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Date: Fri, 7 May 2021 18:09:20 +0200
From: Gynvael Coldwind <gynvael@...dwind.pl>
To: Q C <cq674350529@...il.com>
Cc: fulldisclosure <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
Subject: Re: [FD] Three vulnerabilities found in MikroTik's RouterOS

Hi,

I might be missing something, but how are these considered vulnerabilities?
My point is that these require authentication, and an already authenticated
user already has permissions to reboot the device anyway, right?

If the above assumption is correct, then there isn't really a security
boundary breach, so it would be a software bug, but not a vulnerability.
Or am I missing something?

Thanks,
Gynvael

On Fri, May 7, 2021 at 5:51 PM Q C <cq674350529@...il.com> wrote:

> [update 2021/05/04] Three CVEs have been assigned to these vulnerabilities.
>
> CVE-2020-20215: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.6 (long-term tree) suffers from a
> memory corruption vulnerability in the /nova/bin/diskd process. An
> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service due to invalid
> memory access.
>
> CVE-2020-20216: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.6 (long-term tree) suffers from a
> memory corruption vulnerability in the /nova/bin/graphing process. An
> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service (NULL pointer
> dereference)
>
> CVE-2020-20213: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.5 (long-term tree) suffers from an
> stack exhaustion vulnerability in the /nova/bin/net process. An
> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service due to
> overloading the systems CPU
>
>
>
> Q C <cq674350529@...il.com> 于2020年7月22日周三 下午8:11写道:
>
> > Advisory: three vulnerabilities found in MikroTik's RouterOS
> >
> >
> > Details
> > =======
> >
> > Product: MikroTik's RouterOS
> > Vendor URL: https://mikrotik.com/
> > Vendor Status: fixed version released
> > CVE: -
> > Credit: Qian Chen(@cq674350529) of Qihoo 360 Nirvan Team
> >
> >
> > Product Description
> > ==================
> >
> > RouterOS is the operating system used on the MikroTik's devices, such as
> > switch, router and access point.
> >
> >
> > Description of vulnerabilities
> > ==========================
> >
> > 1. Memory corruption vulnerability
> > The diskd process suffers from a memory corruption vulnerability. By
> > sending a crafted packet, an authenticated remote user can crash the
> diskd
> > process due to invalid memory access.
> >
> > Against stable 6.44.3, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
> >
> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: /nova/bin/diskd
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: --- signal=11
> > --------------------------------------------
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: eip=0x776cd1db eflags=0x00010202
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: edi=0x08056760 esi=0x08056790
> > ebp=0x7fd40b78 esp=0x7fd40b6c
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: eax=0x0000001b ebx=0x776d54ec
> > ecx=0x776d54ec edx=0x20fe0010
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: maps:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 08048000-08052000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 1131
> >       /nova/bin/diskd
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 77672000-776a7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 996
> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776ab000-776c5000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 992
> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776c6000-776d5000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 976
> >      /lib/libuc++.so
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776d6000-776de000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 982
> >      /lib/libubox.so
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776df000-7772b000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 978
> >      /lib/libumsg.so
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 77731000-77738000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 990
> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: stack: 0x7fd41000 - 0x7fd40b6c
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: ec 54 6d 77 1b 00 00 00 88 67 05 08 98 0b
> > d4 7f c6 c6 04 08 88 67 05 08 1b 00 00 00 10 00 fe 20
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 10 00 fe 20 ec 54 6d 77 f0 ea 6d 77 08 0c
> > d4 7f 6d a9 6d 77 88 67 05 08 1b 00 00 00 05 00 00 00
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: code: 0x776cd1db
> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 8b 00 8b 10 01 c2 83 c2 04 52 83 c0 04 50
> > ff 75
> >
> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.5, and has been
> > fixed in stable 6.47.
> >
> > 2. NULL pointer dereference vulnerability
> > The graphing process suffers from a memory corruption vulnerability. By
> > sending a crafted packet, an authenticated remote user can crash the
> > graphing process due to NULL
> > pointer dereference.
> >
> > Against stable 6.46.5, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
> >
> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: /nova/bin/graphing
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: --- signal=11
> > --------------------------------------------
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: eip=0x080521e2 eflags=0x00010202
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: edi=0x080610a0 esi=0x08061cb8
> > ebp=0x7fa8acd8 esp=0x7fa8acb0
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: eax=0x08061db8 ebx=0x7fa8ad0c
> > ecx=0x00000000 edx=0x08061ce8
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: maps:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 08048000-0805c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 1038
> >       /nova/bin/graphing
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 77651000-77686000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 964
> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7768a000-776a4000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 960
> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776a5000-776b4000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 944
> >      /lib/libuc++.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776b5000-776bd000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 950
> >      /lib/libubox.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776be000-7770a000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 946
> >      /lib/libumsg.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7770d000-77717000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 961
> >      /lib/libm-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7771c000-77723000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 958
> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: stack: 0x7fa8b000 - 0x7fa8acb0
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: e8 1c 06 08 b8 1d 06 08 00 00 00 00 01 00
> > 00 00 0c ad a8 7f 5b 00 00 00 b8 98 05 08 b8 98 05 08
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: f0 da 6b 77 0c ad a8 7f 28 ad a8 7f 3a bc
> > 6b 77 b8 1c 06 08 0c ad a8 7f 05 00 00 00 a0 10 06 08
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: code: 0x80521e2
> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: ff 51 04 83 c4 18 6a 5c 53 e8 a0 9c ff ff
> > 8b 56
> >
> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.6, and has been
> > fixed in stable 6.47.
> >
> > 3. Stack exhaustion vulnerability
> > The net process suffers from a stack exhaustion vulnerability. By sending
> > a crafted packet to the net process, an authenticated remote user can
> > trigger a stack exhaustion vulnerability via recursive function calls.
> >
> > When testing the proof of concept on an x86 RouterOS VM, this
> > vulnerability didn't just crash net process but caused the whole system
> to
> > reboot.
> >
> > Against stable 6.46.5, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
> >
> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: /nova/bin/net
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: --- signal=11
> > --------------------------------------------
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: eip=0x0809ec65 eflags=0x00010206
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: edi=0x7fb0fe4c esi=0x7fb0ff48
> > ebp=0x7f311018 esp=0x7f310fe0
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: eax=0x00fe0008 ebx=0x7772cae4
> > ecx=0x7772cae4 edx=0x08122630
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: maps:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 08048000-08121000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 1004
> >       /nova/bin/net
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 77654000-77689000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 964
> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 7768d000-776a7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 960
> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776a8000-776b7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 944
> >      /lib/libuc++.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776b8000-776c6000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 945
> >      /lib/libz.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776c7000-776d1000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 961
> >      /lib/libm-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776d3000-776db000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 950
> >      /lib/libubox.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776dc000-776df000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 948
> >      /lib/libuxml++.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776e0000-7772c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 946
> >      /lib/libumsg.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 7772f000-7774c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 947
> >      /lib/libucrypto.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 77750000-77757000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 958
> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: stack: 0x7fb10000 - 0x7f310fe0
> >
> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.5, and has been
> > fixed in stable 6.47.
> >
> >
> > Solution
> > ========
> >
> > Upgrade to the corresponding latest RouterOS tree version.
> >
> >
> > References
> > ==========
> >
> > [1] https://mikrotik.com/download/changelogs/stable-release-tree
> >
> >
>
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-- 
Gynvael Coldwind

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