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Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2014 07:20:45 -0500
From: Bill Cox <>
Subject: GPU multiplication speed?

I'm trying to figure out how effective GPUs could be against
multiplication based compute-time hardened KDFs.  A modern CPU does  a
multiply in about 1ns.  If I am not mistaken, a GPU takes 4 or more
clocks to do an integer multiply, and they run no faster than about
1GHz, meaning at least 4ns per multiply.

If a defender hashes his password using 2GiB in 0.5 seconds on his PC
in a multiplication limited loop (easily done on 1 thread on a 3GHz+
Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge, or Haswell CPU and a single bank of 1,666MHz
DDR3 RAM), and an attacker has an 8GiB graphics card (do they sell
bigger?), then the attacker could only do 2 guesses in parallel, and
each guess will take 4 times longer, at about 2 seconds per guess, or
1 guesses per second total throughput.  That's half what the CPU can

Are my numbers right?  My Google-fu is failing me this morning.  I
could not find a table of NVDA or ATI GPU instruction latencies.  I
did find one post suggesting to use 24x24 multiplication because it's
only 4 clocks, but there was no mention of 32x32 latencies.


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