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Date: Sun, 24 Aug 2014 07:03:30 -0400
From: Bill Cox <waywardgeek@...hershed.org>
To: discussions@...sword-hashing.net
Subject: Re: [PHC] What TrueCrypt (probably) wants from the PHC

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On 08/23/2014 12:01 PM, Solar Designer wrote:
>> TrueCrypt volumes are currently essentially indistinguishable
>> from true random data (with some unfortunate caveats mentioned in
>> the audit). Because TrueCrypt has to open volumes with no idea
>> what the encryption parameters might be, TrueCrypt currently
>> tries every combination of supported encryption and password hash
>> to see if any work. That's OK, because it only takes a few
>> milliseconds to do them all. However, with multiple memory-hard
>> options, guessing the correct one could take too long. In this
>> case, I think Catena's "garlic" could work for us. We would have
>> TrueCrypt first try all the old combinations and when they fail,
>> we would guess a low garlic level appropriate for a mobile phone,
>> and then increase the garlic until we either would use more
>> memory than the machine has or run for too long. If the password
>> is correct, this should only take about twice as long to discover
>> the correct garlic level.
> 
> This sounds unnecessarily wasteful.  You could as well actually
> use the too-small-garlic hash values as input to the higher-garlic
> hash, just like Catena itself does internally.

Good point.  That way an attacker can't just guess the most likely
setting - he has to go through the whole set of sizes.  I'll do it
this way instead.

> In fact, you can extend this approach to parameters other than
> memory cost.  You can also keep increasing the instruction, SIMD,
> and thread parallelism along with each(?) higher memory cost
> setting you test. (And this does not mean actually running more
> threads, etc. than your hardware supports - indeed, you're not
> forced to actually make use of the parallelism as such on every
> hash computation.  You'll just use your hardware optimally.)
> 
> For example, currently you can use:
> 
> 128 MiB, 128-bit, 1 thread 1 GiB, 512-bit, 4 threads 4 GiB,
> 512-bit, 8 threads 16 GiB, 512-bit, 16 threads
> 
> with each stage's result input to the next stage, until you either
> hit the right password or hit a configured memory limit.

This is basically what I suggested on the TrueCrypt forum a year ago.
 It certainly would be an improvement to do it this way.

I forgot to mention that I want an option for multi-threaded hashing.
 Pepper doesn't work out as well.

> If the KDF has configurable cache-timing attack resistance, you can
> keep it enabled for the first invocation (or two) and disable it
> for the rest (so you get a hybrid scheme as a result, except on the
> smallest systems).

That's another good idea.  It could just be a pre-process, like a
cache-timing resistant 128MiB hash to start.  That way even a cell
phone gets some protection from unpredictable addressing.

>> Another problem is we face because of our no-visible-parameters
>> rule is that we can't support a lot of memory-hard hash
>> functions. Therefore:
>> 
>> - - Please choose *one* high-memory usage successor to Scrypt
> 
> That's flawed logic.  PHC choosing multiple winners that are
> suitable for your use doesn't mean you actually have to support
> multiple schemes. You can choose just one, irrespective of PHC
> panel's decision.
> 
> There are other good reasons for PHC not to inflate the number of 
> winners.  Your reason is just not among those, in my opinion.

You're right again.  The PMC should pick exactly one winner for each
specific category.  TrueCrypt falls into the volume-encryption
category.  Another would be the authentication server category.

Bill
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