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Date: Thu, 29 Feb 2024 15:52:50 +0000
From: Lee Jones <lee@...nel.org>
To: linux-cve-announce@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Lee Jones <lee@...nel.org>
Subject: CVE-2023-52490: mm: migrate: fix getting incorrect page mapping during page migration

Description
===========

In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved:

mm: migrate: fix getting incorrect page mapping during page migration

When running stress-ng testing, we found below kernel crash after a few hours:

Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 0000000000000000
pc : dentry_name+0xd8/0x224
lr : pointer+0x22c/0x370
sp : ffff800025f134c0
.....
Call trace:
  dentry_name+0xd8/0x224
  pointer+0x22c/0x370
  vsnprintf+0x1ec/0x730
  vscnprintf+0x2c/0x60
  vprintk_store+0x70/0x234
  vprintk_emit+0xe0/0x24c
  vprintk_default+0x3c/0x44
  vprintk_func+0x84/0x2d0
  printk+0x64/0x88
  __dump_page+0x52c/0x530
  dump_page+0x14/0x20
  set_migratetype_isolate+0x110/0x224
  start_isolate_page_range+0xc4/0x20c
  offline_pages+0x124/0x474
  memory_block_offline+0x44/0xf4
  memory_subsys_offline+0x3c/0x70
  device_offline+0xf0/0x120
  ......

After analyzing the vmcore, I found this issue is caused by page migration.
The scenario is that, one thread is doing page migration, and we will use the
target page's ->mapping field to save 'anon_vma' pointer between page unmap and
page move, and now the target page is locked and refcount is 1.

Currently, there is another stress-ng thread performing memory hotplug,
attempting to offline the target page that is being migrated. It discovers that
the refcount of this target page is 1, preventing the offline operation, thus
proceeding to dump the page. However, page_mapping() of the target page may
return an incorrect file mapping to crash the system in dump_mapping(), since
the target page->mapping only saves 'anon_vma' pointer without setting
PAGE_MAPPING_ANON flag.

There are seveval ways to fix this issue:
(1) Setting the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON flag for target page's ->mapping when saving
'anon_vma', but this can confuse PageAnon() for PFN walkers, since the target
page has not built mappings yet.
(2) Getting the page lock to call page_mapping() in __dump_page() to avoid crashing
the system, however, there are still some PFN walkers that call page_mapping()
without holding the page lock, such as compaction.
(3) Using target page->private field to save the 'anon_vma' pointer and 2 bits
page state, just as page->mapping records an anonymous page, which can remove
the page_mapping() impact for PFN walkers and also seems a simple way.

So I choose option 3 to fix this issue, and this can also fix other potential
issues for PFN walkers, such as compaction.

The Linux kernel CVE team has assigned CVE-2023-52490 to this issue.


Affected and fixed versions
===========================

	Issue introduced in 6.3 with commit 64c8902ed441 and fixed in 6.6.15 with commit 9128bfbc5c80
	Issue introduced in 6.3 with commit 64c8902ed441 and fixed in 6.7.3 with commit 3889a418b6eb
	Issue introduced in 6.3 with commit 64c8902ed441 and fixed in 6.8-rc1 with commit d1adb25df711

Please see https://www.kernel.org or a full list of currently supported
kernel versions by the kernel community.

Unaffected versions might change over time as fixes are backported to
older supported kernel versions.  The official CVE entry at
	https://cve.org/CVERecord/?id=CVE-2023-52490
will be updated if fixes are backported, please check that for the most
up to date information about this issue.


Affected files
==============

The file(s) affected by this issue are:
	mm/migrate.c


Mitigation
==========

The Linux kernel CVE team recommends that you update to the latest
stable kernel version for this, and many other bugfixes.  Individual
changes are never tested alone, but rather are part of a larger kernel
release.  Cherry-picking individual commits is not recommended or
supported by the Linux kernel community at all.  If however, updating to
the latest release is impossible, the individual changes to resolve this
issue can be found at these commits:
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/9128bfbc5c80d8f4874dd0a0424d1f5fb010df1b
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/3889a418b6eb9a1113fb989aaadecf2f64964767
	https://git.kernel.org/stable/c/d1adb25df7111de83b64655a80b5a135adbded61

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