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Date:	Fri, 25 Sep 2015 19:11:41 +0200
From:	Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@...gle.com>
To:	"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>
Cc:	Theodore Tso <tytso@...gle.com>,
	Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>,
	linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
	Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@...gle.com>,
	ktsan@...glegroups.com
Subject: Re: Help to explain a data race in ext4_da_invalidatepage

Thanks, Theodore. This is very helpful!
KernelThreadSynchronizer in fact ignores synchronization on struct
page (we've did it on purpose to reduce memory consumption, and we had
not noticed any false positives initially). I've filed a bug on KTSAN:
https://github.com/google/ktsan/issues/107



On Fri, Sep 25, 2015 at 6:48 PM, Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu> wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 18, 2015 at 02:25:35PM +0200, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
>> Hello,
>>
>> We are working on a data race detector for kernel,
>> KernelThreadSanitizer (https://github.com/google/ktsan) and got the
>> following race report (on 4.2. rc2). My ext4-fu is not strong enough
>> to prove or disprove whether it is a real issue or a bug in the tool.
>>
>> I will appreciate if you explain how the following memory accesses are
>> supposed to be synchronized (not happen concurrently).
>
> They are synchronized by the fact that the page is locked.  So here:
>
>>  [<ffffffff811e503b>] truncate_inode_pages_range+0x20b/0x8e0 mm/truncate.c:280
>
> and here:
>
>>  [<ffffffff81338520>] mpage_prepare_extent_to_map+0x450/0x500 fs/ext4/inode.c:2351 (discriminator 2)
>
> We iterate over a series of pages we make sure that before we call
> truncate_inode_page() (in the first loop) and mpage_process_page_bufs
> (in the second loop), we make sure that (a) the page is locked, and
> (b) it is not under writeback.
>
> In the first loop, we use a trylock_page() and skip the page if it is
> locked (or if it is under writeback).  In the second loop we use
> lock_page(), and if we are doing a synchronous writeback, we will use
> wait_on_page_writeback() to make sure the page is no longer writeback
> before proceeding.  (The reason why we don't just skip the page is
> that there is always a chance that while the page is getting written
> to disk, the page could have gotten dirtied again --- at least for
> devices that don't require stable page writes.)
>
> In any case, we rely on lock_page() to provide synchronization --- and
> I'm guessing that perhaps KernelThreadSynchronizer wasn't taught that
> lock_page(), unlock_page(), and trylock_page() were synchronization
> primitives?
>
> Or maybe KernelThreadSynchronizer knew about lock_page() and
> unlock_page() implementations in mm/filemap.c, but wasn't aware of the
> trylock_page() implementation include/linux/pagemap.h?
>
> Cheers,
>
>                                         - Ted
>
>> ThreadSanitizer: data-race in kmem_cache_free
>>
>> Write at 0xffff8800bb412e70 of size 8 by thread 3050 on CPU 9:
>>  [<     inline     >] __cache_free mm/slab.c:3384
>>  [<ffffffff812451f2>] kmem_cache_free+0x92/0x480 mm/slab.c:3562
>>  [<ffffffff812b7800>] free_buffer_head+0x40/0x70 fs/buffer.c:3363
>>  [<ffffffff812b922d>] try_to_free_buffers+0xcd/0x120 fs/buffer.c:3278
>> (discriminator 1)
>>  [<ffffffff813b7da9>] jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers+0x109/0x190
>> fs/jbd2/transaction.c:1960
>>  [<ffffffff8133666f>] ext4_releasepage+0x9f/0x120 fs/ext4/inode.c:2995
>>  [<ffffffff811cbf3b>] try_to_release_page+0x6b/0x90 mm/filemap.c:2688
>>  [<ffffffff812b885e>] block_invalidatepage+0x16e/0x1c0 fs/buffer.c:1576
>>  [<ffffffff813375e1>] ext4_invalidatepage+0x81/0x100
>> fs/ext4/inode.c:2957 (discriminator 11)
>>  [<ffffffff81338a70>] ext4_da_invalidatepage+0x50/0x540 fs/ext4/inode.c:2802
>>  [<     inline     >] do_invalidatepage mm/truncate.c:92
>>  [<     inline     >] truncate_complete_page mm/truncate.c:112
>>  [<ffffffff811e4dae>] truncate_inode_page+0xde/0xe0 mm/truncate.c:156
>>  [<ffffffff811e503b>] truncate_inode_pages_range+0x20b/0x8e0 mm/truncate.c:280
>>  [<     inline     >] truncate_inode_pages mm/truncate.c:390
>>  [<ffffffff811e585c>] truncate_pagecache+0x5c/0x80 mm/truncate.c:685
>>  [<ffffffff81344032>] ext4_setattr+0x682/0xcd0 fs/ext4/inode.c:4768
>>  [<ffffffff8129034d>] notify_change+0x3ed/0x570 fs/attr.c:266
>>  [<ffffffff8125d0a2>] do_truncate+0xb2/0x110 fs/open.c:63
>>  [<ffffffff8125d592>] do_sys_ftruncate.constprop.16+0x182/0x1f0 fs/open.c:193
>>  [<     inline     >] C_SYSC_ftruncate fs/open.c:209
>>  [<ffffffff8125d6d0>] compat_SyS_ftruncate+0x20/0x30 fs/open.c:207
>>  [<ffffffff81ee681a>] ia32_do_call+0x1b/0x25
>> arch/x86/entry/entry_64_compat.S:505
>>
>> Previous read at 0xffff8800bb412e70 of size 8 by thread 829 on CPU 0:
>>  [<ffffffff813379f2>] mpage_process_page_bufs+0x202/0x220 fs/ext4/inode.c:1973
>>  [<ffffffff81338520>] mpage_prepare_extent_to_map+0x450/0x500
>> fs/ext4/inode.c:2351 (discriminator 2)
>>  [<ffffffff8133ffaa>] ext4_writepages+0x64a/0x15e0 fs/ext4/inode.c:2505
>>  [<ffffffff811e0453>] do_writepages+0x53/0x80 mm/page-writeback.c:2332
>>  [<ffffffff812aac2f>] __writeback_single_inode+0x7f/0x510
>> fs/fs-writeback.c:1259 (discriminator 3)
>>  [<ffffffff812ab5b8>] writeback_sb_inodes+0x4f8/0x720 fs/fs-writeback.c:1516
>>  [<ffffffff812ab8a4>] __writeback_inodes_wb+0xc4/0x100 fs/fs-writeback.c:1562
>>  [<ffffffff812abc8c>] wb_writeback+0x3ac/0x440 fs/fs-writeback.c:1666
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_check_background_flush fs/fs-writeback.c:1746
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_do_writeback fs/fs-writeback.c:1824
>>  [<ffffffff812ac9df>] wb_workfn+0x43f/0x7e0 fs/fs-writeback.c:1852
>>  [<ffffffff810b1d6e>] process_one_work+0x47e/0x930 kernel/workqueue.c:2036
>>  [<ffffffff810b22d0>] worker_thread+0xb0/0x900 kernel/workqueue.c:2170
>>  [<ffffffff810bba40>] kthread+0x150/0x170 kernel/kthread.c:209
>>  [<ffffffff81ee420f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:529
>>
>> Mutexes locked by thread 3050:
>> Mutex 469545 is locked here:
>>  [<ffffffff81ee0407>] mutex_lock+0x57/0x70 kernel/locking/mutex.c:108
>>  [<ffffffff8125d094>] do_truncate+0xa4/0x110 fs/open.c:61
>>  [<ffffffff8125d592>] do_sys_ftruncate.constprop.16+0x182/0x1f0 fs/open.c:193
>>  [<     inline     >] C_SYSC_ftruncate fs/open.c:209
>>  [<ffffffff8125d6d0>] compat_SyS_ftruncate+0x20/0x30 fs/open.c:207
>>  [<ffffffff81ee681a>] ia32_do_call+0x1b/0x25
>> arch/x86/entry/entry_64_compat.S:505
>>
>> Mutexes locked by thread 829:
>> Mutex 119525 is read locked here:
>>  [<ffffffff810de882>] down_read_trylock+0x52/0x60 kernel/locking/rwsem.c:45
>>  [<ffffffff81265428>] trylock_super+0x28/0x90 fs/super.c:369
>>  [<ffffffff812ab85d>] __writeback_inodes_wb+0x7d/0x100 fs/fs-writeback.c:1553
>>  [<ffffffff812abc8c>] wb_writeback+0x3ac/0x440 fs/fs-writeback.c:1666
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_check_background_flush fs/fs-writeback.c:1746
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_do_writeback fs/fs-writeback.c:1824
>>  [<ffffffff812ac9df>] wb_workfn+0x43f/0x7e0 fs/fs-writeback.c:1852
>>  [<ffffffff810b1d6e>] process_one_work+0x47e/0x930 kernel/workqueue.c:2036
>>  [<ffffffff810b22d0>] worker_thread+0xb0/0x900 kernel/workqueue.c:2170
>>  [<ffffffff810bba40>] kthread+0x150/0x170 kernel/kthread.c:209
>>  [<ffffffff81ee420f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:529
>>
>>
>> The second memory access is read of head->b_page, while head is being freed.
>> This followed by some other accesses to buffer_head, for example (this
>> is read of bh_offset(bh)):
>>
>> Previous read at 0xffff8800bb412e88 of size 8 by thread 829 on CPU 0:
>>  [<ffffffff81345e2a>] ext4_bio_write_page+0xfa/0x5e0 fs/ext4/page-io.c:460
>>  [<ffffffff81337786>] mpage_submit_page+0x96/0x100 fs/ext4/inode.c:1868
>>  [<ffffffff813379fe>] mpage_process_page_bufs+0x20e/0x220 fs/ext4/inode.c:1973
>>  [<ffffffff81338520>] mpage_prepare_extent_to_map+0x450/0x500
>> fs/ext4/inode.c:2351 (discriminator 2)
>>  [<ffffffff8133ffaa>] ext4_writepages+0x64a/0x15e0 fs/ext4/inode.c:2505
>>  [<ffffffff811e0453>] do_writepages+0x53/0x80 mm/page-writeback.c:2332
>>  [<ffffffff812aac2f>] __writeback_single_inode+0x7f/0x510
>> fs/fs-writeback.c:1259 (discriminator 3)
>>  [<ffffffff812ab5b8>] writeback_sb_inodes+0x4f8/0x720 fs/fs-writeback.c:1516
>>  [<ffffffff812ab8a4>] __writeback_inodes_wb+0xc4/0x100 fs/fs-writeback.c:1562
>>  [<ffffffff812abc8c>] wb_writeback+0x3ac/0x440 fs/fs-writeback.c:1666
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_check_background_flush fs/fs-writeback.c:1746
>>  [<     inline     >] wb_do_writeback fs/fs-writeback.c:1824
>>  [<ffffffff812ac9df>] wb_workfn+0x43f/0x7e0 fs/fs-writeback.c:1852
>>  [<ffffffff810b1d6e>] process_one_work+0x47e/0x930 kernel/workqueue.c:2036
>>  [<ffffffff810b22d0>] worker_thread+0xb0/0x900 kernel/workqueue.c:2170
>>  [<ffffffff810bba40>] kthread+0x150/0x170 kernel/kthread.c:209
>>  [<ffffffff81ee420f>] ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:529
>>
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