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Date:	Tue, 03 Jun 2008 08:57:41 +0800
From:	Shen Feng <shen@...fujitsu.com>
To:	"Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC:	Theodore Tso <tytso@....edu>, cmm@...ibm.com, sandeen@...hat.com,
	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, alex@...sterfs.com, adilger@....com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: Fix use of uninitialized data



Aneesh Kumar K.V Wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 02, 2008 at 06:02:21PM +0800, Shen Feng wrote:
>>
>> Theodore Tso Wrote:
>>> On Thu, May 15, 2008 at 12:17:11AM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
>>>> @@ -3134,8 +3135,7 @@ static void ext4_mb_use_inode_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
>>>>  static void ext4_mb_use_group_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
>>>>  				struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa)
>>>>  {
>>>> -	unsigned len = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len;
>>>> -
>>>> +	unsigned int len = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len;
>>>>  	ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(ac->ac_sb, pa->pa_pstart,
>>>>  					&ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group,
>>>>  					&ac->ac_b_ex.fe_start);
>>>> -- 
>>> This change had nothing to do with fixing the use of unitialized data,
>>> but when I started looking more closely, it raised a potential signed
>>> vs. unsigned issue: ac_o_ex is a struct ext4_free_extent, and fe_len
>>> is an int.
>>>
>>> So here we are assigning an int to an unsigned int.  Later, len is
>>> assigned to ac_b_ex.len, which means assigning an unsigned int to an
>>> int.  In other places, fe_len (an int) is compared against pa_free
>>> (which is an unsigned short), and fe_len gets assined to pa_free, once
>>> again mixing signed and unsigned.
>>>
>>> Can someone who is really familiar with this code check this out?  I
>>> think the following pseudo-patch to mballoc.h might be in order:
>>>
>>>  struct ext4_free_extent {
>>>  	ext4_lblk_t fe_logical;
>>>  	ext4_grpblk_t fe_start;
>>>  	ext4_group_t fe_group;
>>> -	int fe_len;
>>> +	unsigned int fe_len;
>>>  };
>>>
>> I'm studying the ext4 code these days.
>> The data types always confuse me.
>>
>> The length of a ext4_extent ee_len is define as unsigned short.
>>
>> struct ext4_extent {
>> 	__le32	ee_block;	/* first logical block extent covers */
>> 	__le16	ee_len;		/* number of blocks covered by extent */
>> 	__le16	ee_start_hi;	/* high 16 bits of physical block */
>> 	__le32	ee_start_lo;	/* low 32 bits of physical block */
>> };
>>
>> So I think fe_len should also be defined as unsigned short.
>> Is that right?
> 
> Extents and each prealloc space have at max 2**16 blocks. So the length
> of both should be unsigned short. With respect to ext4_free_extent we
> use fe_len to store the number of blocks requested for allocation.
> ( ext4_mb_initialize_context )

In ext4_mb_initialize_context, we have

	/* just a dirty hack to filter too big requests  */
	if (len >= EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 10)
		len = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 10;

This means that we cannot allocate blocks which is bigger then
EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 10 ( max 2**16-10 ) with MBALLOC.
But ext4_new_blocks_old can do that.

So ext4_new_blocks may be changed as

ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
		ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp)
{
	struct ext4_allocation_request ar;
	ext4_fsblk_t ret;

-	if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, MBALLOC)) {
+	if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, MBALLOC) || 
+		(*count >= EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(inode->i_sb) - 10)) {
		ret = ext4_new_blocks_old(handle, inode, goal, count, errp);
		return ret;
	}

	memset(&ar, 0, sizeof(ar));
	ar.inode = inode;
	ar.goal = goal;
	ar.len = *count;
	ret = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, errp);
	*count = ar.len;
	return ret;
}


-Shen Feng
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