_BOUND_INACTIVE,
 	SS_MAX
 };
 
@@ -1381,6 +1383,8 @@ static void sock_state_print(struct sockstat *s)
 		[SS_LAST_ACK] = "LAST-ACK",
 		[SS_LISTEN] =	"LISTEN",
 		[SS_CLOSING] = "CLOSING",
+		[SS_NEW_SYN_RECV] = "NEW-SYN-RECV",
+		[SS_BOUND_INACTIVE] = "BOUND-INACTIVE",
 	};
 
 	switch (s->local.family) {
@@ -5333,6 +5337,7 @@ static void _usage(FILE *dest)
 "   -r, --resolve       resolve host names\n"
 "   -a, --all           display all sockets\n"
 "   -l, --listening     display listening sockets\n"
+"   -B, --bound-inactive display TCP bound but inactive sockets\n"
 "   -o, --options       show timer information\n"
 "   -e, --extended      show detailed socket information\n"
 "   -m, --memory        show socket memory usage\n"
@@ -5415,6 +5420,8 @@ static int scan_state(const char *state)
 		[SS_LAST_ACK] = "last-ack",
 		[SS_LISTEN] =	"listening",
 		[SS_CLOSING] = "closing",
+		[SS_NEW_SYN_RECV] = "new-syn-recv",
+		[SS_BOUND_INACTIVE] = "bound-inactive",
 	};
 	int i;
 
@@ -5481,6 +5488,7 @@ static const struct option long_opts[] = {
 	{ "vsock", 0, 0, OPT_VSOCK },
 	{ "all", 0, 0, 'a' },
 	{ "listening", 0, 0, 'l' },
+	{ "bound-inactive", 0, 0, 'B' },
 	{ "ipv4", 0, 0, '4' },
 	{ "ipv6", 0, 0, '6' },
 	{ "packet", 0, 0, '0' },
@@ -5519,7 +5527,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 	int state_filter = 0;
 
 	while ((ch = getopt_long(argc, argv,
-				 "dhaletuwxnro460spTbEf:mMiA:D:F:vVzZN:KHSO",
+				 "dhalBetuwxnro460spTbEf:mMiA:D:F:vVzZN:KHSO",
 				 long_opts, NULL)) != EOF) {
 		switch (ch) {
 		case 'n':
@@ -5584,6 +5592,9 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
 		case 'l':
 			state_filter = (1 << SS_LISTEN) | (1 << SS_CLOSE);
 			break;
+		case 'B':
+			state_filter = 1 << SS_BOUND_INACTIVE;
+			break;
 		case '4':
 			filter_af_set(&current_filter, AF_INET);
 			break;


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