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Date:	Thu, 14 Apr 2011 14:20:02 -0700
From:	Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@...cle.com>
To:	chris.mason@...cle.com, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk,
	akpm@...ux-foundation.org, adilger.kernel@...ger.ca, tytso@....edu,
	mfasheh@...e.com, jlbec@...lplan.org, matthew@....cx,
	linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
	ocfs2-devel@....oracle.com, linux-mm@...ck.org, hch@...radead.org,
	ngupta@...are.org, jeremy@...p.org, JBeulich@...ell.com,
	kurt.hackel@...cle.com, npiggin@...nel.dk,
	dave.mccracken@...cle.com, riel@...hat.com, avi@...hat.com,
	konrad.wilk@...cle.com, dan.magenheimer@...cle.com, mel@....ul.ie,
	yinghan@...gle.com, gthelen@...gle.com,
	torvalds@...ux-foundation.org
Subject: [PATCH] xen: cleancache shim to Xen Transcendent Memory

[PATCH] xen: cleancache shim to Xen Transcendent Memory

This patch provides a shim between the kernel-internal cleancache
API (see Documentation/mm/cleancache.txt) and the Xen Transcendent
Memory ABI (see http://oss.oracle.com/projects/tmem).

Xen tmem provides "hypervisor RAM" as an ephemeral page-oriented
pseudo-RAM store for cleancache pages, shared cleancache pages,
and frontswap pages.  Tmem provides enterprise-quality concurrency,
full save/restore and live migration support, compression
and deduplication.

A presentation showing up to 8% faster performance and up to 52%
reduction in sectors read on a kernel compile workload, despite
aggressive in-kernel page reclamation ("self-ballooning") can be
found at:

http://oss.oracle.com/projects/tmem/dist/documentation/presentations/TranscendentMemoryXenSummit2010.pdf

Signed-off-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@...cle.com>
Reviewed-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@...p.org>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@....cx>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@...nel.dk>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@....ul.ie>
Cc: Rik Van Riel <riel@...hat.com>
Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@...ell.com>
Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@...cle.com>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger@....com>
Cc: Ted Ts'o <tytso@....edu>
Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@...e.com>
Cc: Joel Becker <joel.becker@...cle.com>
Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@...are.org>

---

Diffstat:
 arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h     |    7 
 drivers/xen/Makefile                     |    1 
 drivers/xen/tmem.c                       |  264 +++++++++++++++++++++
 include/xen/interface/xen.h              |   22 +
 4 files changed, 294 insertions(+)

diff -Napur -X linux-2.6.39-rc3/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h
--- linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h	2011-04-11 18:21:51.000000000 -0600
+++ linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h	2011-04-14 09:54:19.210857901 -0600
@@ -447,6 +447,13 @@ HYPERVISOR_hvm_op(int op, void *arg)
        return _hypercall2(unsigned long, hvm_op, op, arg);
 }
 
+static inline int
+HYPERVISOR_tmem_op(
+	struct tmem_op *op)
+{
+	return _hypercall1(int, tmem_op, op);
+}
+
 static inline void
 MULTI_fpu_taskswitch(struct multicall_entry *mcl, int set)
 {
diff -Napur -X linux-2.6.39-rc3/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/drivers/xen/Makefile linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/drivers/xen/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/drivers/xen/Makefile	2011-04-11 18:21:51.000000000 -0600
+++ linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/drivers/xen/Makefile	2011-04-14 09:54:19.236096051 -0600
@@ -1,5 +1,6 @@
 obj-y	+= grant-table.o features.o events.o manage.o balloon.o
 obj-y	+= xenbus/
+obj-y	+= tmem.o
 
 nostackp := $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
 CFLAGS_features.o			:= $(nostackp)
diff -Napur -X linux-2.6.39-rc3/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/drivers/xen/tmem.c linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/drivers/xen/tmem.c
--- linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/drivers/xen/tmem.c	1969-12-31 17:00:00.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/drivers/xen/tmem.c	2011-04-14 09:54:19.236917913 -0600
@@ -0,0 +1,264 @@
+/*
+ * Xen implementation for transcendent memory (tmem)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Oracle Corp.  All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Dan Magenheimer
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/cleancache.h>
+
+#include <xen/xen.h>
+#include <xen/interface/xen.h>
+#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
+#include <asm/xen/page.h>
+#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
+
+#define TMEM_CONTROL               0
+#define TMEM_NEW_POOL              1
+#define TMEM_DESTROY_POOL          2
+#define TMEM_NEW_PAGE              3
+#define TMEM_PUT_PAGE              4
+#define TMEM_GET_PAGE              5
+#define TMEM_FLUSH_PAGE            6
+#define TMEM_FLUSH_OBJECT          7
+#define TMEM_READ                  8
+#define TMEM_WRITE                 9
+#define TMEM_XCHG                 10
+
+/* Bits for HYPERVISOR_tmem_op(TMEM_NEW_POOL) */
+#define TMEM_POOL_PERSIST          1
+#define TMEM_POOL_SHARED           2
+#define TMEM_POOL_PAGESIZE_SHIFT   4
+#define TMEM_VERSION_SHIFT        24
+
+
+struct tmem_pool_uuid {
+	u64 uuid_lo;
+	u64 uuid_hi;
+};
+
+struct tmem_oid {
+	u64 oid[3];
+};
+
+#define TMEM_POOL_PRIVATE_UUID	{ 0, 0 }
+
+/* flags for tmem_ops.new_pool */
+#define TMEM_POOL_PERSIST          1
+#define TMEM_POOL_SHARED           2
+
+/* xen tmem foundation ops/hypercalls */
+
+static inline int xen_tmem_op(u32 tmem_cmd, u32 tmem_pool, struct tmem_oid oid,
+	u32 index, unsigned long gmfn, u32 tmem_offset, u32 pfn_offset, u32 len)
+{
+	struct tmem_op op;
+	int rc = 0;
+
+	op.cmd = tmem_cmd;
+	op.pool_id = tmem_pool;
+	op.u.gen.oid[0] = oid.oid[0];
+	op.u.gen.oid[1] = oid.oid[1];
+	op.u.gen.oid[2] = oid.oid[2];
+	op.u.gen.index = index;
+	op.u.gen.tmem_offset = tmem_offset;
+	op.u.gen.pfn_offset = pfn_offset;
+	op.u.gen.len = len;
+	set_xen_guest_handle(op.u.gen.gmfn, (void *)gmfn);
+	rc = HYPERVISOR_tmem_op(&op);
+	return rc;
+}
+
+static int xen_tmem_new_pool(struct tmem_pool_uuid uuid,
+				u32 flags, unsigned long pagesize)
+{
+	struct tmem_op op;
+	int rc = 0, pageshift;
+
+	for (pageshift = 0; pagesize != 1; pageshift++)
+		pagesize >>= 1;
+	flags |= (pageshift - 12) << TMEM_POOL_PAGESIZE_SHIFT;
+	flags |= TMEM_SPEC_VERSION << TMEM_VERSION_SHIFT;
+	op.cmd = TMEM_NEW_POOL;
+	op.u.new.uuid[0] = uuid.uuid_lo;
+	op.u.new.uuid[1] = uuid.uuid_hi;
+	op.u.new.flags = flags;
+	rc = HYPERVISOR_tmem_op(&op);
+	return rc;
+}
+
+/* xen generic tmem ops */
+
+static int xen_tmem_put_page(u32 pool_id, struct tmem_oid oid,
+			     u32 index, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	unsigned long gmfn = xen_pv_domain() ? pfn_to_mfn(pfn) : pfn;
+
+	return xen_tmem_op(TMEM_PUT_PAGE, pool_id, oid, index,
+		gmfn, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static int xen_tmem_get_page(u32 pool_id, struct tmem_oid oid,
+			     u32 index, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	unsigned long gmfn = xen_pv_domain() ? pfn_to_mfn(pfn) : pfn;
+
+	return xen_tmem_op(TMEM_GET_PAGE, pool_id, oid, index,
+		gmfn, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static int xen_tmem_flush_page(u32 pool_id, struct tmem_oid oid, u32 index)
+{
+	return xen_tmem_op(TMEM_FLUSH_PAGE, pool_id, oid, index,
+		0, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static int xen_tmem_flush_object(u32 pool_id, struct tmem_oid oid)
+{
+	return xen_tmem_op(TMEM_FLUSH_OBJECT, pool_id, oid, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static int xen_tmem_destroy_pool(u32 pool_id)
+{
+	struct tmem_oid oid = { { 0 } };
+
+	return xen_tmem_op(TMEM_DESTROY_POOL, pool_id, oid, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+int tmem_enabled;
+
+static int __init enable_tmem(char *s)
+{
+	tmem_enabled = 1;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("tmem", enable_tmem);
+
+/* cleancache ops */
+
+static void tmem_cleancache_put_page(int pool, struct cleancache_filekey key,
+				     pgoff_t index, struct page *page)
+{
+	u32 ind = (u32) index;
+	struct tmem_oid oid = *(struct tmem_oid *)&key;
+	unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+
+	if (pool < 0)
+		return;
+	if (ind != index)
+		return;
+	mb(); /* ensure page is quiescent; tmem may address it with an alias */
+	(void)xen_tmem_put_page((u32)pool, oid, ind, pfn);
+}
+
+static int tmem_cleancache_get_page(int pool, struct cleancache_filekey key,
+				    pgoff_t index, struct page *page)
+{
+	u32 ind = (u32) index;
+	struct tmem_oid oid = *(struct tmem_oid *)&key;
+	unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+	int ret;
+
+	/* translate return values to linux semantics */
+	if (pool < 0)
+		return -1;
+	if (ind != index)
+		return -1;
+	ret = xen_tmem_get_page((u32)pool, oid, ind, pfn);
+	if (ret == 1)
+		return 0;
+	else
+		return -1;
+}
+
+static void tmem_cleancache_flush_page(int pool, struct cleancache_filekey key,
+				       pgoff_t index)
+{
+	u32 ind = (u32) index;
+	struct tmem_oid oid = *(struct tmem_oid *)&key;
+
+	if (pool < 0)
+		return;
+	if (ind != index)
+		return;
+	(void)xen_tmem_flush_page((u32)pool, oid, ind);
+}
+
+static void tmem_cleancache_flush_inode(int pool, struct cleancache_filekey key)
+{
+	struct tmem_oid oid = *(struct tmem_oid *)&key;
+
+	if (pool < 0)
+		return;
+	(void)xen_tmem_flush_object((u32)pool, oid);
+}
+
+static void tmem_cleancache_flush_fs(int pool)
+{
+	if (pool < 0)
+		return;
+	(void)xen_tmem_destroy_pool((u32)pool);
+}
+
+static int tmem_cleancache_init_fs(size_t pagesize)
+{
+	struct tmem_pool_uuid uuid_private = TMEM_POOL_PRIVATE_UUID;
+
+	return xen_tmem_new_pool(uuid_private, 0, pagesize);
+}
+
+static int tmem_cleancache_init_shared_fs(char *uuid, size_t pagesize)
+{
+	struct tmem_pool_uuid shared_uuid;
+
+	shared_uuid.uuid_lo = *(u64 *)uuid;
+	shared_uuid.uuid_hi = *(u64 *)(&uuid[8]);
+	return xen_tmem_new_pool(shared_uuid, TMEM_POOL_SHARED, pagesize);
+}
+
+static int use_cleancache = 1;
+
+static int __init no_cleancache(char *s)
+{
+	use_cleancache = 0;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("nocleancache", no_cleancache);
+
+static struct cleancache_ops tmem_cleancache_ops = {
+	.put_page = tmem_cleancache_put_page,
+	.get_page = tmem_cleancache_get_page,
+	.flush_page = tmem_cleancache_flush_page,
+	.flush_inode = tmem_cleancache_flush_inode,
+	.flush_fs = tmem_cleancache_flush_fs,
+	.init_shared_fs = tmem_cleancache_init_shared_fs,
+	.init_fs = tmem_cleancache_init_fs
+};
+
+static int __init xen_tmem_init(void)
+{
+	struct cleancache_ops old_ops;
+
+	if (!xen_domain())
+		return 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CLEANCACHE
+	BUG_ON(sizeof(struct cleancache_filekey) != sizeof(struct tmem_oid));
+	if (tmem_enabled && use_cleancache) {
+		char *s = "";
+		old_ops = cleancache_register_ops(&tmem_cleancache_ops);
+		if (old_ops.init_fs != NULL)
+			s = " (WARNING: cleancache_ops overridden)";
+		printk(KERN_INFO "cleancache enabled, RAM provided by "
+				 "Xen Transcendent Memory%s\n", s);
+	}
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+module_init(xen_tmem_init)
diff -Napur -X linux-2.6.39-rc3/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/include/xen/interface/xen.h linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/include/xen/interface/xen.h
--- linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache/include/xen/interface/xen.h	2011-04-11 18:21:51.000000000 -0600
+++ linux-2.6.39-rc3-cleancache-xen/include/xen/interface/xen.h	2011-04-14 09:54:19.237875256 -0600
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@
 #define __HYPERVISOR_event_channel_op     32
 #define __HYPERVISOR_physdev_op           33
 #define __HYPERVISOR_hvm_op               34
+#define __HYPERVISOR_tmem_op              38
 
 /* Architecture-specific hypercall definitions. */
 #define __HYPERVISOR_arch_0               48
@@ -461,6 +462,27 @@ typedef uint8_t xen_domain_handle_t[16];
 #define __mk_unsigned_long(x) x ## UL
 #define mk_unsigned_long(x) __mk_unsigned_long(x)
 
+#define TMEM_SPEC_VERSION 1
+
+struct tmem_op {
+	uint32_t cmd;
+	int32_t pool_id;
+	union {
+		struct {  /* for cmd == TMEM_NEW_POOL */
+			uint64_t uuid[2];
+			uint32_t flags;
+		} new;
+		struct {
+			uint64_t oid[3];
+			uint32_t index;
+			uint32_t tmem_offset;
+			uint32_t pfn_offset;
+			uint32_t len;
+			GUEST_HANDLE(void) gmfn; /* guest machine page frame */
+		} gen;
+	} u;
+};
+
 #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 /* In assembly code we cannot use C numeric constant suffixes. */
--
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