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Date:	Tue, 05 Jun 2007 10:48:53 -0700
From:	Avantika Mathur <mathur@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	Andreas Dilger <adilger@...sterfs.com>
Cc:	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] uninitialized groups ported - kernel

Hi Andreas,

I have ported your uninitialized block group kernel patch to mainline
2.6.22-rc3, included below.
I will also be posting the ported e2fsprogs patches. I had trouble
testing the patches because of inconsistency in the block_group
structure in e2fsprogs - which is only using ext2_block_group, and not
ext4_block_group.

Thanks
Avantika 

---

diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/balloc.c linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/balloc.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/balloc.c	2007-05-25 19:55:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/balloc.c	2007-06-04 16:37:12.000000000 -0700
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/quotaops.h>
 #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
 
+#include "group.h"
 /*
  * balloc.c contains the blocks allocation and deallocation routines
  */
@@ -42,6 +43,75 @@ void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct
 
 }
 
+/* Initializes an uninitialized block bitmap if given, and returns the
+ * number of blocks free in the group. */
+unsigned ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh,
+				int block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
+{
+	unsigned long start;
+	int bit, bit_max;
+	unsigned free_blocks;
+	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
+
+	if (bh) {
+		J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_locked(bh));
+
+		/* If checksum is bad mark all blocks use to prevent allocation,
+		 * essentially implementing a per-group read-only flag. */
+		if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sbi, block_group, gdp)) {
+			ext4_error(sb, __FUNCTION__,
+				   "Checksum bad for group %u\n", block_group);
+			gdp->bg_free_blocks_count = 0;
+			gdp->bg_free_inodes_count = 0;
+			gdp->bg_itable_unused = 0;
+			memset(bh->b_data, 0xff, sb->s_blocksize);
+			return 0;
+		}
+		memset(bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize);
+	}
+
+	/* Check for superblock and gdt backups in this group */
+	bit_max = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, block_group);
+
+	if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) ||
+	    block_group < le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg) *
+			  sbi->s_desc_per_block) {
+		if (bit_max) {
+			bit_max += ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, block_group);
+			bit_max +=le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
+		}
+	} else { /* For META_BG_BLOCK_GROUPS */
+		int group_rel = (block_group -
+				 le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg)) %
+				EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
+		if (group_rel == 0 || group_rel == 1 ||
+		    (group_rel == EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1))
+			bit_max += 1;
+	}
+
+	/* Last and first groups are always initialized */
+	free_blocks = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - bit_max;
+
+	if (bh) {
+		for (bit = 0; bit < bit_max; bit++)
+			ext4_set_bit(bit, bh->b_data);
+
+		start = block_group * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) +
+			le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block);
+
+		/* Set bits for block and inode bitmaps, and inode table */
+		ext4_set_bit(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap) - start,
+			     bh->b_data);
+		ext4_set_bit(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap) - start,
+			     bh->b_data);
+		for (bit = le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_table) - start,
+		     bit_max = bit + sbi->s_itb_per_group; bit < bit_max; bit++)
+			ext4_set_bit(bit, bh->b_data);
+	}
+
+	return free_blocks - sbi->s_itb_per_group - 2;
+}
+
 /*
  * The free blocks are managed by bitmaps.  A file system contains several
  * blocks groups.  Each group contains 1 bitmap block for blocks, 1 bitmap
@@ -110,16 +180,28 @@ struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_
  *
  * Return buffer_head on success or NULL in case of failure.
  */
-static struct buffer_head *
+struct buffer_head *
 read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int block_group)
 {
 	struct ext4_group_desc * desc;
 	struct buffer_head * bh = NULL;
 
-	desc = ext4_get_group_desc (sb, block_group, NULL);
+	desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL);
 	if (!desc)
 		goto error_out;
-	bh = sb_bread(sb, ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc));
+	if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
+		bh = sb_getblk(sb, le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_block_bitmap));
+		if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+			lock_buffer(bh);
+			if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+				ext4_init_block_bitmap(sb, bh,block_group,desc);
+				set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
+			}
+			unlock_buffer(bh);
+		}
+	} else {
+		bh = sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_block_bitmap));
+	}
 	if (!bh)
 		ext4_error (sb, "read_block_bitmap",
 			    "Cannot read block bitmap - "
@@ -586,6 +668,7 @@ do_more:
 	desc->bg_free_blocks_count =
 		cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(desc->bg_free_blocks_count) +
 			group_freed);
+	desc->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, block_group, desc);
 	spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, block_group));
 	percpu_counter_mod(&sbi->s_freeblocks_counter, count);
 
@@ -1644,8 +1727,11 @@ allocated:
 			ret_block, goal_hits, goal_attempts);
 
 	spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+	if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT))
+		gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT);
 	gdp->bg_free_blocks_count =
 			cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count)-num);
+	gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, group_no, gdp);
 	spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
 	percpu_counter_mod(&sbi->s_freeblocks_counter, -num);
 
diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/group.h linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/group.h
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/group.h	1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/group.h	2007-06-04 16:37:12.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+/*
+ *  linux/fs/ext4/group.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Cluster File Systems, Inc
+ *
+ * Author: Andreas Dilger <adilger@...sterfs.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_EXT4_GROUP_H
+#define _LINUX_EXT4_GROUP_H
+#if defined(CONFIG_CRC16) || defined(CONFIG_CRC16_MODULE)
+#include <linux/crc16.h>
+#endif
+
+extern __le16 ext4_group_desc_csum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, __u32 group,
+				   struct ext4_group_desc *gdp);
+extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, __u32 group,
+				       struct ext4_group_desc *gdp);
+struct buffer_head *read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
+				      unsigned int block_group);
+extern unsigned ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
+				       struct buffer_head *bh, int group,
+				       struct ext4_group_desc *desc);
+#define ext4_free_blocks_after_init(sb, group, desc)			\
+		ext4_init_block_bitmap(sb, NULL, group, desc)
+extern unsigned ext4_init_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
+				       struct buffer_head *bh, int group,
+				       struct ext4_group_desc *desc);
+#endif /* _LINUX_EXT4_GROUP_H */
diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/ialloc.c linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/ialloc.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/ialloc.c	2007-05-25 19:55:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/ialloc.c	2007-06-04 16:37:12.000000000 -0700
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
 
 #include "xattr.h"
 #include "acl.h"
+#include "group.h"
 
 /*
  * ialloc.c contains the inodes allocation and deallocation routines
@@ -43,6 +44,52 @@
  * the free blocks count in the block.
  */
 
+/*
+ * To avoid calling the atomic setbit hundreds or thousands of times, we only
+ * need to use it within a single byte (to ensure we get endianness right).
+ * We can use memset for the rest of the bitmap as there are no other users.
+ */
+static void mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	if (start_bit >= end_bit)
+		return;
+
+	ext4_debug("mark end bits +%d through +%d used\n", start_bit, end_bit);
+	for (i = start_bit; i < ((start_bit + 7) & ~7UL); i++)
+		ext4_set_bit(i, bitmap);
+	if (i < end_bit)
+		memset(bitmap + (i >> 3), 0xff, (end_bit - i) >> 3);
+}
+
+/* Initializes an uninitialized inode bitmap */
+unsigned ext4_init_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
+				struct buffer_head *bh, int block_group,
+				struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
+{
+	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
+
+	J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_locked(bh));
+
+	/* If checksum is bad mark all blocks and inodes use to prevent
+	 * allocation, essentially implementing a per-group read-only flag. */
+	if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sbi, block_group, gdp)) {
+		ext4_error(sb, __FUNCTION__, "Checksum bad for group %u\n",
+			   block_group);
+		gdp->bg_free_blocks_count = 0;
+		gdp->bg_free_inodes_count = 0;
+		gdp->bg_itable_unused = 0;
+		memset(bh->b_data, 0xff, sb->s_blocksize);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	memset(bh->b_data, 0, (EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) + 7) / 8);
+	mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb),
+			bh->b_data);
+
+	return EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb);
+}
 
 /*
  * Read the inode allocation bitmap for a given block_group, reading
@@ -59,8 +106,19 @@ read_inode_bitmap(struct super_block * s
 	desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL);
 	if (!desc)
 		goto error_out;
-
-	bh = sb_bread(sb, ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc));
+	if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT)) {
+		bh = sb_getblk(sb, le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_inode_bitmap));
+		if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+			lock_buffer(bh);
+			if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+				ext4_init_inode_bitmap(sb, bh,block_group,desc);
+				set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
+			}
+			unlock_buffer(bh);
+		}
+	} else {
+		bh = sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_inode_bitmap));
+	}
 	if (!bh)
 		ext4_error(sb, "read_inode_bitmap",
 			    "Cannot read inode bitmap - "
@@ -169,6 +227,8 @@ void ext4_free_inode (handle_t *handle, 
 			if (is_directory)
 				gdp->bg_used_dirs_count = cpu_to_le16(
 				  le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_used_dirs_count) - 1);
+			gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi,block_group,
+								gdp);
 			spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, block_group));
 			percpu_counter_inc(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
 			if (is_directory)
@@ -438,7 +498,7 @@ struct inode *ext4_new_inode(handle_t *h
 	struct ext4_sb_info *sbi;
 	int err = 0;
 	struct inode *ret;
-	int i;
+	int i, free = 0;
 
 	/* Cannot create files in a deleted directory */
 	if (!dir || !dir->i_nlink)
@@ -520,11 +580,13 @@ repeat_in_this_group:
 	goto out;
 
 got:
-	ino += group * EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) + 1;
-	if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) || ino > le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) {
-		ext4_error (sb, "ext4_new_inode",
-			    "reserved inode or inode > inodes count - "
-			    "block_group = %d, inode=%lu", group, ino);
+	ino++;
+	if ((group == 0 && ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb)) ||
+	    ino > EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb)) {
+		ext4_error(sb, __FUNCTION__,
+			   "reserved inode or inode > inodes count - "
+			   "block_group = %d, inode=%lu", group,
+			   ino + group * EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb));
 		err = -EIO;
 		goto fail;
 	}
@@ -532,13 +594,65 @@ got:
 	BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "get_write_access");
 	err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh2);
 	if (err) goto fail;
+
+	/* We may have to initialize the block bitmap if it isn't already */
+	if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM) &&
+	    gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
+		struct buffer_head *block_bh = read_block_bitmap(sb, group);
+
+		BUFFER_TRACE(block_bh, "get block bitmap access");
+		err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, block_bh);
+		if (err) {
+			brelse(block_bh);
+			goto fail;
+		}
+
+		free = 0;
+		spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group));
+		/* recheck and clear flag under lock if we still need to */
+		if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
+			gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT);
+			free = ext4_free_blocks_after_init(sb, group, gdp);
+			gdp->bg_free_blocks_count = cpu_to_le16(free);
+		}
+		spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group));
+
+		/* Don't need to dirty bitmap block if we didn't change it */
+		if (free) {
+			BUFFER_TRACE(block_bh, "dirty block bitmap");
+			err = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, block_bh);
+		}
+
+		brelse(block_bh);
+		if (err)
+			goto fail;
+	}
+
 	spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group));
+	/* If we didn't allocate from within the initialized part of the inode
+	 * table then we need to initialize up to this inode. */
+	if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM)) {
+		if (gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT)) {
+			gdp->bg_flags &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT);
+			free = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb);
+		} else {
+			free = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) -
+				le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_itable_unused);
+		}
+
+		if (ino > free) {
+			gdp->bg_itable_unused =
+				cpu_to_le16(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) - ino);
+		}
+	}
+
 	gdp->bg_free_inodes_count =
 		cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_inodes_count) - 1);
 	if (S_ISDIR(mode)) {
 		gdp->bg_used_dirs_count =
 			cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_used_dirs_count) + 1);
 	}
+	gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, group, gdp);
 	spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group));
 	BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "call ext4_journal_dirty_metadata");
 	err = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, bh2);
@@ -560,7 +674,7 @@ got:
 		inode->i_gid = current->fsgid;
 	inode->i_mode = mode;
 
-	inode->i_ino = ino;
+	inode->i_ino = ino + group * EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb);
 	/* This is the optimal IO size (for stat), not the fs block size */
 	inode->i_blocks = 0;
 	inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/resize.c linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/resize.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/resize.c	2007-05-25 19:55:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/resize.c	2007-06-04 16:37:12.000000000 -0700
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/errno.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 
+#include "group.h"
 
 #define outside(b, first, last)	((b) < (first) || (b) >= (last))
 #define inside(b, first, last)	((b) >= (first) && (b) < (last))
@@ -842,6 +843,7 @@ int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *s
 	ext4_inode_table_set(sb, gdp, input->inode_table); /* LV FIXME */
 	gdp->bg_free_blocks_count = cpu_to_le16(input->free_blocks_count);
 	gdp->bg_free_inodes_count = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb));
+	gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, input->group, gdp);
 
 	/*
 	 * Make the new blocks and inodes valid next.  We do this before
diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/super.c linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/super.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/fs/ext4/super.c	2007-05-25 19:55:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/fs/ext4/super.c	2007-06-04 16:39:06.000000000 -0700
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
 #include "xattr.h"
 #include "acl.h"
 #include "namei.h"
+#include "group.h"
 
 static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *, struct ext4_super_block *,
 			     unsigned long journal_devnum);
@@ -1223,6 +1224,90 @@ static int ext4_setup_super(struct super
 	return res;
 }
 
+#if !defined(CONFIG_CRC16) && !defined(CONFIG_CRC16_MODULE)
+/** CRC table for the CRC-16. The poly is 0x8005 (x16 + x15 + x2 + 1) */
+__u16 const crc16_table[256] = {
+	0x0000, 0xC0C1, 0xC181, 0x0140, 0xC301, 0x03C0, 0x0280, 0xC241,
+	0xC601, 0x06C0, 0x0780, 0xC741, 0x0500, 0xC5C1, 0xC481, 0x0440,
+	0xCC01, 0x0CC0, 0x0D80, 0xCD41, 0x0F00, 0xCFC1, 0xCE81, 0x0E40,
+	0x0A00, 0xCAC1, 0xCB81, 0x0B40, 0xC901, 0x09C0, 0x0880, 0xC841,
+	0xD801, 0x18C0, 0x1980, 0xD941, 0x1B00, 0xDBC1, 0xDA81, 0x1A40,
+	0x1E00, 0xDEC1, 0xDF81, 0x1F40, 0xDD01, 0x1DC0, 0x1C80, 0xDC41,
+	0x1400, 0xD4C1, 0xD581, 0x1540, 0xD701, 0x17C0, 0x1680, 0xD641,
+	0xD201, 0x12C0, 0x1380, 0xD341, 0x1100, 0xD1C1, 0xD081, 0x1040,
+	0xF001, 0x30C0, 0x3180, 0xF141, 0x3300, 0xF3C1, 0xF281, 0x3240,
+	0x3600, 0xF6C1, 0xF781, 0x3740, 0xF501, 0x35C0, 0x3480, 0xF441,
+	0x3C00, 0xFCC1, 0xFD81, 0x3D40, 0xFF01, 0x3FC0, 0x3E80, 0xFE41,
+	0xFA01, 0x3AC0, 0x3B80, 0xFB41, 0x3900, 0xF9C1, 0xF881, 0x3840,
+	0x2800, 0xE8C1, 0xE981, 0x2940, 0xEB01, 0x2BC0, 0x2A80, 0xEA41,
+	0xEE01, 0x2EC0, 0x2F80, 0xEF41, 0x2D00, 0xEDC1, 0xEC81, 0x2C40,
+	0xE401, 0x24C0, 0x2580, 0xE541, 0x2700, 0xE7C1, 0xE681, 0x2640,
+	0x2200, 0xE2C1, 0xE381, 0x2340, 0xE101, 0x21C0, 0x2080, 0xE041,
+	0xA001, 0x60C0, 0x6180, 0xA141, 0x6300, 0xA3C1, 0xA281, 0x6240,
+	0x6600, 0xA6C1, 0xA781, 0x6740, 0xA501, 0x65C0, 0x6480, 0xA441,
+	0x6C00, 0xACC1, 0xAD81, 0x6D40, 0xAF01, 0x6FC0, 0x6E80, 0xAE41,
+	0xAA01, 0x6AC0, 0x6B80, 0xAB41, 0x6900, 0xA9C1, 0xA881, 0x6840,
+	0x7800, 0xB8C1, 0xB981, 0x7940, 0xBB01, 0x7BC0, 0x7A80, 0xBA41,
+	0xBE01, 0x7EC0, 0x7F80, 0xBF41, 0x7D00, 0xBDC1, 0xBC81, 0x7C40,
+	0xB401, 0x74C0, 0x7580, 0xB541, 0x7700, 0xB7C1, 0xB681, 0x7640,
+	0x7200, 0xB2C1, 0xB381, 0x7340, 0xB101, 0x71C0, 0x7080, 0xB041,
+	0x5000, 0x90C1, 0x9181, 0x5140, 0x9301, 0x53C0, 0x5280, 0x9241,
+	0x9601, 0x56C0, 0x5780, 0x9741, 0x5500, 0x95C1, 0x9481, 0x5440,
+	0x9C01, 0x5CC0, 0x5D80, 0x9D41, 0x5F00, 0x9FC1, 0x9E81, 0x5E40,
+	0x5A00, 0x9AC1, 0x9B81, 0x5B40, 0x9901, 0x59C0, 0x5880, 0x9841,
+	0x8801, 0x48C0, 0x4980, 0x8941, 0x4B00, 0x8BC1, 0x8A81, 0x4A40,
+	0x4E00, 0x8EC1, 0x8F81, 0x4F40, 0x8D01, 0x4DC0, 0x4C80, 0x8C41,
+	0x4400, 0x84C1, 0x8581, 0x4540, 0x8701, 0x47C0, 0x4680, 0x8641,
+	0x8201, 0x42C0, 0x4380, 0x8341, 0x4100, 0x81C1, 0x8081, 0x4040
+};
+
+static inline __u16 crc16_byte(__u16 crc, const __u8 data)
+{
+	return (crc >> 8) ^ crc16_table[(crc ^ data) & 0xff];
+}
+
+__u16 crc16(__u16 crc, __u8 const *buffer, size_t len)
+{
+	while (len--)
+		crc = crc16_byte(crc, *buffer++);
+	return crc;
+}
+#endif
+
+__le16 ext4_group_desc_csum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, __u32 block_group,
+			    struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
+{
+	__u16 crc = 0;
+
+	if (sbi->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &
+	    cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM)) {
+		int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_checksum);
+		__le32 le_group = cpu_to_le32(block_group);
+
+		crc = crc16(~0, sbi->s_es->s_uuid, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_uuid));
+		crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group));
+		crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp, offset);
+		offset += sizeof(gdp->bg_checksum); /* skip checksum */
+		/*BUG_ON(offset != sizeof(*gdp)); /* XXX handle s_desc_size */
+		/* for checksum of struct ext4_group_desc do the rest...*/
+		if (offset < sbi->s_es->s_desc_size) {
+			crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp + offset,
+				    sbi->s_es->s_desc_size - offset);
+		} 
+	}
+
+	return cpu_to_le16(crc);
+}
+
+int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, __u32 block_group,
+				struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
+{
+	if (gdp->bg_checksum != ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi, block_group, gdp))
+		return 0;
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
 /* Called at mount-time, super-block is locked */
 static int ext4_check_descriptors (struct super_block * sb)
 {
@@ -1277,6 +1362,13 @@ static int ext4_check_descriptors (struc
 				    i, inode_table);
 			return 0;
 		}
+		if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sbi, i, gdp)) {
+			ext4_error(sb, __FUNCTION__,
+				   "Checksum for group %d failed (%u!=%u)\n", i,
+				   le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sbi,i,gdp)),
+				   le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum));
+			return 0;
+		}
 		first_block += EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
 		gdp = (struct ext4_group_desc *)
 			((__u8 *)gdp + EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb));
diff -uprN linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/ext4_fs.h linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/include/linux/ext4_fs.h
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/ext4_fs.h	2007-05-25 19:55:14.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3-uninit-patch/include/linux/ext4_fs.h	2007-06-04 16:37:12.000000000 -0700
@@ -122,19 +122,25 @@
  */
 struct ext4_group_desc
 {
-	__le32	bg_block_bitmap;		/* Blocks bitmap block */
-	__le32	bg_inode_bitmap;		/* Inodes bitmap block */
+	__le32	bg_block_bitmap;	/* Blocks bitmap block */
+	__le32	bg_inode_bitmap;	/* Inodes bitmap block */
 	__le32	bg_inode_table;		/* Inodes table block */
 	__le16	bg_free_blocks_count;	/* Free blocks count */
 	__le16	bg_free_inodes_count;	/* Free inodes count */
 	__le16	bg_used_dirs_count;	/* Directories count */
 	__u16	bg_flags;
-	__u32	bg_reserved[3];
+	__u32	bg_reserved[2];
 	__le32	bg_block_bitmap_hi;	/* Blocks bitmap block MSB */
 	__le32	bg_inode_bitmap_hi;	/* Inodes bitmap block MSB */
 	__le32	bg_inode_table_hi;	/* Inodes table block MSB */
+	__le16  bg_itable_unused;       /* Unused inodes count */
+	__le16  bg_checksum;            /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */
 };
 
+#define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT  0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */
+#define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT  0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */
+#define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED  0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */
+
 #ifdef __KERNEL__
 #include <linux/ext4_fs_i.h>
 #include <linux/ext4_fs_sb.h>
@@ -596,6 +602,7 @@ static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER	0x0001
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE	0x0002
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR	0x0004
+#define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM		0x0010
 
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION	0x0001
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE		0x0002
@@ -613,6 +620,7 @@ static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct
 					 EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT)
 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP	(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \
 					 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \
+					 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \
 					 EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR)
 
 /*


-
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