lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite for Android: free password hash cracker in your pocket
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date: Sat, 8 May 2021 10:52:55 +0800
From: Q C <cq674350529@...il.com>
To: Gynvael Coldwind <gynvael@...dwind.pl>
Cc: fulldisclosure <fulldisclosure@...lists.org>
Subject: Re: [FD] Three vulnerabilities found in MikroTik's RouterOS

Hi,

In Mikrotik RouterOs, each user is assigned to a user group, which denotes
the rights of this user. A group policy is a combination of individual
policy items, and provides a convenient way to assign different permissions
and access rights to different user classes.    (Reference:
https://help.mikrotik.com/docs/display/ROS/User)

Some common individual policy items are: web, winbox, read, write, reboot
and so on. Among of them, reboot is treated as a separate permission. So an
authenticated user may not have the permission to reboot the device.

As to these vulnerabilities (or software bugs?), reboot permission is not
required to trigger them. And they may pose an impact on the system
services or even reboot the system. Of course, since authentication is
still necessary to trigger them, they have a low impact.

Thanks!


Gynvael Coldwind <gynvael@...dwind.pl> 于2021年5月8日周六 上午12:09写道:

> Hi,
>
> I might be missing something, but how are these considered vulnerabilities?
> My point is that these require authentication, and an already
> authenticated user already has permissions to reboot the device anyway,
> right?
>
> If the above assumption is correct, then there isn't really a security
> boundary breach, so it would be a software bug, but not a vulnerability.
> Or am I missing something?
>
> Thanks,
> Gynvael
>
> On Fri, May 7, 2021 at 5:51 PM Q C <cq674350529@...il.com> wrote:
>
>> [update 2021/05/04] Three CVEs have been assigned to these
>> vulnerabilities.
>>
>> CVE-2020-20215: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.6 (long-term tree) suffers from a
>> memory corruption vulnerability in the /nova/bin/diskd process. An
>> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service due to invalid
>> memory access.
>>
>> CVE-2020-20216: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.6 (long-term tree) suffers from a
>> memory corruption vulnerability in the /nova/bin/graphing process. An
>> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service (NULL pointer
>> dereference)
>>
>> CVE-2020-20213: Mikrotik RouterOs 6.44.5 (long-term tree) suffers from an
>> stack exhaustion vulnerability in the /nova/bin/net process. An
>> authenticated remote attacker can cause a Denial of Service due to
>> overloading the systems CPU
>>
>>
>>
>> Q C <cq674350529@...il.com> 于2020年7月22日周三 下午8:11写道:
>>
>> > Advisory: three vulnerabilities found in MikroTik's RouterOS
>> >
>> >
>> > Details
>> > =======
>> >
>> > Product: MikroTik's RouterOS
>> > Vendor URL: https://mikrotik.com/
>> > Vendor Status: fixed version released
>> > CVE: -
>> > Credit: Qian Chen(@cq674350529) of Qihoo 360 Nirvan Team
>> >
>> >
>> > Product Description
>> > ==================
>> >
>> > RouterOS is the operating system used on the MikroTik's devices, such as
>> > switch, router and access point.
>> >
>> >
>> > Description of vulnerabilities
>> > ==========================
>> >
>> > 1. Memory corruption vulnerability
>> > The diskd process suffers from a memory corruption vulnerability. By
>> > sending a crafted packet, an authenticated remote user can crash the
>> diskd
>> > process due to invalid memory access.
>> >
>> > Against stable 6.44.3, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
>> >
>> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: /nova/bin/diskd
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: --- signal=11
>> > --------------------------------------------
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: eip=0x776cd1db eflags=0x00010202
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: edi=0x08056760 esi=0x08056790
>> > ebp=0x7fd40b78 esp=0x7fd40b6c
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: eax=0x0000001b ebx=0x776d54ec
>> > ecx=0x776d54ec edx=0x20fe0010
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: maps:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 08048000-08052000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c
>> 1131
>> >       /nova/bin/diskd
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 77672000-776a7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 996
>> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776ab000-776c5000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 992
>> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776c6000-776d5000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 976
>> >      /lib/libuc++.so
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776d6000-776de000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 982
>> >      /lib/libubox.so
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 776df000-7772b000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 978
>> >      /lib/libumsg.so
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 77731000-77738000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 990
>> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: stack: 0x7fd41000 - 0x7fd40b6c
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: ec 54 6d 77 1b 00 00 00 88 67 05 08 98 0b
>> > d4 7f c6 c6 04 08 88 67 05 08 1b 00 00 00 10 00 fe 20
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 10 00 fe 20 ec 54 6d 77 f0 ea 6d 77 08 0c
>> > d4 7f 6d a9 6d 77 88 67 05 08 1b 00 00 00 05 00 00 00
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: code: 0x776cd1db
>> >     2020.06.04-14:18:22.55@0: 8b 00 8b 10 01 c2 83 c2 04 52 83 c0 04 50
>> > ff 75
>> >
>> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.5, and has been
>> > fixed in stable 6.47.
>> >
>> > 2. NULL pointer dereference vulnerability
>> > The graphing process suffers from a memory corruption vulnerability. By
>> > sending a crafted packet, an authenticated remote user can crash the
>> > graphing process due to NULL
>> > pointer dereference.
>> >
>> > Against stable 6.46.5, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
>> >
>> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: /nova/bin/graphing
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: --- signal=11
>> > --------------------------------------------
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: eip=0x080521e2 eflags=0x00010202
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: edi=0x080610a0 esi=0x08061cb8
>> > ebp=0x7fa8acd8 esp=0x7fa8acb0
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: eax=0x08061db8 ebx=0x7fa8ad0c
>> > ecx=0x00000000 edx=0x08061ce8
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: maps:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 08048000-0805c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c
>> 1038
>> >       /nova/bin/graphing
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 77651000-77686000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 964
>> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7768a000-776a4000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 960
>> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776a5000-776b4000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 944
>> >      /lib/libuc++.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776b5000-776bd000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 950
>> >      /lib/libubox.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 776be000-7770a000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 946
>> >      /lib/libumsg.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7770d000-77717000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 961
>> >      /lib/libm-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: 7771c000-77723000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 958
>> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: stack: 0x7fa8b000 - 0x7fa8acb0
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: e8 1c 06 08 b8 1d 06 08 00 00 00 00 01 00
>> > 00 00 0c ad a8 7f 5b 00 00 00 b8 98 05 08 b8 98 05 08
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: f0 da 6b 77 0c ad a8 7f 28 ad a8 7f 3a bc
>> > 6b 77 b8 1c 06 08 0c ad a8 7f 05 00 00 00 a0 10 06 08
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0:
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: code: 0x80521e2
>> >     2020.06.04-15:12:41.47@0: ff 51 04 83 c4 18 6a 5c 53 e8 a0 9c ff ff
>> > 8b 56
>> >
>> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.6, and has been
>> > fixed in stable 6.47.
>> >
>> > 3. Stack exhaustion vulnerability
>> > The net process suffers from a stack exhaustion vulnerability. By
>> sending
>> > a crafted packet to the net process, an authenticated remote user can
>> > trigger a stack exhaustion vulnerability via recursive function calls.
>> >
>> > When testing the proof of concept on an x86 RouterOS VM, this
>> > vulnerability didn't just crash net process but caused the whole system
>> to
>> > reboot.
>> >
>> > Against stable 6.46.5, the poc resulted in the following crash dump.
>> >
>> >     # cat /rw/logs/backtrace.log
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: /nova/bin/net
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: --- signal=11
>> > --------------------------------------------
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: eip=0x0809ec65 eflags=0x00010206
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: edi=0x7fb0fe4c esi=0x7fb0ff48
>> > ebp=0x7f311018 esp=0x7f310fe0
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: eax=0x00fe0008 ebx=0x7772cae4
>> > ecx=0x7772cae4 edx=0x08122630
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: maps:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 08048000-08121000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c
>> 1004
>> >       /nova/bin/net
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 77654000-77689000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 964
>> >      /lib/libuClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 7768d000-776a7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 960
>> >      /lib/libgcc_s.so.1
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776a8000-776b7000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 944
>> >      /lib/libuc++.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776b8000-776c6000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 945
>> >      /lib/libz.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776c7000-776d1000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 961
>> >      /lib/libm-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776d3000-776db000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 950
>> >      /lib/libubox.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776dc000-776df000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 948
>> >      /lib/libuxml++.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 776e0000-7772c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 946
>> >      /lib/libumsg.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 7772f000-7774c000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 947
>> >      /lib/libucrypto.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: 77750000-77757000 r-xp 00000000 00:0c 958
>> >      /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.33.2.so
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0:
>> >     2020.06.08-11:19:45.40@0: stack: 0x7fb10000 - 0x7f310fe0
>> >
>> > This vulnerability was initially found in long-term 6.44.5, and has been
>> > fixed in stable 6.47.
>> >
>> >
>> > Solution
>> > ========
>> >
>> > Upgrade to the corresponding latest RouterOS tree version.
>> >
>> >
>> > References
>> > ==========
>> >
>> > [1] https://mikrotik.com/download/changelogs/stable-release-tree
>> >
>> >
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> Sent through the Full Disclosure mailing list
>> https://nmap.org/mailman/listinfo/fulldisclosure
>> Web Archives & RSS: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/
>
>
>
> --
> Gynvael Coldwind
>

_______________________________________________
Sent through the Full Disclosure mailing list
https://nmap.org/mailman/listinfo/fulldisclosure
Web Archives & RSS: http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/

Powered by blists - more mailing lists